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Dornier Do 228

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dornier_Do_228

Dornier 228
LGW Do 228-200
Role Airliner
Manufacturer Dornier GmbH
First flight March 21, 1981
Introduced 1982
Produced 1981-1998
Number built 270

Do 228 of the German Navy.
Do 228 of the German Navy.

Flight deck.
Flight deck.

Cabin view.
Cabin view.

Finnish Frontier Guards Do 228 in Helsinki-Malmi Airport.
Finnish Frontier Guards Do 228 in Helsinki-Malmi Airport.

The Dornier Do 228 is a small twin-turboprop STOL utility aircraft, manufactured by Dornier GmbH (later DASA Dornier, Fairchild-Dornier) from 1981 until 1998. In 1983 Hindustan Aeronautics bought a production licence and manufactures the 228 for the Asian market sphere. Approximately 270 Do 228 were built at Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany and Kanpur, India. In August 2006, 127 Dornier Do 228 aircraft (all variants) remain in airline service. RUAG will commence building a Dornier 228 New Generation at the same place in Germany using structural parts supplied by HAL. It will be basically the same aircraft with improved technologies and performances, such as a new five blade propeller, glass cockpit or longer range.

Design and development

In the late 1970s, Dornier GmbH developed a new kind of wing, the TNT ("Tragflügel neuer Technologie"), subsidized by the German Government. Dornier tested it on a modified Do 28D-2Skyservant and with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-110 turboprop engines. Finally, Dornier changed the engine and tested the new aircraft, which was named Do 128 with two Garrett AiResearch TPE-331-5 engines. The company developed a new fuselage for the TNT and TPE 331-5 in two variants (15- and 19-passenger) and named both project-aircraft E-1 (later Do 228-100) and E-2 (later Do 228-200). At ILA '80, Dornier presented the new aircraft in public. Both the prototypes were flown on March 21, 1981 and May 9, 1981 for the first time. After certification the first Do 228 entered service in the fleet of Norving Flyservice in February 1982. Over the years Dornier offered the 228 in upgraded variants and with special equipment for special missions. In 1998 the production line was stopped for better development of the successor Fairchild-Dornier 328.

Operators

Civilian operators

The major operators of the 127 Do 228 aircraft remaining in service in August 2006 include:

Some 35 other airlines operate smaller numbers of the aircraft. Lufttransport (Norway) operates 2 Dornier 228's and AeroVip (Portugal) operates 2 Do 228, also SATA (Portugal) operates these aircraft.

Military operators

Accidents

Kato Airline Flight 603

  • On 4 December 2003, a Dornier 228 of Kato Air operating Flight 603 was struck by lightning, causing a fracture to the control rod that operated the elevator. The aircraft subsequently landed heavily just short of the runway at Bodø and was written off. Both crewmembers sustained serious injuries while both passengers sustained slight injuries. The aircraft, registered LN-HTA, was written off.

Polar 3

Polar 4

Polar 4 was severely damaged in January 2005 during a rough landing at the British over-wintering station Rothera on the Antarctic Peninsula. As it was impossible to repair the plane, the aircraft had to be decommissioned. Since then, scientific and logistical tasks of polar flights have been performed by Polar 2.

Accident summary

  • Hull-loss accidents: 22 with 109 fatalities
  • Other occurrences: 1 with 3 fatalities
  • Unfiled occurrences: 1 with 0 fatalities
  • Hijackings: 1 with 0 fatalities
  • Selection of incidents: 3 with 0 fatalities

Specifications (Do 228-212)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 19 passengers
  • Length: 16.56 m (54 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 16.97 m (55 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 4.86 m (15 ft 9 in)
  • Wing area: 32.00 m² (345 ft²)
  • Empty: 3,258 kg (7,183 lb)
  • Payoad: 1,900 kg ( lb)
  • Maximum takeoff: 6,400 kg (14,110 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2x Garrett AiResearch TPE-331-5, 560 kW (776 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 434 km/h (271 mph)
  • Range: 1,037 km (560 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 8,534 m (28,000 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 570 m/min (1,870 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: kg/m² ( lb/ft²)
  • Power/Mass:

See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Related lists

External links




Text from Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply.


Published - July 2009














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