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Timeline of Solar System exploration

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_planetary_exploration

A timeline of Solar System exploration listed by date of spacecraft launch.

Missions in italics are unfinished, i.e. have not yet been designated as successes or failures.

1950s


Sputnik 1 First Earth Orbiter
Sputnik 1 First Earth Orbiter
    • Sputnik 2 - 3 November 1957 - Earth Orbiter
    • Vanguard TV3 - 6 December 1957 - Attempted Earth Orbiter (Launch Failure)
  • 1958
    • Explorer 1 - 1 February 1958 - Earth Orbiter
    • Vanguard 1 - 17 March 1958 - Earth Orbiter
    • Pioneer 0 - 17 August 1958 - Attempted Lunar Orbit (Launch Failure)
    • Luna 1958A - 23 September 1958 - Attempted Lunar Impact? (Launch Failure)
    • Pioneer 1 - 11 October 1958 - Attempted Lunar Orbit (Launch Failure)
    • Luna 1958B - 12 October 1958 - Attempted Lunar Impact? (Launch Failure)
      
Luna 2 First lunar impact
      Luna 2 First lunar impact
    • Pioneer 2 - 8 November 1958 - Attempted Lunar Orbit (Launch Failure)
    • Luna 1959A - 16 June 1959 - Attempted Lunar Impact? (Launch Failure)
    • Luna 1958C - 4 December 1958 - Attempted Lunar Impact? (Launch Failure)
    • Pioneer 3 - 6 December 1958 - Attempted Lunar Flyby (Launch Failure)
  • 1959
    • Luna 1 - 2 January 1959 - Lunar Flyby (Attempted Lunar Impact?) 1st Lunar Flyby
    • Pioneer 4 - 3 March 1959 - Lunar Flyby
    • Luna 2 - 12 September 1959 - 1st Lunar Impact
    • Luna 3 - 4 October 1959 - Lunar Flyby
    • Pioneer P-3 - 26 November 1959 - Attempted Lunar Orbiter (Launch Failure)

1960s

  • 1960
    • Luna 1960A - 15 April 1960 - Attempted Lunar Flyby (Launch Failure)
    • Luna 1960B - 18 April 1960 - Attempted Lunar Flyby (Launch Failure)
    • Pioneer P-30 - 25 September 1960 - Attempted Lunar Orbiter (Launch Failure)
    • Marsnik 1 (Mars 1960A) - 10 October 1960 - Attempted Mars Flyby (Launch Failure)
    • Marsnik 2 (Mars 1960B) - 14 October 1960 - Attempted Mars Flyby (Launch Failure)
    • Pioneer P-31 - 15 December 1960 - Attempted Lunar Orbiter (Launch Failure)

Vostok 1 First manned Earth orbiter
Vostok 1 First manned Earth orbiter
  • 1961
    • Sputnik 7 - 4 February 1961 - Attempted Venus Impact
    • Venera 1 - 12 February 1961 - Venus Flyby (Contact Lost)
    • Vostok 1 - 12 April 1961 - 1st Manned Earth Orbiter
    • Ranger 1 - 23 August 1961 - Attempted Lunar Test Flight
    • Ranger 2 - 18 November 1961 - Attempted Lunar Test Flight
  • 1962
    • Ranger 3 - 26 January 1962 - Attempted Lunar Impact
    • Ranger 4 - 23 April 1962 - Lunar Impact
    • Mariner 1 - 22 July 1962 - Attempted Venus Flyby (Launch Failure)
    • Sputnik 19 - 25 August 1962 - Attempted Venus Flyby

Mariner 2 First Venus flyby
Mariner 2 First Venus flyby
    • Mariner 2 - 27 August 1962 - 1st Successful Venus Flyby - 1st Successful Planetary Encounter
    • Sputnik 20 - 1 September 1962 - Attempted Venus Flyby
    • Sputnik 21 - 12 September 1962 - Attempted Venus Flyby
    • Ranger 5 - 18 October 1962 - Attempted Lunar Impact
    • Sputnik 22 - 24 October 1962 - Attempted Mars Flyby
    • Mars 1 - 1 November 1962 - Mars Flyby (Contact Lost)
    • Sputnik 24 - 4 November 1962 - Attempted Mars Lander
  • 1963
    • Sputnik 25 - 4 January 1963 - Attempted Lunar Lander
    • Luna 1963B - 2 February 1963 - Attempted Lunar Lander (Launch Failure)
    • Luna 4 - 2 April 1963 - Attempted Lunar Lander
    • Cosmos 21 - 11 November 1963 - Attempted Venera Test Flight?
  • 1964
    • Ranger 6 - 30 January 1964 - Lunar Impact (Cameras Failed)
    • Venera 1964A - 19 February 1964 - Attempted Venus Flyby (Launch Failure)
    • Venera 1964B - 1 March 1964 - Attempted Venus Flyby (Launch Failure)
    • Luna 1964A - 21 March 1964 - Attempted Lunar Lander (Launch Failure)
    • Cosmos 27 - 27 March 1964 - Attempted Venus Flyby
    • Zond 1 - 2 April 1964 - Venus Flyby (Contact Lost)
    • Luna 1964B - 20 April 1964 - Attempted Lunar Lander (Launch Failure)
    • Zond 1964A - 4 June 1964 - Attempted Lunar Flyby (Launch Failure)
    • Ranger 7 - 28 July 1964 - Lunar Impact
      
Mariner 4 First Mars flyby
      Mariner 4 First Mars flyby
    • Mariner 3 - 5 November 1964 - Attempted Mars Flyby
    • Mariner 4 - 28 November 1964 - 1st Mars Flyby
    • Zond 2 - 30 November 1964 - Mars Flyby (Contact Lost)
  • 1965
    • Ranger 8 - 17 February 1965 - Lunar Impact
    • Cosmos 60 - 12 March 1965 - Attempted Lunar Lander
    • Ranger 9 - 21 March 1965 - Lunar Impact
    • Luna 1965A - 10 April 1965 - Attempted Lunar Lander? (Launch Failure)
    • Luna 5 - 9 May 1965 - Lunar Impact (Attempted Soft Landing)
    • Luna 6 - 8 June 1965 - Attempted Lunar Lander
    • Zond 3 - 18 July 1965 - Lunar Flyby
    • Luna 7 - 4 October 1965 - Lunar Impact (Attempted Soft Landing)
    • Venera 2 - 12 November 1965 - Venus Flyby (Contact Lost)
      
Luna 9 First lunar lander
      Luna 9 First lunar lander
    • Venera 3 - 16 November 1965 - Venus Lander (Contact Lost) 1st Venus Impact
    • Cosmos 96 - 23 November 1965 - Attempted Venus Lander?
    • Venera 1965A - 23 November 1965 - Attempted Venus Flyby (Launch Failure)
    • Luna 8 - 3 December 1965 - Lunar Impact (Attempted Soft Landing?)
  • 1966
    • Luna 9 - 31 January 1966 - 1st Lunar Lander
    • Cosmos 111 - 1 March 1966 - Attempted Lunar Orbiter?
      
Luna 10 First lunar orbiter
      Luna 10 First lunar orbiter
    • Luna 10 - 31 March 1966 - 1st Lunar Orbiter
    • Luna 1966A - 30 April 1966 - Attempted Lunar Orbiter? (Launch Failure)
    • Surveyor 1 - 30 May 1966 - Lunar Lander
    • Explorer 33 - 1 July 1966 - Attempted Lunar Orbiter
    • Lunar Orbiter 1 - 10 August 1966 - Lunar Orbiter
    • Luna 11 - 24 August 1966 - Lunar Orbiter
    • Surveyor 2 - 20 September 1966 - Attempted Lunar Lander
    • Luna 12 - 22 October 1966 - Lunar Orbiter
    • Lunar Orbiter 2 - 6 November 1966 - Lunar Orbiter
    • Luna 13 - 21 December 1966 - Lunar Lander
  • 1967

Zond 5 First lunar flyby and return to Earth
Zond 5 First lunar flyby and return to Earth
    • Zond 1967A - 28 September 1967 - Attempted Lunar Test Flight (Launch Failure)
    • Surveyor 6 - 7 November 1967 - Lunar Lander
    • Zond 1967B - 22 November 1967 - Attempted Lunar Test Flight (Launch Failure)
  • 1968
    • Surveyor 7 - 7 January 1968 - Lunar Lander
    • Luna 1968A - 7 February 1968 - Attempted Lunar Orbiter (Launch Failure)
    • Zond 4 - 2 March 1968 - Test Flight
    • Luna 14 - 7 April 1968 - Lunar Orbiter
    • Zond 1968A - 23 April 1968 - Attempted Lunar Test Flight? (Launch Failure)
    • Zond 5 - 15 September 1968 - 1st Lunar Flyby and Return to Earth
    • Zond 6 - 10 November 1968 - Lunar Flyby and Return to Earth

Apollo 8 First manned lunar orbiter
Apollo 8 First manned lunar orbiter
    • Apollo 8 - 21 December 1968 - 1st Manned Lunar Orbiter
  • 1969
    • Venera 5 - 5 January 1969 - Venus Probe
    • Venera 6 - 10 January 1969 - Venus Probe
    • Zond 1969A - 20 January 1969 - Attempted Lunar Flyby and Return (Launch Failure)
    • Luna 1969A - 19 February 1969 - Attempted Lunar Rover? (Launch Failure)
    • Zond L1S-1 - 21 February 1969 - Attempted Lunar Orbiter (Launch Failure)
    • Mariner 6 - 25 February 1969 - Mars Flyby
    • Apollo 9 - 3 March 1969 - Manned Lunar Lander (LEM) Flight Test
    • Mariner 7 - 27 March 1969 - Mars Flyby
    • Mars 1969A - 27 March 1969 - Attempted Mars Orbiter (Launch Failure
      
Apollo 11 First manned lunar landing
      Apollo 11 First manned lunar landing
    • Mars 1969B - 2 April 1969 - Attempted Mars Orbiter (Launch Failure)
    • Luna 1969B - 15 April 1969 - Attempted Lunar Sample Return? (Launch Failure)
    • Apollo 10 - 18 May 1969 - Manned Lunar Orbiter
    • Luna 1969C - 14 June 1969 - Attempted Lunar Sample Return? (Launch Failure)
    • Zond L1S-2 - 3 July 1969 - Attempted Lunar Orbiter (Launch Failure)
    • Luna 15 - 13 July 1969 - Lunar Orbiter (Attempted Lunar Lander?)
    • Apollo 11 - 16 July 1969 - 1st Manned Lunar Landing
    • Zond 7 - 7 August 1969 - Lunar Flyby and Return to Earth
    • Cosmos 300 - 23 September 1969 - Attempted Lunar Sample Return?
    • Cosmos 305 - 22 October 1969 - Attempted Lunar Sample Return?
    • Apollo 12 - 14 November 1969 - Manned Lunar Landing

1970s

  • 1970
    • Luna 1970A - 6 February 1970 - Attempted Lunar Sample Return? (Launch Failure)
    • Luna 1970B - 19 February 1970 - Attempted Lunar Orbiter? (Launch Failure)
    • Apollo 13 - 11 April 1970 - Manned Lunar Flyby and Return to Earth (Manned Lunar Landing Aborted)
      
Venera 7 First Venus lander
      Venera 7 First Venus lander
    • Venera 7 - 17 August 1970 - 1st Venus Lander
    • Cosmos 359 - 22 August 1970 - Attempted Venus Probe
    • Luna 16 - 12 September 1970 - 1st Unmanned Lunar Sample Return
    • Zond 8 - 20 October 1970 - Lunar Flyby and Return to Earth
    • Luna 17/Lunokhod 1 - 10 November 1970 - 1st Lunar Rover
  • 1971
    • Apollo 14 - 31 January 1971 - Manned Lunar Landing
    • Mariner 8 - 8 May 1971 - Attempted Mars Orbiter (Launch Failure)
    • Cosmos 419 - 10 May 1971 - Attempted Mars Orbiter/Lander
    • Mariner 9 - 30 May 1971 - 1st Mars Orbiter
    • Mars 2 - 19 May 1971 - Attempted Lander/1st Mars Impact
    • Mars 3 - 28 May 1971 - Mars Orbiter/1st Mars Lander and 1st Mars Atmospheric Probe
    • Apollo 15 - 26 July 1971 - Manned Lunar Landing
    • Luna 18 - 2 September 1971 - Attempted Lunar Sample Return
    • Luna 19 - 28 September 1971 - Lunar Orbiter
  • 1972
    • Luna 20 - 14 February 1972 - Lunar Sample Return
    • Pioneer 10 - 3 March 1972 - 1st Jupiter Flyby and 1st to leave solar system
    • Venera 8 - 27 March 1972 - Venus Probe
    • Cosmos 482 - 31 March 1972 - Attempted Venus Probe
    • Apollo 16 - 16 April 1972 - Manned Lunar Landing
    • Soyuz L3 - 23 November 1972 - Attempted Lunar Orbiter (Launch Failure)
    • Apollo 17 - 7 December 1972 - Last Manned Lunar Landing
  • 1973
    • Luna 21/Lunokhod 2 - 8 January 1973 - Lunar Rover
    • Pioneer 11 - 5 April 1973 - Jupiter/1st Saturn Flyby
    • Skylab - 14 May 1973 - Manned Earth Orbiter
    • Explorer 49 (RAE-B) - 10 June 1973 - Lunar Orbiter/Radio Astronomy
    • Mars 4 - 21 July 1973 - Mars Flyby (Attempted Mars Orbiter)
    • Mars 5 - 25 July 1973 - Mars Orbiter
    • Mars 6 - 5 August 1973 - Mars Lander (Contact Lost)
    • Mars 7 - 9 August 1973 - Mars Flyby (Attempted Mars Lander)
    • Mariner 10 - 4 November 1973 - Venus Flyby/1st Mercury Flyby
  • 1974
    • Luna 22 - 2 June 1974 - Lunar Orbiter
    • Luna 23 - 28 October 1974 - Attempted Lunar Sample Return
  • 1975
    • Venera 9 - 8 June 1975 - 1st Venus Orbiter and Lander
    • Venera 10 - 14 June 1975 - Venus Orbiter and Lander
    • Viking 1 - 20 August 1975 - Mars Orbiter and Lander
    • Viking 2 - 9 September 1975 - Mars Orbiter and Lander
    • Luna 1975A - 16 October 1975 - Attempted Lunar Sample Return?
  • 1976
    • Helios 2 - 15 January 1976 - Closest Solar Approach
    • Luna 24 - 9 August 1976 - Lunar Sample Return
  • 1977
  • 1978

1980s

  • 1981
    • Venera 13 - 30 October 1981 - Venus Orbiter and Lander
    • Venera 14 - 4 November 1981 - Venus Orbiter and Lander
  • 1983
  • 1984
    • Vega 1 - 15 December 1984 - Venus Lander and Balloon/Comet Halley Flyby
    • Vega 2 - 21 December 1984 - Venus Lander and Balloon/Comet Halley Flyby
  • 1985
  • 1988
    • Phobos 1 - 7 July 1988 - Attempted Mars Orbiter/Phobos Landers
    • Phobos 2 - 12 July 1988 - Mars Orbiter/Attempted Phobos Landers
  • 1989

1990s

2000s

  • 2001
  • 2002
    • CONTOUR - 3 July 2002 - Attempted Fly-by of three Comet Nuclei
  • 2003
    • Hayabusa (Muses-C) - 9 May 2003 - Asteroid Lander and Sample Return (expected return June 2010)
    • Mars Exploration Rovers - 10 June/7 July 2003 - Two Mars Rovers
    • Mars Express - 1 June 2003 - Mars Orbiter/Attempted Lander
    • SMART 1 - 27 September 2003 - Lunar Orbiter
  • 2004
    • Rosetta - 2 March 2004 - Comet Orbiter and Lander (expected arrival 2014)
    • MESSENGER - 3 August 2004 - Mercury Orbiter (expected arrival 18 March 2011)
  • 2005
  • 2006
    • New Horizons - 19 January 2006 - Pluto/Charon and Kuiper Belt Flyby (expected arrival 14 July 2015)
    • Hinode - 22 September 2006 - Solar Orbiter
    • STEREO - 26 October 2006 - Two spacecraft, Solar Orbiters
  • 2007
    • Phoenix - 4 August 2007 - Mars Polar Lander
    • Kaguya - 14 September 2007 - Lunar Orbiters
    • Dawn - 27 September 2007 - Asteroid Ceres and Vesta Orbiter (expected arrival at Vesta 2011)
    • Chang'e 1 - 24 October 2007 - Lunar Orbiter
  • 2008
  • 2009
    • Kepler Mission - 7 March 2009 - Extrasolar Terrestrial Planet Detection Mission

Planned or scheduled

See also

External links




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Published - July 2009














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