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Myrhorod Airport

Myrhorod Airport (Ukrainian: Аеропорт «Миргород») (IATA: MXR) is an airport located approximately 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) southeast of Myrhorod, in the Poltava region of Ukraine. The date the airfield was constructed is not known.

Myrhorod Airport
Аеропорт «Миргород»
Airport, Airport Overview JP7207494.jpg
  • IATA: MXR
  • ICAO: none
Summary
Airport type Public/military (Soviet Air Forces, now Ukrainian Air Force)
Serves Myrhorod, Poltava Oblast, Ukraine
Coordinates 49°55′54″N
033°38′22″E
Map
MXR is located in Ukraine

MXR
Location of Myrhorod Airport in Ukraine
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04/22 2,500 8,202 Concrete

History

In May 1944 the airfield was provided to the United States Army Air Forces as a heavy bomber staging field. It was used by the Eighth and Fifteenth Air Forces for shuttle bombing missions during June through September 1944 (Operation Frantic).

Myrhorod was designated as USAAF Station 561 for security purposes and was referred to as Station 561 in all messages and written correspondence. Myrhorod was one of three Ukraine installations operated by Headquarters, Eastern Command, United States Strategic Air Forces. The others were nearby Poltava, where USAAF Eastern Command Headquarters was located, and Pyriatyn.

Aircraft would land at the field from either Great Britain or Southern Italy after attacking Axis targets in Eastern Europe. The aircraft would refuel and rearm at the airport, then attack other targets on return missions to Southern Italy.

Shuttle bombing operations under Operation Frantic ended in September 1944, and the Americans consolidated operations at Poltava for the remainder of the war.

On the night of 21 June 1944, the field was targeted by a massive German strike force. Unable to find Myrhorod, this force augmented the bombers attacking Poltava. The next night, however, the Germans bombed Myrhorod. By then, flyable aircraft had been evacuated from the field, and the losses were confined to fuel and ammunition stores.

After the war, the airfield was rebuilt and used as a Soviet Air Forces base. Dispersal hardstands were attached to each end of a new single runway, expanded for jet aircraft use, along with a large aircraft parking ramp, with at least six hangars. The 831st Fighter Aviation Regiment (138th Fighter Aviation Division) arrived at the base in 1977, transferred from Boryspil in Kyiv Oblast.

Today it is home to the 831st Tactical Aviation Brigade, Air Command Centre, Ukrainian Air Force. It is also used for civil transportation.

Myrhorod Airport

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