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LFG Roland D.VI

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roland_D.VI

D.VI
Role Fighter
Manufacturer LFG Roland
First flight 1917
Introduced 1918
Primary user Imperial Germany
Number built 350

The Roland D.VI was a fighter aircraft commissioned by the German Empire during World War I.

The Roland D.VI was developed by the Luft-Fahrzeug-Gesellschaft (L.F.G.), (whose aircraft were made under the trade name "Roland" post-1914 to avoid confusion with the Luftverkehrsgesellschaft m.b.H (L.V.G.)) late in 1917, with the prototype, the 1000th aircraft to be built by L.F.G. first flying in November 1917. The D.VI was a single bay biplane which discarded the so called Wickelrumpf, or semi-monocoque fuselage used in previous L.F.G aircraft such as the Roland C.II, D.I and D.II, in favour of the equally unusual (for aircraft use) Klinkerrumpf (or clinker-built construction where the fuselage was built of overlapping strips of spruce over a light wooden framework.Visibility for the pilot was good, while the aircraft had above average manoeuvrability.

Two D.VIs were entered into the first fighter competition held by Idflieg at Adlershof in January 1918, one powered by a 160 hp (119 kW) Mercedes D.III engine and the other by a Benz D.III of similar power. Although the main winner of the competition was the Fokker D.VII, orders were placed for the Roland as a backup against production problems with the Fokker. A total of 350 were built, of which 150 were of the D.VIa version, powered by the Mercedes engine, while the remaining 200 were powered by the Benz III engine and were designated D.VIb. Deliveries started in May 1918, with 70 D.VIs in frontline service on 31 August 1918.

The Roland offered little better performance than the aircraft that it was meant to replace, however, with 1918 both Allied and German air technology, notably the Pfalz D.XII and Fokker D.VII, had rendered the LFG Roland nearly obsolete.

Operators

 German Empire

Specifications (Roland D.VIb)

Data from The Complete Book of Fighters

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Length: 6.32 m (20 ft 8⅞ in)
  • Wingspan: 9.42 m (30 ft 10⅞ in)
  • Height: 2.80 m (9 ft 2¼ in)
  • Wing area: 22.1 m² (238 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 656 kg (1,446 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 846 kg (1,865 lb)
  • Powerplant:Benz IIIa, 149 kW (200 hp)

Performance

Armament

2 x 7.92 mm LMG08/15 machine guns

See also

Comparable aircraft

Bibliography

External links




Text from Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply.


Published - July 2009














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