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Aviatik B.II

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aviatik_B.II

B.II
Role Reconnaissance aircraft
Manufacturer Aviatik
Designed by Robert Wild
First flight 1915
Introduced 1915
Retired 1916
Primary users Luftstreitkräfte
Kaiserliche und Konigliche Luftfahrtruppen

The Aviatik B.II was a reconnaissance aircraft built in Germany and Austria-Hungary during World War I. It was a two-seat biplane of conventional configuration that seated its pilot and observer in tandem, open cockpits. Compared to its predecessor, the B.I, the B.II had a more powerful engine and revised nose design that faired the powerplant in more neatly, and a single "rhino horn" collector stack for the exhaust. A variety of two- and three-bay wing designs were utilised during production. While originally no armament was fitted (in common with other B- class aircraft), later production versions received a machine gun for the observer. All were withdrawn from front-line service by early 1916, however the type continued in use as a trainer for a time with advanced flying training units (it is known that the B.II served in this role at FEA 9 at Darmstadt during 1916).

Austro-Hungarian built D.IIs featured revised, enlarged ailerons, and Austro-Daimler engines.

Operators

Specifications

General characteristics

  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Length: 7.10 m (23 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 12.35 m (40 ft 6 in)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Mercedes D.II, 88 kW (120 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 100 km/h (60 mph)
  • Endurance: 3 hours
  • Service ceiling: 6,100 m (20,000 ft)

Footnotes

  1. Cowin, H.W. "German and Austrian Aviation of World War I". Osprey Publishing Ltd, 2000 ISBN 1-841-76069-2

Bibliography

  • Angelucci, Enzo. The Rand McNally Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, 1914-1980. San Diego, California: The Military Press, 1983. ISBN 0-517-41021-4.
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions, 1989, p. 89.
  • World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing, File 889 Sheet 89.





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Published - July 2009












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