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List of space agencies

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_space_agencies

This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration.

The name given is the English version, with the native language version below. The acronym given is the most common acronym: this can either be the acronym of the English version (e.g. JAXA), or the acronym in the native language. Where there are multiple acronyms in common use, the English one is given first.

The date of the founding of the space agency is the date of first operations where possible. If the space agency is no longer running, then the date when it was terminated (i.e. the last day of operations) is given. A link to the Agency's primary website is also given.

Color legend

The capabilities of the space agencies are color-coded as follows:      Manned Extraterrestrial Exploration + Operates Space Station + Manned Space Flight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites      Operates Space Station + Manned Space Flight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites      Manned Space Flight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites      Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites      Launch Capability + Operates Satellites      Operates Satellites      None Of The Above

List of space agencies capable of conducting basic space activities

Space agency Country Foun-
ded
Termi-
nated
Capabilities of the space agency
Name Acro-
nym
Astro-nauts Opera-tes Satelli-tes Sound-ing Rockets capable Recove-rable Biolo-gical Sound-ing Rockets capable
Aeronautics and Space Research and Diffusion Center
(Spanish: Centro de Investigación y Difusión Aeronáutico-Espacial)
CIDA-E  Uruguay 5 August 1975  — No No No No
French: Agence Spatiale Algérienne
Arabic: الوكالة الفضائية الجزائرية
(Algerian Space Agency)
ASAL  Algeria 16 January 2002  — No Yes No No
Asia Pacific Multilateral Cooperation in Space Technology and Applications
(Chinese: 亚太空间技术应
用多边合作会议
)
AP-MCSTA February 1992  — No Yes No No
Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum
(Japanese: アジア太平洋地
域宇宙機関会議
)
APRSAF 1993  — No Yes No No
Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization
(Chinese: 亚太空间合作组织)
APSCO 28 October 2005  — No Yes No No
German: Agentur für Luft- und Raumfahrt
(Aeronautics and Space Agency;
also Austrian Space Agency;
(Austrian Solar and Space Agency 1977–1987)
ALR  Austria 12 July 1972  — No No No No
Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Milli Aerokosmik Agentliyinin
(Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency)
AMAKA  Azerbaijan 21 February 1992  — No No No No
Dutch: Belgisch Instituut voor Ruimte-Aëronomie
French: Institut d’Aéronomie Spatiale de Belgique
(Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy)
BIRA
IASB
BISA
 Belgium 25 November 1964  — No No No No
Spanish: Agencia Bolivariana para Actividades Espaciales
(Bolivarian Agency for Space Activities)
ABAE  Venezuela 1 January 2008  — No Yes No No
Portuguese: Agência Espacial Brasileira
(Brazilian Space Agency)
AEB  Brazil 10 February 1994  — Yes Yes Yes Yes
British National Space Centre BNSC  United Kingdom 20 November 1985  — No Yes Yes No
Bulgarian: Българска академия на науките; Институт за космически изследвания
(Space Research Institute; Bulgarian Aerospace Agency)
ИКИ-БАН
SRI-BAS
 Bulgaria 1993  — Yes Yes No No
Canadian Space Agency
French: Agence spatiale canadienne
CSA
ASC
 Canada 1 March 1989  — Yes Yes Yes No
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 中华人民共和国
国家航天局)
CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993  — Yes Yes Yes Yes
Spanish: Comisión Colombiana del Espacio
(Colombian Space Commission)
CCE  Colombia 18 July 2006  — No Yes No No
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation CSIRO  Australia 1926  — No Yes No No
Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems CCSDS 1982  — No No No No
Committee on Space Research COSPAR 1958  — No No No No
Czech: Česká kosmická kancelář
(Czech Space Office)
ČKK
CSO
 Czech Republic Nov 2003  — No No No No
Danish: Danmarks Rumcenter
(Danish National Space Center)
DRC
DNSC
 Denmark 1 Jan 1968 31 Dec 2006 Yes No No No
Danish: Dansk Rumforskningsinstitut
(Danish Space Research Institute)
DRKI
DSRI
 Denmark 1 Jan 2005 31 Dec 2006 No No No No
Danish: Danmarks Tekniske Universitet - Institut for Rumforskning og -teknologi
(Technical University of Denmark - National Space Institut)
DTU Space  Denmark 1 Jan 2006  — Yes No No No
European Space Agency
(French: Agence spatiale européenne)
(German: Europäische Weltraumorganisation)
ESA
ASE
EWO
31 May 1975  — Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ecuadorian Civilian Space Agency
(Spanish: Agencia Espacial Civil Ecuatoriana)
EXA  Ecuador 1 Nov 2007  — Yes No Yes Yes
Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency
(Thai: สำนักงานพัฒนาเทคโน
โลยีอวกาศและภูมิสารสนเทศ
)
GISTDA
สทอภ
 Thailand 2 Nov 2002  — No Yes No No
German: Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt
(German Aerospace Center)
DLR  Germany 1969  — No Yes No No
Hungarian: Magyar Űrkutatási Iroda
(Hungarian Space Office)
MŰI
HSO
 Hungary Jan 1992  — No No No No
Indian Space Research Organization
(Hindi: भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)
ISRO
इसरो
 India August 15, 1969  — Yes Yes Yes Yes
Greek: Ινστιτούτο Διαστημικών Εφαρμογών και Τηλεπισκόπησης
(Institute for Space Applications and Remote Sensing)
ΙΔΕΤ
ISARS
 Greece 1955  — No Yes No No
Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial INTA  Spain 1942  — No Yes Yes No
Iranian Space Agency
(Persian: سازمان فضایی ایران)
ISA  Iran 2004  — No Yes Yes No
Israeli Space Agency
(Hebrew: סוכנות החלל הישראלית‎)
(Arabic: وكالة الفضاء الإسرائيلية‎)
ISA
סל"ה
 Israel April 1983  — No Yes Yes No
Italian Space Agency
(Italian: Agenzia Spaziale Italiana)
ASI  Italy 1988  — Yes Yes Yes No
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
(Japanese: 宇宙航空研究開発機構)
JAXA  Japan 1 October 2003  — Yes Yes Yes No
Kazakh Space Research Institute SRI  Kazakhstan 1991  — No No No No
Korean Committee of Space Technology
(Korean: 조선우주공간기술위원회)
KCST  North Korea 2009?  — No No Yes No
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
(Korean: 한국항공우주연구원)
KARI  South Korea 10 October 1989  — Yes Yes Yes No
Malaysian National Space Agency
(Malay: Agensi Angkasa Negara)
ANGKASA  Malaysia 2002  — Yes Yes No No
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958  — Yes Yes Yes Yes
National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences
(Arabic: الهيئة العامة للاستشعار عن بعد وعلوم الفضاء ‎)
NARRS  Egypt 1994  — No Yes No No
French: Centre National d’Études Spatiales
(National Center of Space Research]])
CNES  France 19 Dec 1961  — Yes Yes Yes No
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Aeroespacial
(National Commission for Aerospace Research and Development)
CONIDA  Peru 11 June 1974  — No No No No
Spanish: Comisión Nacional del Espacio Exterior
(National Commission for Outer Space)
CONEE  Mexico 1976  — No No No No
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales
(National Commission for Space Research)
CNIE  Argentina 1961 1991 No No Yes Yes
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales
(National Space Activities Commission)
CONAE  Argentina 28 May 1991  — No Yes Yes No
Indonesian: Lembaga Antariksa dan Penerbangan Nasional
(National Institute of Aeronautics and Space)
LAPAN  Indonesia 27 Nov 1964  — Yes Yes Yes No
National Remote Sensing Center of Mongolia NRSC  Mongolia 1987  — No No No No
French: Centre national de télédétection
(Arabic: المركز الوطني للإستشعار عن بعد‎)
(National Remote Sensing Center of Tunisia)
CNT  Tunisia 1988  — No No No No
Ukrainian: Національне космічне агентство України
(Russian: Национальное космическое агентство Украины)
(National Space Agency of Ukraine)
НКАУ
НКАУ
NSAU
 Ukraine 2 March 1992  — Yes Yes Yes No
National Space Organization
(Chinese: 國家太空中心)
NSPO  Republic of China (Taiwan) October 1991  — No Yes Yes No
National Space Research and Development Agency NASRDA  Nigeria 1998  — No Yes No No
Dutch: Stichting Ruimteonderzoek Nederland
(Netherlands Institute for Space Research)
SRON  Netherlands 1983  — No No No No
Norwegian: Norsk Romsenter
(Norwegian Space Centre)
NRS
NSC
 Norway 1987  — No Yes Yes No
Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission
(Urdu: پاکستان خلائی و بالافضائی تحقی)
SUPARCO
سپارکو
 Pakistan 16 Sep 1961  — No Yes Yes No
Portuguese: Companhia Espacial Portuguesa
(Portuguese Space Company)
CEP
PSC
 Portugal 1989  — No No No No
Romanian: Agenţia Spaţială Română
(Romanian Space Agency)
ASR
ROSA
 Romania 1991  — No No No No
former Egypt Remote Sensing Center EASRT-RSC  Egypt 1971 1994 No No No No
French: Centre Royal de Télédétection Spatiale
(Arabic: المركز الملكي للإستشعار البعدي الفضائي‎)
(Royal Centre for Remote Sensing)
CRTS  Morocco Dec 1989  — No No No No
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency)
РФКА (Roscosmos)
RFSA
 Russia c.1992  — Yes Yes Yes Yes
Turkish: Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu
(Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey)
TÜBİTAK  Turkey 1991  — No Yes No No
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization SPARRSO  Bangladesh 1980  — No No No No
Polish: Centrum Badań Kosmicznych PAN
(Space Research Centre)
CBK-PAN
SRC
 Poland 1977  — No Yes No No
Space Research Institute of Saudi Arabia
(Arabic: معهد بحوث الفضاء ‎)
KACST-SRI  Saudi Arabia  —  — No Yes No No
Vietnamese: Viện Công nghệ vũ trụ
(Space Technonogy Institute)
CNVT
VAST-STI
 Vietnam 20 Nov 2006  — No Yes No No
Swedish: Rymdstyrelsen
(Swedish National Space Board)
SNSB  Sweden 1972  — No Yes Yes No
Swiss Space Office SSO  Switzerland  —  — No No No No
United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs UNOOSA United Nations 13 Dec 1958  —  —  —  —  —
United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space UNCOPUOS 12 Dec 1959  —  —  —  —  —

List of space agencies capable of conducting intermediate space activities

Space agency Country Foun-ded Termi-
nated
Capabilities of the space agency
Name Acro-nym Launch capable Multiple Satelli-tes Launch capable Operates Extra-errestrial Probe Recove-rable Satellites capable
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 中华人民共和国国家航天局)
CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993  — Yes Yes Yes Yes
European Space Agency
(French: Agence spatiale européenne)
(German: Europäische Weltraumorganisation)
ESA
ASE
EWO
31 May 1975  — Yes Yes Yes No
Iranian Space Agency
(Persian: سازمان فضایی ایران)
ISA  Iran 2004  — Yes No No No
Israeli Space Agency
(Hebrew: סוכנות החלל הישראלית‎)
(Arabic: وكالة الفضاء الإسرائيلية‎)
ISA
סל"ה
 Israel April 1983  — Yes No No No
Indian Space Research Organization
(Hindi: भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)
ISRO
इसरो
 India 15 August 1969  — Yes Yes Yes Yes
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
(Japanese: 宇宙航空研究開発機構)
JAXA  Japan 1 October 2003  — Yes Yes Yes No
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958  — Yes Yes Yes Yes
French: Centre National d’Études Spatiales
(National Center of Space Research)
CNES  France 19 December 1961  — Yes No No No
Ukrainian: Національне космічне агентство України
(Russian: Национальное космическое агентство Украины)
(National Space Agency of Ukraine)
НКАУ
НКАУ
NSAU
 Ukraine 2 March 1992  — Yes Yes No No
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos))
РФКА
RFSA
 Russia ca. 1992  — Yes Yes Yes Yes
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 Yes Yes Yes Yes

List of space agencies capable of conducting advanced space activities

Space agency Country Foun-
ded
Termi-
nated
Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Manned Space-flight capable Space-walk capable Space Rendez-vous and Docking capable Opera-tes Space Station
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 中华人民共和国国家航天局)
CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993  — Yes Yes No No [8]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958  — Yes Yes Yes Yes [20]
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency)
РФКА
RFSA
 Russia ca. 1992  — Yes Yes Yes Yes  
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 Yes Yes Yes Yes  

List of space agencies capable of conducting paramount space activities

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Unmanned Moon Landing capable Circumlunar Manned Spaceflight capable Manned Moon Landing capable Operates Moon Base
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958  — Yes Yes Yes No [20]
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 Yes No No No  

Expected future space agencies

Space agency Country Possible expected date of foundation Current status Ref(s)
Name Acronym
Mexican Space Agency
(Spanish: Agencia Espacial Mexicana)
AEXA or
AEM
 Mexico 2009 Pending confirmation vote in the Chamber of Deputies and an eventual proclamation by the President. [32]
South African National Space Agency SANSA  South Africa 2009 Bill signed by the President [33]
Vietnam Space Commission VNSC  Vietnam  —  — [34]

Highest budget space agencies

The budgets listed are the official budgets from the different space agencies' homepages. Note that the Chinese budget of $500 million is from official figures by Luo Ge, vice administrator of the China National Space Administration. The budget is not normalized to the expenses of space research in each country/region, i.e. higher budget does not mean more activity or better performance in space exploration.

Country Agency Budget
(USD)
 United States NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) $18 100 million
ESA (European Space Agency) $5 030 million
 France CNES (French Space Agency) $2 490 million
 Russia RKA (Russian Federal Space Agency) $2 215 million
 Japan JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) $2 100 million
 Germany DLR (German Aerospace Center) $1 821 million
 Italy ASI (Italian Space Agency) $1 550 million
 India ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) $1 300 million
 China CNSA (China National Space Administration) $500 million
 United Kingdom BNSC (British National Space Centre) $414 million
 Iran ISA (Iranian Space Agency) $400 million
 Canada CSA (Canadian Space Agency) $321 million
 Brazil AEB (Brazilian Space Agency) $294 million
Ukraine NSAU (National Space Agency of Ukraine) $250 million
 Belgium BISA (Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy) $230 million
 Spain INTA (Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial) $175 million
 Netherlands SRON (Netherlands Institute for Space Research) $160 million
 South Korea KARI (Korea Aerospace Research Institute) $150 million
 Switzerland SSO (Swiss Space Office) $110 million
 Sweden SNSB (Swedish National Space Board) $100 million
Entire World All space agencies (Total of listed budgets) $44 400 million

World maps

The nations which have active space agencies. This map follows the key above.

External links




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Published - July 2009














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