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Bombardier CRJ200

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadair_CRJ-100

CRJ100 / CRJ200
A Cimber Air CRJ200 landing at London Heathrow Airport
Role Regional jet
Manufacturer Bombardier Aerospace
First flight 10 May 1991
Introduction 1992 (Lufthansa)
Status In production
Primary users SkyWest Airlines
Comair
Atlantic Southeast Airlines
Pinnacle Airlines
Air Canada Jazz
Number built 1,050+ (Series 100/200)
Unit cost US$24-39.7m as of 2006
Developed from Bombardier Challenger 600
Variants CRJ700/900/1000

The Bombardier CRJ100 and CRJ200 are a family of regional airliner manufactured by Bombardier, and based on the Canadair Challenger business jet.

Development

The aircraft was based on the Canadair Challenger design, which was purchased by Canadair from Learjet in 1976.

The wide fuselage of the Challenger suggested early on to Canadair officials that it would be straightforward to stretch the aircraft to accomomodate more seats, and there was a plan for a Challenger 610E, which would have had seating for 24 passengers. That lengthening didn't occur, the effort being canceled in 1981, but the idea didn't disappear.

In 1987, studies began for a much more ambitious stretched configuration, leading to the formal launch of the Canadair Regional Jet program in the spring of 1989. The "Canadair" name was retained despite the fact that Bombardier had bought out the company. The first of three development machines for the initial CRJ100 performed its first flight on 10 May 1991, though one of the prototypes was lost in a spin mishap in July 1993. The type obtained certification in late 1992, with initial delivery to customers late in that year.

CRJ100


A Lufthansa CRJ100 landing
A Lufthansa CRJ100 landing

CRJ cockpit
CRJ cockpit

Passengers boarding a Maersk Air CRJ100 at Amsterdam Schiphol
Passengers boarding a Maersk Air CRJ100 at Amsterdam Schiphol

Brit Air CRJ100 ER
Brit Air CRJ100 ER

Brit Air CRJ100 landing
Brit Air CRJ100 landing

Comair CRJ100 ER
Comair CRJ100 ER

Air Canada CRJ-200 at Toronto in 1999
Air Canada CRJ-200 at Toronto in 1999

Air Nostrum CRJ200 ER
Air Nostrum CRJ200 ER

The CRJ100 was stretched 5.92 meters (19 feet 5 inches), with fuselage plugs fore and aft of the wing, two more emergency exit doors, plus a reinforced and modified wing. Typical seating was 50 passengers, the maximum load being 52 passengers. The CRJ100 featured a Collins ProLine 4 avionics suite, Collins weather radar, GE CF34-3A1 turbofans with 41.0 kN (4,180 kgp / 9,220 lbf), new wings with extended span, more fuel capacity, and improved landing gear to handle the higher weights. It was followed by the CRJ100 ER subvariant with 20% more range, and the CRJ100 LR subvariant with 40% more range than the standard CRJ100.

CRJ200

The CRJ200 is identical to the 100 model except for more efficient engines.

Pinnacle Airlines had operated some with 44 seats with closets in the forward areas of the passenger cabin though these were converted to 50 seat airplanes. These modifications were designed to allow operations under their major airline contract "scope clause" which restricts major airlines' connection carriers from operating equipment carrying 50 or more passengers to guard against usurpation of Air Line Pilots Association & Allied Pilots Association pilots' union contract. Similarly, Comair's fleet of 40-seat CRJ200s were sold at a discounted price to discourage Comair from purchasing the less expensive and smaller Embraer 135.

As of August 2006 a total of 938 CRJ100 and CRJ200 aircraft (all variants) are in airline service, with 8 further firm orders. Major operators include Comair (143), Pinnacle Airlines (121), SkyWest Airlines (136), Atlantic Southeast Airlines (110), Air Wisconsin (70),, ALMA de Mexico (22), Air Canada Jazz (58), Mesa Airlines (60), Lufthansa CityLine (26), Air Nostrum (35, Plus 7 orders), PSA Airlines (35), Republic Airways Holdings (20), and Mesaba Airlines (19). Some 19 other airlines also operate smaller fleets of the type.

Variants

Several models of the CRJ have been produced, ranging in capacity from 40 to 86 passengers. The Regional Jet designations are marketing names and the official designation is CL-600-2B19.

CRJ100 
The CRJ100 is the original 50-seat version. It is equipped with General Electric CF34-3A1 engines. Operators include Air Canada Jazz, Comair and more.
CRJ200 
The CRJ200 is identical to the CRJ100 except for its engines, which were upgraded to the CF34-3B1 model, offering improved efficiency.
CRJ440 
Similar to CRJ200 but reduced MTOW and capacity for only 40 to 44 passengers. Exclusive customer with 69 aircraft is Pinnacle Airlines operating as Northwest Airlink.
Challenger 800/850 
A business jet variant of the CRJ200

Operators

 Armenia
 Austria
 Bangladesh
 Belarus
 Canada
 Denmark
 France
 Germany
 Hungary
 India
 Italy
 Japan
 Mexico
 People's Republic of China
 Macedonia
 Nigeria
 Slovenia
 South Africa
 Spain
 Turkey
 United Kingdom
 United States
 Uruguay

Incidents and accidents

Specifications

Variant CRJ100 ER/LR CRJ200 ER/LR
Crew 3 (2 pilots + flight attendant)
Seating capacity 50
Length
Wing span
Height
27.77 m (87 ft 10 in)
21.21 m (69 ft 7 in)
6.22 m (20 ft 5 in)
Engines (2x)
Takeoff thrust (2x)
Thrust APR (2x)
GE CF34-3A1
38.83 kN (8,729 lbf)
41.01 kN (9,220 lbf)
GE CF34-3B1
38.83 kN (8,729 lbf)
41.01 kN (9,220 lbf)
Max Zero Fuel Weight (ZFW) 19,958 kg (44,000 lb)
Max payload weight 6,124 kg (13,500 lb)
Max Take Off Weight 24,091 kg (53,000 lb)
Maximum range ER: 3,000 km (1,864 mi, 1,620 nmi)
LR: 3,710 km (2,305 mi, 2,003 nmi)
ER: 3,045 km (1,895 mi, 1,644 nmi)
LR: 3,713 km (2,307 mi, 2,004 nmi)
Basic cruising speed Mach .78 [503 mph, 437 knots] (593.74 mph ground, 516 knots ground)
Flight ceiling 12,496 m (41,000 ft)
Number of Orders 1054
Certification Date unknown July 1992

CRJ200:

Dimensions:

Wing area (net)520.4 ft248.35 m2
Fuselage maximum diameter8 ft 10 in2.69 m
Turning Circle75 ft22.86 m

References

The initial version of this article was based on a public domain article from Greg Goebel's Vectorsite. www.crj.bombardier.com/CRJ/en/home_crj.jsp?langld=en&crjld+1000

See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Related lists

External links




Text from Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply.


Published - July 2009














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