The Sukhoi Superjet 100 is a modern, fly-by-wire regional jet in the 75- to 95-seat category. The Superjet 100 will be produced by Russian aerospace firm Sukhoi's civil division, of which Finmeccanica of Italy owns 25%. The jet is being developed in collaboration with Finmeccanica subsidiary Alenia Aeronautica. Italian design group Pininfarina will design optional interiors.
The Sukhoi Superjet 100 is designed to compete against the Embraer E-Jets and the Bombardier CSeries programs. Sukhoi claims the SSJ will have 10-15% lower operation costs than its Embraer or Bombardier counterparts for the price of $27.8 million
The three variants were originally called the RRJ-60, RRJ-75 and RRJ-95, with the numbers designating the average passenger capacity of each type. However, with the renaming of the project to Superjet 100, the RRJ-75 was relabelled the Superjet 100-75 (or SSJ 100-75 for short), while the RRJ-95 became known as the SSJ 100-95. The smallest variant, called the SSJ 100-60, was temporary postponed, and efforts are currently concentrating on the largest variant, with the smaller SSJ 100-75 to follow later on. Longer variants, called the SSJ 100-110 and the SSJ 100-125, are also planned as well as business, VIP and cargo variants.
The design meets the specific requirements of airlines in Russia, the CIS, and western countries, and conforms to the Aviation Rules AP-25, FAR-25, JAR-25 requirements, and to the ground noise level requirements under ICAO Chapter 4 and FAR 36 Section 4 standards entering into force during 2006.
Development and delivery schedule
The deliveries were scheduled to begin in late 2008, and Sukhoi predicted that 163 units of all variations of the Superjet 100 would be delivered by the end of 2016. On July 7, 2008, Sukhoi officially confirmed that the original schedule was too optimistic, and first deliveries are to be started in the third quarter of 2009.
On 28 January 2007, the first SSJ was transported by an Antonov 124 from Komsomolsk-on-Amur to the city of Zhukovsky near Moscow for ground tests at Zhukovsky Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute. A representative of Sukhoi Civil Aircraft announced on 13 November 2007, the completion of static tests necessary for conducting the first flight.
In the middle of February 2008, the SaM146 initial engine runs went successfully, gearing up for the maiden flight, which was conducted at the Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association on 19 May 2008. The engine test followed a test on an Ilyushin Il-76, a testbed aircraft for the Gromov Flight Research Institute. It is expected to be certified and flying by November.
The jet was unveiled at its official rollout at Dzemgi Airport, Komsomolsk-on-Amur on 26 September 2007. The first test flight took place on 19 May 2008 also at the Dzemgi airport.The first Superjet spent 1 hour 5 minutes in the air, and reached altitude of 1,200 meters.
July 2008, testing continued successfully.
October 2008, the first stage of Sukhoi Superjet 100’s factory-based flight testing program is successfully completed. The second SSJ100 prototype has been powered on. Certification process started.
In December 2008, the second of four SSJ100 prototypes SN95003 took to the skies.The airplane performed traditional stability and handling quality as well as systems’ checks in accordance with the first flight assignment. Flight test engineers and pilots were pleased with the overall performance of the second prototype.
As of January 2009 first two aircraft have completed over 90 flights, totaling 300 hours, engines have accumulated around 2300 hours in flight and ground tests.
On April 1, 2009 two Superjet-100 airplanes, 95001 and 95003, successfully completed the first long-distance flight for this aircraft, covering distance of 3,000 kilometers from Novosibirsk to Moscow.
On April 17, 2009 EASA pilots have performed the first familiarization flights on two Sukhoi Superjet 100 airplanes, S/N 95001 and 95003. According to EASA pilot feedback, the aircraft was easy to fly and comfortable to the pilot.
Malev Hungarian Airlines said at Paris Air Show 2009 that it would purchase 30 Superjets worth $1 billion, providing a welcome boost to the aircraft as it made its international debut at the Paris Air Show 2009.
Armenian Armavia will receive the first two planes, followed by Aeroflot, which has ordered a total of 30 planes with an option for 15 more. Other buyers of the plane include Russia's Avialeasing company, Swiss Ama Asset Management Advisor and Indonesian Kartika Airlines.
As of June 2009, Thirteen planes are currently under construction, and the first four will be handed over to clients by the end of the year. After 2012, the company will build 70 Superjets per year.
The Superjet 100 is undergoing certification process, so no commercial orders have been fulfilled yet.
Orders and options
Published - July 2009
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