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IAI Arava

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IAI_Arava

Arava
Role Transport
Manufacturer Israeli Aircraft Industries
First flight 27 November 1969
Status Active
Primary users Israeli Air Force
14 other militaries
Produced 1972-1988
Number built 80+

The Israeli Aircraft Industries Arava is a light STOL utility transport aircraft built in Israel by IAI in the late 1960s.

The Arava was IAI's first major aircraft design to enter production. It was intended both for the military and civil market, but the aircraft was only built in relatively small numbers. The customers were found mainly in third world countries, especially in Central- and South America as well as Swaziland and Thailand.

The design work on the Arava began in 1966, and the design objectives included STOL performance, the ability to operate from rough strips and carry 25 troops or bulky payloads. To achieve this, the Arava design was of a relatively unusual configuration. Its fuselage was barrel-like, short but wide, and the rear of the fuselage was hinged and could swing open for easy loading and unloading. Its wing span was long and the twin tails were mounted on booms that ran from the engine nacelles. The aircraft was powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A turboprops.

The Arava first flew on November 27, 1969, while a second prototype flew for the first time on May 8, 1971. Production ended in 1988. More than 90 aircraft were produced, including 70 for the military market. It is still in operation in some countries.

Versions

  • IAI 101 - civil-transport version
  • IAI 102 - civil passenger aircraft for up to 20 persons in airline-standard configuration or up to 12 passengers in VIP configuration
  • IAI 102B - civil transport version
  • IAI 201 - military transport version
  • IAI 202 - modified, longer version with modified wings

The military version could also be equipped with a range of weapons, in order to act in anti-submarine- or gunship roles. The weapon configuration could include two machine guns in fuselage side packs (usually 0.5" Browning), plus a third gun on the rear fuselage, and two pods containing 6 x 82 mm rocket pods or torpedoes or sonar buoys on the fuselage sides.

Operators

Specifications IAI Arava

Data from All the World's Rotorcraft

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity:
    • 24 passengers or
    • 12 VIP passengers
  • Payload: 2,800 kg (6172 lbs)
  • Length: 13.0 m (42.65 ft)
  • Wingspan: 20.9 m (68.57 ft)
  • Height: 5.2 m (17 ft)
  • Wing area: 45.7 m² (492 ft)
  • Empty weight: 3,999 kg (8816 lbs)
  • Max takeoff weight: 6,803 kg (14,998 lbs)
  • Powerplant: 2× Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-34 turboprops, 575 kW (771 shp) each

Performance

Sources

  1. ^ "IAI-101, 102, 201 Arava". http://avia.russian.ee/air/israel/iai_arava.html. Retrieved on 2007-01-14. 

See also

Comparable aircraft




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Published - July 2009














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