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Timeline of rocket and missile technology

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,


This article gives a concise timeline of rocket and missile technology.

  • 12th century CE - Rockets and fireworks evolved with use in weaponry in China.
  • 1650 - Artis Magnae Artilleriae pars prima ("Great Art of Artillery, the First Part") is printed in Amsterdam, about a year before the death of its author, Kazimierz Siemienowicz.
  • 1798 - Tipu Sultan, the King of the city-state of Mysore in India, uses the iron rockets against the British Army and wins the first war.
  • 1803 - The British Army develops the Congreve rocket based on weapons used against them in India and introduces military rocketry to Europe.
  • 1922 - Hermann Oberth publishes Die Rakete zu den Planetenräumen ("By Rocket into Planetary Space").
  • 1929 - Woman in the Moon, considered to be one of the first "serious" science fiction films.
  • 1942 - A V-2 rocket becomes the first man-made object in space.
  • 1949 - Willy Ley publishes The Conquest of Space
  • 1952 - Wernher von Braun discusses the technical details of a manned exploration of Mars in The Mars Project.
  • 1953 - Colliers Magazine publishes a series of articles on man's future in space, igniting the interest of people around the world. The series includes numerous articles by Ley and von Braun, illustrated by Chesley Bonestell.
  • 1957 - The USSR launches Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite.
  • 1958 - The U.S. launches Explorer 1, the first American artificial satellite, on a Jupiter-C rocket.
  • 1958 - US launches their first ICBM, the Atlas-B (the Atlas-A was a test article only).
  • 1961 - the USSR launches Vostok 1, Yuri Gagarin reached a height of 327 km above Earth and was the first man to orbit earth.
  • 1963 - The USSR launches Vostok 6, Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman (and first civilian) to orbit earth. She remained in space for nearly three days and orbited the earth 48 times.
  • 1965 - USSR Proton rocket, highly successful launch vehicle with notable payloads, Salyut 6 & Salyut 7, Mir & ISS components
  • 1966 - USSR Luna 9, the first soft landing on the Moon
  • 1966 - USSR launch Soyuz spacecraft, the most successful spacecraft ever design, serving both USSR and US space missions.
  • 1969 - US Apollo 11, first men on the Moon, first lunar surface extravehicular activity.
  • 1981 - US space shuttle pioneers reusability and glide landings
  • 1986 - USSR Mir space station launch in to orbit by Proton rocket
  • 2004 - US SpaceShipOne pioneers commercial reusability, carried launch and glide landings

See also


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Published - July 2009

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