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Simferopol International Airport

Simferopol International Airport (Russian: Международный аэропорт «Симферополь», Mezhdunarodnyy aeroport «Simferopol’»; Ukrainian: Міжнародний аеропорт «Сімферополь», Mizhnarodnyy aeroport «Simferopol’»; Crimean Tatar: Aqmescit Halqara Ava Limanı, Акъмесджит Халкъара Ава Лиманы; (IATA: SIP, ICAO: UKFF) (Russian AIP: URFF, УРФФ ) is an airport in Simferopol, de facto the capital of the Republic of Crimea. Built in 1936, the airport today has one international terminal and one domestic terminal.

On 14 May 2015, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine which, de facto, has no control over the airport, voted to rename it Amet-khan Sultan International Airport in memory of Amet-khan Sultan. (Another airport named after Amet-khan Sultan is Uytash Airport located in Makhachkala, Russia.) However, in 2018, Russian citizens voted for the airport to be named after the painter Ivan Aivazovsky.

Since the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation in 2014, the airport is only used for flights to and from Russian airports due to limited international recognition of the annexation.

Simferopol International Airport
Международный аэропорт «Симферополь»
Міжнародний аеропорт «Сімферополь»
Aqmescit Halqara Ava Limanı
SIP logo en.png
Аэропорт Симферополь.jpg
  • IATA: SIP
  • ICAO: UKFF
Summary
Airport type Public
Serves Simferopol, Crimea
Elevation AMSL 597 ft / 182 m
Coordinates 45°03′07″N
33°58′25″E
Website new.sipaero.ru/en/
Map
Simferopol International Airport is located in Crimea

Location of airport in Ukraine
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 3,701 12,142 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers 5,146,095
AIP of the Russian Federation URFF

History

Simferopol International Airport inactive terminal B inside after reconstruction

Simferopol International Airport inactive terminal B inside after reconstruction

Simferopol Airport from above (2012)

Simferopol Airport from above (2012)

Check-in desks and wall with natural plants

Check-in desks and wall with natural plants

On 21 January 1936, the Council of People’s Commissars of the Crimean Autonomous Republic decided to allocate land and begin construction of the Simferopol Airport. Simferopol to Moscow flights began in May 1936. Before the Second World War, regular air travel was established between Simferopol and Kiev, Kharkiv, and other airports. In 1957, a terminal was commissioned. Lighting equipment was installed on a dirt runway and IL-12, IL-14, and Mi-4 aircraft began landing at the airport. In 1960, a concrete runway with an apron and parking areas was constructed. The airport began to operate around the clock and in adverse weather conditions, using new aircraft such as Antonov An-10 and IL-18. In the 1950s and 1960s, the AN-2 carried cargo and passenger flights to regional centers of the Crimea, and the Mi-4 flew to Yalta. In the summer of 1960, a squadron of Tu-104 was organized for the first time in Ukrainian SSR. Starting in 1964, the An-24 was based at the airport.

Construction of the second runway, designed for IL-86, IL-76, IL-62, and Tu-154 aircraft, began in 1977. On 19 May 1982, Simferopol airport was the first in Ukrainian SSR to have a wide-IL-86. In subsequent years, this type of aircraft made an average of 5.6 daily flights to Moscow. In the summer of 1989, the airport was designated as a «western alternate airport» for landing the Buran spacecraft. In the early 2000s, the old runway 01R/19L (length 2700 m, PCN 22/R/B/X/T, accommodating a maximum weight of aircraft of 98 tonnes) was taken out of service because of its insufficient length and strength. Since then, it has been used as taxiway D with a length of 2100 m (the remaining 600 meters are unsuitable for taxiing). The second runway (01/19) is now in operation and is longer, wider and accommodates heavier aircraft.

Following the 2014 Crimean crisis pro-Russian militia forces took control of the airport on 28 February 2014. Crimean airspace was closed and air traffic was disrupted for two days. On 11 March, Russian forces took over the control tower and closed Crimean airspace until the end of week. Ukraine International Flight PS65 was denied landing and diverted to Kiev. With the Russian Takeover of the Airport, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) expressed concerns about the safety of international flights in the region and recommended airlines to avoid Crimean airspace. By the same token on 3 March 2014, the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation (Eurocontrol), who also did not recognize the unilateral takeover of Ukrainian airspace by another country, had confirmed that the majority of transitional air routes have been closed, in accordance with the Chicago Convention. Ukrainian airlines also suspended routes to Simferopol.

Under the Russian control (Russia not being a member of Eurocontrol), the airport operates flights only to destinations in Russia. On June 2014, Prime Minister of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev, signed a Government resolution №960 to open the airport for international flights, however, as of March 2016 no international flights were operated. On 29 July 2014 Rosaviation granted Chechen airline Grozny Avia permission to operate nonstop flights from Simferopol to the Armenian capital of Yerevan and Turkish cities of Istanbul and Antalya. However, these flights were technically domestic since they operated with a stopover in Anapa. Both of the routes were suspended the same year.

In May 2015, the Ukrainian Parliament voted in favor of renaming the Simferopol airport in honor of the Crimean-Tatar war hero Amet-khan Sultan. The airport’s management team has responded that the authority to decree such changes is vested in the Russian government, and that they do not feel the need to respond to the Ukrainian parliament’s ruling. Russian State Duma deputy, Vasiliy Likhachyov, has also released a statement dismissing this ruling as having no official authority.

In May 2016, construction began of a new terminal building, with a larger hall on a wave-like structure and 8 gates for flights.

New Terminal

Check-in zone

Check-in zone

The new terminal was opened on 16 April 2018, with the first arrival at 8:30 AM of Nordwind Airlines from Moscow-Sheremetyevo, followed by other flights. The terminal was previously checked by 400 volunteers on 12 April 2018. The current terminal will be for VIP, business passengers and some space is going to be converted to the trolleybus and bus terminal.

This new terminal is 1 km west from the old terminal, between the main runway and the old one, making the eastern part of the airport useless. Eventually, the old runway (01R/19L) will be reconstructed and the airport will be able to operate with two runways simultaneously, such as Domodedovo Airport. The new terminal has 8 gates to air-bridges and 8 gates to apron buses, 16 escalators and 28 lifts, 55 check-in counters and the airport terminal is able to handle 6 million passenger annually.

Airlines and destinations

From March 2014 onwards, all flights to/from Simferopol Airport with the exception of flights originating from Russia were cancelled due to Crimea’s disputed status. A flight to Istanbul, Turkey, was operated on 19 July 2014, and a flight to Yerevan, Armenia, was operated on 16 November 2014 by Grozny Avia, a Chechen airline. Technically both of these flights were not international because they had a stopover in Anapa Airport.

Dobrolyot, a Russian government-owned low-cost airline, was sanctioned by the European Union for operating flights to Simferopol. The airline was forced to close less than two months after it started operations.

Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo (begins 30 March 2020), Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Seasonal: Krasnodar
Alrosa Seasonal: Novosibirsk, Ufa
Azimuth Elista, Krasnodar, Mineralnye Vody, Rostov-on-Don
IrAero Saratov
Izhavia Seasonal: Cheboksary, Kirov, Nizhnekamsk, Penza
Kosmos Airlines Seasonal: Novokuznetsk, Tomsk
Kostroma Avia Seasonal: Kostroma, Voronezh
Nordwind Airlines Seasonal: Ufa
Pegas Fly Seasonal: Belgorod (begins 2 June 2020), Cheboksary (begins 1 June 2020), Kirov (begins 3 June 2020), Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Magnitogorsk (begins 2 June 2020), Novosibirsk, Ulyanovsk (begins 5 June 2020), Volgograd (begins 3 June 2020)
Red Wings Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo, Saint Petersburg
Seasonal: Omsk, Tomsk, Tyumen, Ufa
RusLine Voronezh
Seasonal: Kursk, Penza, Ulyanovsk, Volgograd
S7 Airlines Irkutsk (begins 25 April 2020), Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: Novosibirsk
Severstal Air Company Seasonal: Cherepovets, Petrozavodsk
Smartavia Seasonal: Arkhangelsk, Cheboksary, Moscow–Domodedovo, Syktyvkar, Ufa, Volgograd, Voronezh
Ural Airlines Belgorod, Kazan, Kemerovo, Kirov, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Magnitogorsk, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Murmansk, Nizhnevartovsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Omsk, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Yekaterinburg
Seasonal: Chelyabinsk, Moscow–Zhukovsky, Rostov-on-Don
UVT Aero Bugulma
Seasonal: Ufa
Yakutia Airlines Seasonal: Irkutsk, Krasnodar, Mineralnye Vody, Moscow–Vnukovo, Yakutsk
Yamal Airlines Tyumen
Seasonal: Kursk, Moscow–Domodedovo, Nizhnevartovsk, Omsk, Surgut

Statistics

Annual traffic

Annual Passenger Traffic
Year Passengers % Change
2009
751,000
- 12.2%
2010
845,000
+ 12%
2011
964,000
+ 14.9%
2012
1,114,000
+ 15.6%
2013
1,204,000
+ 8.9%
2014
2,800,000
+ 133%
2015
5,017,758
+ 79%
2016
5,201,690
+ 3.7%
2017
5,128,738
- 1.4%
2018
5,146,095
+ 0.3%

Ground transportation

Trolleybus Route 9 runs from the airport to the Simferopol Railway station (and Kurortnaya bus station).

In 2015, a new direct express route has been launched. 24-hour Transexpress buses and trolleybuses connect the airport with the Simferopol Railway station in the city centre. The route was launched in May 2015 by Crimean Trolleybus, and runs every 10 minutes without stops in both directions.

Intercity trolleybus routes 54 and 55 run to the cities of Alushta, Yalta and resorts between them on the Southern Coast of Crimea. Route #55 Simferopol — Yalta, reestablished in April 2014, is known to be the world’s longest trolleybus route.

The airport is connected with Sevastopol Bus Station by direct bus route.

Simferopol International Airport

Simferopol International Airport

Simferopol International Airport

Simferopol International Airport

Simferopol International Airport

Simferopol International Airport

Simferopol International Airport

Simferopol International Airport

Simferopol International Airport

Simferopol International Airport

Simferopol International Airport

Simferopol International Airport

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General Info
Country Ukraine
ICAO ID UKFF
Time UTC+2(+3DT)
Latitude 45.052222
45° 03' 08.00" N
Longitude 33.975139
033° 58' 30.50" E
Elevation 639 feet
195 meters
Type Civil
Magnetic Variation 005° E (01/06)
Operating Agency CIVIL GOVERNMENT, (LANDING FEES AND DIPLOMATIC CLEARANCE MAY BE REQUIRED)
Operating Hours 24 HOUR OPERATIONS
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry
Daylight Saving Time Last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October


Communications
TWR 120.8
OPS 131.625
GND 119.0
ATIS 127.2
RADAR 124.7
119.3
Communications Remarks
OPS At least 30 min before ETA, provide the number of passengers, luggage, and otherpertinent information to Simferopol Operations Control.


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
01L/19R 12142 x 197 feet
3701 x 60 meters
CONCRETE. 053RBXT YES


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
VOR-DME SMF SIMFEROPOL 113X 116.6 At Field -


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel Jet A1, without icing nhibitor.
Other Fluids OX, Indicates oxygen servicing when type of servicing is unknown


Remarks
CSTMS/IMG avbl
FLUID OX
FUEL (NC-A1)



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