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List of space travelers by name

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_space_travelers_by_name

This is an alphabetical list of all space travelers, people who have flown in space.

The criteria for determining who has achieved human spaceflight vary. The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) defines spaceflight as any flight over 100 kilometres (62 miles). a definition recognized by every country. In the 1960's, the United States Department of Defense awarded the rating of astronaut to military and civilian pilots who flew aircraft higher than 50 miles (80 kilometers). From the Department of Defense, seven USAF and NASA pilots qualified for the Astronaut Badge by flying the sub-orbital X-15 rocket spaceplane. All other men and women traveled to outer space in non-winged rockets or the orbital space shuttle, except for American test pilot Michael Melvill, who entered space in the sub-orbital Scaled Composites SpaceShipOne rocket spaceplane. People who died training for space travel or died during missions that failed to reach the required altitude such as Christa McAuliffe can be found in the article on space disasters. This list follows the FAI criterion.

As of May 27, 2009 (2009 -05-27), a total of 498 humans from 38 countries have gone into space according to the FAI guideline, (504 people have qualified when including the Department of Defense classification). Of those totals, 3 people completed only a sub-orbital flight, 495 people reached Earth orbit, 24 traveled beyond low Earth orbit and 12 walked on the Moon. Space travelers have spent over 29,000 person-days (or a cumulative total of over 77 years) in space including over 100 person-days of spacewalks.

  • Names in italic are space travelers who have left Low Earth orbit, names in bold are space travelers who have walked on the moon. National flags indicate the space traveler's citizenship at the time of flight(s). A * next to a name indicates that the person died during spaceflight.

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

  1. Joseph M. Acaba
  2. Loren Acton
  3. James Adamson
  4. / Viktor M. Afanasyev
  5. Thomas Akers
  6. Toyohiro Akiyama, the first business-sponsored space traveler and the first Japanese in space.
  7. Vladimir Aksyonov
  8. Sultan Salman Al Saud, first Saudi Arabian in space, only royal person in space, first middle eastern person in space.
  9. Edwin Buzz Aldrin (born 1930), flew on Apollo 11 and was the second person to walk on the Moon.
  10. Aleksandr Panayotov Aleksandrov
  11. Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov
  12. Andrew M. Allen
  13. Joseph P. Allen
  14. Scott Altman
  15. William Anders, first Asian-born person in space. (Anders was born in Hong Kong, but was an American citizen.)
  16. Clayton Anderson
  17. *Michael P. Anderson, (1959–2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  18. / Anousheh Ansari (born 1966), fourth spaceflight participant and first female spaceflight participant, first female Muslim in space, and first Iranian in space.
  19. Dominic A. Antonelli
  20. Jerome Apt
  21. Lee Archambault
  22. Neil Armstrong (born 1930), flew on Apollo 11 and was the first person to walk on the Moon.
  23. Richard R. Arnold
  24. Anatoly Artsebarsky
  25. Yuri Artyukhin (1930–1998)
  26. Jeffrey Ashby
  27. Oleg Atkov
  28. Toktar Aubakirov, first Kazakh born person in space.
  29. Sergei Avdeyev

    B

  30. James Bagian
  31. Ellen Baker
  32. Michael Baker
  33. Aleksandr Balandin
  34. Michael Barratt
  35. Daniel Barry
  36. John-David F. Bartoe
  37. Yuri Baturin, first Russian politician in space.
  38. Patrick Baudry, first African-born man and second Frenchman in space
  39. Alan Bean, flew on Apollo 12 and was the fourth person to walk on the Moon.
  40. Robert L. Behnken
  41. Ivan Bella, first Slovak in space.
  42. Pavel Belyayev (1925–1970)
  43. Georgi Beregovoi (1921–1995)
  44. Anatoli Berezovoy
  45. Brian Binnie, second commercial (launched by a private company) astronaut. Suborbital flight only.
  46. John Blaha
  47. Michael J. Bloomfield
  48. Guion Bluford, first African-American in space.
  49. Karol Bobko, first graduate of the United States Air Force Academy to become an astronaut.
  50. Eric A. Boe
  51. Charles Bolden
  52. Roberta Bondar, first Canadian woman in space.
  53. Frank Borman, commander of Apollo 8, the first spaceflight to orbit the Moon.
  54. Stephen G. Bowen
  55. Kenneth Bowersox
  56. Charles Brady (1951–2006)
  57. Vance Brand
  58. Daniel Brandenstein
  59. Roy Bridges. Became Director of the Kennedy Space Center in March 1997
  60. Curtis Brown
  61. *David M. Brown (1956–2003)
  62. Mark Brown
  63. James Buchli
  64. Jay Buckey
  65. Nikolai Budarin
  66. Daniel Burbank
  67. Daniel Bursch
  68. Valery Bykovsky (born 1934)

    C

  69. Robert Cabana
  70. Tracy Caldwell
  71. Charles Camarda
  72. Kenneth Cameron
  73. Duane Carey
  74. Scott Carpenter, a Project Mercury astronaut.
  75. Gerald Carr
  76. Sonny Carter, (1947–1991)
  77. John Casper
  78. Robert Cenker
  79. Gene Cernan, flew on Apollo 17
  80. Gregory Chamitoff
  81. / Franklin Chang-Diaz, the only Costa Rican, first Hispanic-American in space, holder of the shared record of seven space flights.
  82. / *Kalpana Chawla (1961–2003), first Indian-American woman in space, died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  83. Maurizio Cheli
  84. Leroy Chiao
  85. Kevin Chilton
  86. Jean-Loup Chrétien, first French person in space and first non-Soviet European to walk in space
  87. *Laurel B. Clark (1961–2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  88. Mary Cleave
  89. Jean-François Clervoy
  90. Michael Clifford
  91. Michael Coats
  92. Kenneth Cockrell
  93. Catherine Coleman (born 1960)
  94. Eileen Collins
  95. Michael Collins (born 1930), flew on Apollo 11 crew. Was the first Italian-born person in space. (Collins was born in Rome to American parents.)
  96. Pete Conrad, Apollo 12, (1930–1999), the third person to walk on the Moon and the commander of the first Skylab mission.
  97. Gordon Cooper (1927–2004), the first American to fly in space for a day.
  98. Richard Covey
  99. John Creighton
  100. Robert Crippen, Space Shuttle pioneer
  101. Roger Crouch
  102. Frank Culbertson
  103. Walter Cunningham, flew on Apollo 7.
  104. Robert Curbeam
  105. Nancy Currie

    D

  106. Nancy Jan Davis
  107. Lawrence J. DeLucas
  108. Frank De Winne
  109. Vladimir N. Dezhurov
  110. *Georgi Dobrovolski (1928–1971)
  111. Takao Doi, first Japanese to walk in space.
  112. B. Alvin Drew
  113. Brian Duffy
  114. Charles Duke, flew on Apollo 16.
  115. Bonnie J. Dunbar
  116. Pedro Duque, first Spaniard in space.
  117. Samuel T. Durrance
  118. Lev Dyomin (1926–1998)
  119. Vladimir Dzhanibekov, first Uzbekistan-born man in space

    E

  120. Joe Edwards
  121. Donn F. Eisele (1930–1987), flew on Apollo 7.
  122. Anthony W. England
  123. Joseph H. Engle
  124. Ronald Evans (1933–1990)
  125. Reinhold Ewald
  126. Léopold Eyharts

    F

  127. John Fabian
  128. Muhammed Faris, first Syrian in space.
  129. Bertalan Farkas, first Hungarian in space.
  130. Jean-Jacques Favier
  131. Fèi Jùnlóng, flew on Shenzhou 6
  132. Konstantin Feoktistov
  133. Christopher Ferguson
  134. Martin J. Fettman
  135. Andrew J. Feustel
  136. Anatoli Filipchenko
  137. Edward Fincke
  138. Anna Fisher
  139. William Frederick Fisher
  140. Klaus-Dietrich Flade
  141. / Michael Foale, holds the American and British Record for time spent in space at 374 days, 11 hours, 19 minutes.
  142. Michael Foreman
  143. Patrick Forrester
  144. Michael Fossum
  145. Stephen Frick
  146. Dirk Frimout, first Belgian in space.
  147. Christer Fuglesang, first Swede in space.
  148. Charles Fullerton
  149. Reinhard Furrer (1940–1995)

    G

  150. Francis Gaffney
  151. Yuri Gagarin (1934–1968), first person in space.
  152. Ronald Garan
  153. Dale Gardner
  154. Guy Gardner
  155. Jake Garn, a United States Senator and first politician in space.
  156. Marc Garneau, first Canadian in space.
  157. Owen Garriott
  158. Richard Garriott, first second generation American in space, son of skylab astronaut, Owen Garriott.
  159. Charles Gemar
  160. Michael Gernhardt
  161. Edward Gibson
  162. Robert L. Gibson
  163. Yuri Gidzenko
  164. Yuri Glazkov
  165. John Glenn (born 1921), first American to orbit the Earth, and later, the oldest person to make a spaceflight.
  166. Linda Godwin
  167. Michael T. Good
  168. Viktor Gorbatko
  169. Richard Gordon, flew on Apollo 12.
  170. Dominic Gorie
  171. Ronald Grabe
  172. Georgi Grechko
  173. Frederick Gregory
  174. William Gregory
  175. Stanley Griggs (1939–1989)
  176. Virgil Grissom (1926–1967), first NASA astronaut to go into space twice and the first person to go into space twice in a capsule-type spacecraft. Would have been the first person to fly three times. Died in the Apollo 1 disaster.
  177. John Grunsfeld
  178. Aleksei Gubarev
  179. Umberto Guidoni
  180. Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa, first Mongolian in space.
  181. Sidney Gutierrez

    H

  182. Chris Hadfield, first Canadian to walk in space.
  183. Claudie Haigneré, first Frenchwoman in space.
  184. Jean-Pierre Haigneré
  185. Fred Haise, flew on Apollo 13.
  186. James Halsell
  187. Kenneth Ham
  188. Lloyd Hammond
  189. Gregory Harbaugh
  190. Bernard Harris, first African-American to walk in space.
  191. Terry Hart
  192. Henry Hartsfield
  193. Frederick Hauck
  194. Steven Hawley
  195. Susan Helms
  196. Karl Henize (1926–1993)
  197. Thomas Hennen
  198. Terence Henricks
  199. Miroslaw Hermaszewski, first Pole in space.
  200. John Herrington, first Native American in space.
  201. Richard Hieb
  202. Joan Higginbotham
  203. David Hilmers
  204. Kathryn Hire
  205. Charles Hobaugh
  206. Jeffrey Hoffman
  207. Scott Horowitz
  208. Akihiko Hoshide
  209. Millie Hughes-Fulford, first female Payload Specialist.
  210. *Rick D. Husband (1957–2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.

    I

  211. James Irwin (1930–1991), flew on Apollo 15.
  212. Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
  213. Georgi Ivanov, first Bulgarian in space.
  214. Marsha Ivins

    J

  215. Sigmund Jähn, first German in space
  216. Mae Jemison, first African-American woman in space
  217. Tamara E. Jernigan
  218. Brent W. Jett, Jr.
  219. Jing Haipeng
  220. Gregory C. Johnson
  221. Gregory H. Johnson
  222. Thomas D. Jones

    K

  223. Leonid Kadenyuk, first Ukrainian in space since independence.
  224. Alexander Kaleri, first Russian in space since independence.
  225. Janet Kavandi
  226. James Kelly
  227. Mark E. Kelly
  228. Scott Kelly
  229. Joseph Kerwin
  230. Yevgeny Khrunov (1933–2000)
  231. Robert S. Kimbrough
  232. Leonid Kizim
  233. Pyotr Klimuk, first Belarusian in space.
  234. *Vladimir Komarov (1927–1967), killed during a USSR space flight.
  235. Yelena V. Kondakova
  236. Oleg Kononenko, first Turkmenistan-born man in space
  237. Valery Korzun
  238. Oleg Kotov
  239. Vladimir Kovalyonok
  240. Konstantin Kozeyev
  241. Kevin Kregel
  242. / Sergei Krikalev, six space flights and, as of 2008, holds record for longest total time in space: 803 days, 9 hours and 39 minutes.
  243. Valeri Kubasov
  244. André Kuipers

    L

  245. Aleksandr Laveykin
  246. Wendy Lawrence
  247. Vasili Lazarev (1928–1990)
  248. Aleksandr Lazutkin
  249. Valentin Lebedev
  250. Mark C. Lee
  251. David Leestma
  252. William B. Lenoir
  253. Aleksei Leonov, first person to "walk in space" (to make an EVA).
  254. Frederick W. Leslie
  255. Anatoli Levchenko (1941–1988)
  256. Byron Lichtenberg, first NASA Payload Specialist.
  257. Don Lind
  258. Steven Lindsey
  259. Jerry Linenger
  260. Richard Linnehan
  261. Gregory Linteris
  262. Liu Boming
    • Yang Liwei - see under Y
  263. Paul Lockhart
  264. Yuri Lonchakov
  265. / Michael Lopez-Alegria
  266. John Lounge
  267. Jack Lousma
  268. Stanley G. Love
  269. Jim Lovell, flew on Apollo 8, the first spaceship to orbit the Moon, and on Apollo 13.
  270. G. David Low (1956—2008)
  271. Edward Lu
  272. Shannon Lucid, first Asian-born woman in space. As of 2006, holder of the woman's spaceflight-duration record.
  273. Vladimir Lyakhov

    M

  274. Steven MacLean
  275. Sandra Magnus
  276. Oleg Makarov (1933–2003)
  277. Yuri Malenchenko
  278. Franco Malerba, first Italian in space. (Michael Collins was born in Rome, Italy in 1930, he has always been an American citizen, born of American parents.)
  279. Yuri Malyshev (1941–1999)
  280. / Gennadi Manakov
  281. Musa Manarov, first Azerbaidjan-born man in space
  282. Michael Massimino
  283. Richard Mastracchio
  284. Thomas Kenneth "Ken" Mattingly II (born 1936), flew on Apollo 16, STS-4, and STS-51-C.
  285. K. Megan McArthur
  286. William S. McArthur
  287. Jon McBride
  288. Bruce McCandless II
  289. *William C. McCool (1961–2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  290. Michael McCulley
  291. James McDivitt, flew on Apollo 9.
  292. Donald McMonagle
  293. *Ronald McNair (1950–1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  294. Carl Meade
  295. Bruce Melnick
  296. Pamela Melroy
  297. Leland D. Melvin
  298. / Mike Melvill, first commercial (launched by a private company) astronaut. Suborbital flight only.
  299. Ulf Merbold
  300. Ernst Messerschmid
  301. Edgar Mitchell, flew on Apollo 14.
  302. Abdul Ahad Mohmand, first Afghan in space.
  303. Mamoru Mohri
  304. Barbara Morgan
  305. Lee Morin
  306. Boris Morukov
  307. Chiaki Mukai, first Japanese woman in space.
  308. Richard Mullane
  309. Talgat Musabayev
  310. Story Musgrave

    N

  311. Steven R. Nagel
  312. Bill Nelson, second politician in space.
  313. George Nelson
  314. Rodolfo Neri Vela, first Mexican in space.
  315. Paolo A. Nespoli
  316. James H. Newman
  317. Claude Nicollier, first Swiss in space.
  318. Niè Hǎishèng, flew on Shenzhou 6
  319. Andriyan Nikolayev (1929–2004)
  320. Soichi Noguchi
  321. Carlos I. Noriega, first Peruvian-born person in space.
  322. Lisa Nowak
  323. Karen Nyberg

    O

  324. Bryan O'Connor
  325. Ellen Ochoa, first Hispanic woman in space.
  326. Wubbo Ockels, first Dutch citizen in space.
  327. William Oefelein
  328. John D. Olivas
  329. Gregory Olsen, third spaceflight participant.
  330. *Ellison Onizuka (1946–1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  331. Yuri Onufrienko
  332. Stephen Oswald
  333. Robert Overmyer (1936–1996)

    P

  334. Gennady Padalka
  335. William Pailes
  336. Scott Parazynski
  337. Ronald A. Parise (1951—2008)
  338. Robert Parker
  339. Nicholas Patrick
  340. *Viktor Patsayev (1933–1971)
  341. James Pawelczyk
  342. Julie Payette
  343. Gary Payton, first military astronaut.
  344. Philippe Perrin, first Morocco-born man in space
  345. Donald Peterson
  346. Donald Pettit
  347. Pham Tuân, first Vietnamese and first Asian in space.
  348. John Phillips
  349. William Pogue
  350. Alan G. Poindexter
  351. Mark Polansky
  352. Alexander Poleshchuk
  353. / Valeri Polyakov, holds record for single longest spaceflight, 437 days.
  354. Marcos Pontes, first Brazilian in space.
  355. Leonid Popov
  356. Pavel Popovich, first Ukrainian-born person in space.
  357. Charles Precourt
  358. Dumitru Prunariu, first Romanian in space.

    R

  359. *Ilan Ramon (1954–2003), first Israeli in space, died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  360. William Readdy
  361. Kenneth Reightler
  362. James F. Reilly
  363. Garrett Reisman
  364. Thomas Reiter, first German to walk in space and first ESA astronaut to stay on the ISS.
  365. Vladimír Remek, first Czech and first non-Soviet European in space.
  366. *Judith Resnik (1949–1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  367. Paul W. Richards
  368. Richard N. Richards
  369. Sally Ride, first American woman in space.
  370. Stephen Robinson
  371. Roman Romanenko
  372. Yuri Romanenko
  373. Kent Rominger
  374. Stuart Roosa (1933–1994), flew on Apollo 14.
  375. Jerry L. Ross, flew on seven space flights.
  376. Valeri Rozhdestvensky
  377. Nikolay Rukavishnikov (1932–2002)
  378. Mario Runco, Jr.
  379. / Valery Ryumin

    S

  380. Albert Sacco
  381. Gennadi Sarafanov (1942–2005)
  382. Viktor Savinykh
  383. Svetlana Savitskaya, first woman to walk in space.
  384. Wally Schirra (1923—2007)
  385. Hans Schlegel
  386. Harrison Schmitt, flew on Apollo 17.
  387. Rusty Schweickart
  388. *Dick Scobee (1939–1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  389. David Scott
  390. Winston Scott
  391. / Paul Scully-Power
  392. Richard Searfoss
  393. Rhea Seddon
  394. Ronald Sega
  395. / Piers Sellers
  396. / Aleksandr Serebrov
  397. Vitali Sevastyanov
  398. Yuri Shargin, first Russian military cosmonaut
  399. Salizhan Sharipov , first Kyrgyzstan-born man in space
  400. Rakesh Sharma, first Indian in space.
  401. Helen Sharman, first Briton in space.
  402. Vladimir Shatalov, first Kazakhstan-born man in space
  403. Brewster Shaw
  404. Alan Shepard (1923–1998), first American in space.
  405. William Shepherd
  406. Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, first Malaysian in space
  407. Georgi Shonin (1935–1997)
  408. Loren Shriver
  409. Mark Shuttleworth, second spaceflight participant and first South African in space.
  410. / Charles Simonyi, fifth spaceflight participant.
  411. Donald "Deke" Slayton (1924–1996), a Mercury astronaut.
  412. Steven Smith
  413. > Anatoly Solovyev, first Latvia-born man in space
  414. Vladimir Solovyov
  415. Sherwood Spring
  416. Robert Springer
  417. Thomas Patten Stafford
  418. Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper
  419. Robert Stewart
  420. Susan Still
  421. / Gennady Strekalov (1940–2004)
  422. Frederick Sturckow
  423. Kathryn Sullivan, first American woman to walk in space.
  424. Steven Swanson
  425. John "Jack" Swigert (1931–1982), flew on Apollo 13.

    T

  426. Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez, the first Cuban and the first person from a country in the Western Hemisphere other than the U.S. to travel to space. He was also the first Hispanophone and first person of African ancestry in space.
  427. Daniel Tani
  428. Joseph Tanner
  429. Valentina Tereshkova, first woman in space.
  430. Norman Thagard
  431. Gerhard Thiele
  432. Robert Thirsk
  433. / Andrew Thomas
  434. Donald Thomas
  435. Kathryn Thornton, first woman to make multiple EVAs.
  436. William Thornton
  437. Pierre Thuot
  438. Dennis Tito, first self-funded spaceflight participant.
  439. Gherman Titov (1935–2000), the second person to make a space flght and the first to stay up for a day.
  440. Vladimir Titov
  441. Michel Tognini
  442. Valery Tokarev
  443. Sergei Treschev
  444. Eugene Trinh, first Vietnamese-American in space.
  445. Richard Truly
  446. Bjarni Tryggvason, first Iceland-born man in space
  447. Vasili Tsibliyev
  448. Mikhail Tyurin

    U

  449. Yury Usachev

    V

  450. / Lodewijk van den Berg, first Dutch-born astronaut.
  451. James "Ox" van Hoften
  452. Vladimir Vasyutin (1952–2002)
  453. Charles Veach (1944–1995)
  454. Franz Viehböck, first Austrian in space.
  455. / Alexander Viktorenko
  456. Pavel Vinogradov
  457. Roberto Vittori
  458. Igor Volk
  459. Sergey Volkov, first second generation astronaut or cosmonaut in space, son of Alexander Volkov.
  460. *Vladislav Volkov (1935–1971), killed on Soyuz 11.
  461. Alexander Volkov
  462. Boris Volynov, first Jewish person in space.
  463. James Voss
  464. Janice Voss

    W

  465. Koichi Wakata
  466. Rex Walheim
  467. Charles Walker
  468. David M. Walker, (1944–2001)
  469. Joseph A. Walker (1921–1966), first person to enter space twice. Suborbital flights only.
  470. Ulrich Walter
  471. Carl Walz
  472. Taylor Wang, first ethnic Chinese person in space.
  473. Mary Weber
  474. Paul Weitz
  475. James Wetherbee
  476. Edward White (1930–1967), first American to "walk in space" (make an EVA). Died in the Apollo 1 disaster.
  477. Douglas H. Wheelock
  478. Peggy Whitson
  479. Terrence Wilcutt
  480. Dafydd Williams
  481. Donald Williams
  482. Jeffrey Williams
  483. Sunita "Suni" Williams
  484. Stephanie Wilson
  485. Peter Wisoff
  486. David Wolf
  487. Alfred Worden

    Y

  488. Yáng Lìwěi, first Chinese national in space.
  489. Boris Yegorov (1937–1994)
  490. Aleksei Yeliseyev
  491. Yi So-yeon, first South Korean in space.
  492. John Young, flew on two Gemini, two Apollo (Apollo 10 and Apollo 16), and two Space Shuttle missions.
  493. / Fyodor Yurchikhin, First Greek in space, first Georgia-born man in space

    Z

  494. Sergei Zalyotin
  495. George D. Zamka
  496. Zhai Zhigang, first Chinese to walk in space.
  497. Vitaliy Zholobov
  498. Vyacheslav Zudov

See also




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