Fokker 70 Articles on aviation - Aircraft
airports worldwide
Other aviation articles
Airport photos - free!
Aircraft photos - free!
Spacecraft pics - free!
Airports worldwide
Advertise for free!
Fokker 70

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fokker_70

Fokker 70
Austrian Arrows Fokker 70
Role Airliner
Manufacturer Fokker
First flight April 4, 1993
Introduced October 1994 with Ford Motor Company
Primary users KLM Cityhopper (21)
Austrian Arrows (6)
Malev Hungarian Airlines (5)
Austrian Airlines (3)
Vietnam Airlines (2)
Number built 47 + 1 prototype
Developed from Fokker 100

The Fokker 70 is a 70 seat, twin engine jet airliner developed as a smaller version of the 100 seat Fokker 100 jetliner.

Development

The Fokker company of the Netherlands started to develop the airliner in November 1992 with an aim to replace its aging Fokker F28 airliner, with a more modern and fuel efficient aircraft. The Fokker 70's first flight occurred on April 4, 1993 in the company's base at Woensdrecht in southern Netherlands and had a duration of three hours. After its first flight, the Fokker 70 was taken to Granada, Spain, where many hours were realized in order to obtain the certification at the end of 1994. The first production aircraft flew for the first time in July 1994. Certification was granted on October 14, 1994, while the first delivery of a Fokker 70 to a customer, Ford Motor Company (in an "Executive Jet" configuration), occurred later in the same month.

The development of the Fokker 70 was based on the need of some airlines for which the Fokker 50 or ATR 42 was too small and Boeing 737 or MD-80 too large for their needs. The development consisted in cutting various sections of the fuselage of the Fokker 100, removing 4.62 m of the plane's total length but keeping wings and tail. With these specifications, total capacity is 79 passengers, 70 in the US due more so to meet "scope clause" requirement than to any FAA certification.


KLM Fokker 70 at Leeds Bradford International Airport, UK
KLM Fokker 70 at Leeds Bradford International Airport, UK

The Fokker 70 has two Rolls-Royce TAY 620 place at the back of the fuselage with 61.6 kN (13,849 lbf) of unitary thrust. The weight varies from 22,673 kg (49,985 lb) in empty weight to 36,965 kg (81,494  lb) at maximum weight at take-off.

The avionics is similar to the Fokker 100 but optimized for regional flights. Despite this, the plane is certified to operate in Category II runways.

Most Fokker 70 aircraft were delivered for service in Europe, but in 1995 two aircraft were delivered to America West Express as part of an effort to try to introduce the Fokker 70 to the United States. Although the earlier Fokker 100 did moderately well in the United States with orders from American Airlines and USAir (now US Airways), only two aircraft were delivered for service in the United States. After Fokker's bankruptcy in 1996 ended any hopes of further production for the United States, the two America West Express aircraft became an expensive subfleet and were sent to Europe in 1997, ending the very short tenure of Fokker 70 operation in the United States.

The last Fokker 70 was delivered in April 1997, when the production line closed following Fokker's bankruptcy the previous year, in March 1996. Over the 70's short production life, 47 were built.

Although official production of the Fokker 70 is completed, Rekkof ("Fokker" spelt backwards) has, since 1999, tried to negotiate the re-opening of both the Fokker 100 and Fokker 70 lines. Despite these plans, however, Rekkof is still to re-open production of either type.

Operators


Vietnam Airlines Fokker 70 taxiing at Luang Prabang airport, Laos
Vietnam Airlines Fokker 70 taxiing at Luang Prabang airport, Laos

Of the 47 Fokker 70s built, at May 2007 a total of 39 Fokker 70 aircraft remain in airline service around the world, operating for the following airlines:

Other users:

Specifications

Specs source:

Fokker 70 Fokker 70A (1) Fokker 70 "Executive Jet"
Length: 30.91 m
Seating capacity: 79 70 As desired
Engines: 2 x Rolls-Royce TAY 620 turbofans
Wing area: 93.50 m²
Max takeoff weight: 34,020 kg 32,659 kg
Max cruising speed: Mach 0.77 at 10,688 m
Range: 2,000 km with 9 t of weight
Service ceiling: 35,000 ft (10,700 m)

(1): Specially designed variant for the regional North American market, with less weight without fuel and at landing.

General features

  • Max. passengers: 80
  • Max. capacity: 8,300 kg (18,300 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 38,100 kg (84,000 lb)
  • Max. engine thrust: two Rolls-Royce Tay Mk.620 engines, each 61.6 kN (13,849 lbf)
  • Wingspan: 29.08 m (92 ft 2 in)
  • Length: 30.91 m (101 ft 5 in)
  • Height: 8.51 m (27 ft 11 in)
  • Wing area: 93.5 m² (1006 ft²)
  • Operating empty weight: 22,673 kg (49,985 lb)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 743 km/h (Mach 0.75)
  • Cruise speed: Mach 0.73
  • Max. range: 2,040 km (1,085 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 35,000 ft

Specs source: The Fokker 70

See also

Related development

Related lists

External links




Text from Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply.


Published - July 2009














christianity portal
directory of hotels worldwide
 
 

Copyright 2004-2017 © by Airports-Worldwide.com
Legal Disclaimer