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King Abdulaziz Intl Airport

King Abdulaziz International Airport
مطار الملك عبدالعزيز الدولي
Airport type Military/Public
Operator General Authority of Civil Aviation
Serves Jeddah
Hub for Saudi Arabian Airlines
Elevation AMSL 48 ft / 15 m
Coordinates 21°40′46″N 039°09′24″E / 21.67944°N 39.15667°E / 21.67944; 39.15667Coordinates: 21°40′46″N 039°09′24″E / 21.67944°N 39.15667°E / 21.67944; 39.15667
Direction Length Surface
ft m
16L/34R 13,124 4,000 Asphalt
16C/34C 10,825 3,299 Concrete
16R/34L 12,467 3,800 Asphalt

King Abdulaziz International Airport (KAIA) (Arabic: مطار الملك عبدالعزيز الدولي‎) (IATA: JED , ICAO: OEJN) is an aviation facility located 19 km to the north of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Named after King Abdulaziz Al Saud, the airport is Saudi Arabia's third largest air facility. The airport occupies an area of 15 square kilometers. This includes besides the airport proper along with a royal terminal, facilities of the Royal Saudi Air Force and housing facilities for the airport staff.

Construction work of KAIA airport began in 1974, and was finalized in 1980. Finally, on May 31, 1981, the airport opened for service after having been officially inaugurated in April 1981.

Because of Jeddah's closeness to Islam's holy city of Mecca/Makkah, the airport stands for one feature in particular: the Hajj Terminal specially built to handle foreign pilgrims destined for Makkah to take part in the rituals associated with the annual Hajj. Many airlines from Muslim and non-Muslim countries have used the Hajj Terminal, providing the capacity needed to carry pilgrims to Saudi Arabia. It was designed by Fazlur Rahman Khan of the architectural firm Skidmore, Owings and Merrill LLP (SOM)

The North Terminal at Jeddah airport is used by all foreign airlines. The South Terminal was reserved for the exclusive use of Saudi Arabian Airlines until 2007 when also the privately owned Saudi carriers Nas Air and Sama Airlines were given permission to use this terminal. Jeddah-KAIA airport serves as a major hub for Saudi Arabian Airlines.

The Jeddah airport Hajj Terminal is estimated to be, at five million square feet (465,000 m²), among the world's largest air terminals after Beijing Capital International Airport, Dubai International Airport and Hong Kong International Airport. It covers over 100 acres (405,000 m²) and is known for its tent-shaped roof. Terminal 3's roof is not actually a tent, but a white colored fiberglass. The Hajj Terminal offers pilgrims many facilities, including a mosque, and can accommodate 80,000 travelers at the same time.


Over 10 million passengers use Jeddah-KAIA airport every year.

Statistics for King Abdulaziz International Airport
Year Total Passengers Total Aircraft Movements
1999 10,149,000 73,747
2000 10,465,000 72,702
2001 10,037,000 70,232
2002 10,349,000 70,932
2003 10,848,000 72,384
2010 ESTIMATE 15,248,000 100,384

New Jeddah International Airport

The new development will take place in three stages starting in September 2006, the first of which could be completed in five years. Four new terminal buildings, a high-speed rail link and a capacity for up to 80 million passengers a year are among the targets proposed for the new Jeddah international airport. The project is designed to increase the airport’s capacity initially from 13 million passengers by 30 million passengers each year. The expansion includes airfield hard standing and paved areas, lighting, fuel network systems and storm water drainage network. There will also be a newly constructed support services building, renovation of the existing South and North Terminals and upgrades to the existing runway and airfield systems to accommodate the Airbus A380. The three stages, according to GACA – the General Authority of Civil Aviation of Saudi Arabia, will be marked by staged capacity increase to 30mn / 60mn and 80mn passengers per year. Based on current traffic increases, the existing South Terminal will need to serve about 21 million passengers per year over the next 20 years to meet growing demand. The project has reached the final stages of planning and design, and King Abdullah, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques has approved a budget of SR4 billion to build the futuristic new airport to international standards.

Abdullah Al-Rehaimy, president of the General Authority of Civil Aviation, has said that the project will be built by local companies.

The four new crescent-shaped passenger halls will be located to the south of the current international terminal which will be undergoing renovation at the same time. Talal Saaty, speaking at a presentation of the project to Jeddah Governor Prince Mishaal ibn Majed, said that work on the improvements could start as early as this coming September. Operational capacity for the airport, he said, would increase, and denied that upgrading work would hamper traffic throughput. Work on renewing and upgrading the facilities, he said, would be timed to avoid peak traffic flow. Access to the new terminals is still in the planning and purchasing stage. An extension of Prince Majed Street will make access direct and easy; the municipality is currently investigating the location of land needed for the proposed extension and is addressing the problem of the compulsory purchase of property and compensation.

Southward, Prince Majed Street will connect to the Al-Laith Highway, forming a fast north-south transit route. As well as much improved road access, plans have been made for a high-speed rail link serving the airport. Starting at Prince Majed Street, the link will run into the airport and hook up with terminals.

Passenger Facilitation

Despite serving a large number of international airlines, the airport can be inconvenient as a transit facility for international passengers. For example, passengers arriving at the North terminal and connecting to a Saudi Arabian Airlines flight have to travel 20 km to the South terminal.

Airlines and destinations

South Terminal
South Terminal
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Afriqiyah Airways Tripoli North
Air Algérie Algiers, Oran North
Air Arabia Sharjah North
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle North
Air India Delhi, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kozhikode, Mumbai North
Alexandria Airlines Alexandria-Borg el Arab North
AlMasria Universal Airlines Alexandria-Borg el Arab North
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul North
Bahrain Air Bahrain North
Batavia Air Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta North
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet North
bmi London-Heathrow North
British Airways London-Heathrow North
Cathay Pacific Airways Hong Kong North
China Southern Airlines Beijing-Capital [begins 31 October] North
Cyprus Airways Larnaca North
Daallo Airlines Hargiesa, Djibouti, Mogadishu North
EgyptAir Alexandria-El Nouzha, Cairo North
EgyptAir Express Sharm el-Sheikh North
Emirates Dubai North
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi North
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa North
Garuda Indonesia Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta North
Gulf Air Bahrain North
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khoemeini North
Jazeera Airways Kuwait North
Jet2 Leeds-Bradford [Hajj charters only]] North
Jet Airways Mumbai North
Jubba Airways Mogadishu North
Kabo Air Abuja, Kano North
Kuwait Airways Kuwait North
Libyan Airlines Tripoli North
Lion Air Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta North
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Sana'a North
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini North
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur North
Middle East Airlines Beirut North
Nas Air Abu Dhabi, Aleppo, Alexandria-Borg el Arab, Amman, Assiut, Beirut, Damascus, Dammam, Gassim, Hail, Khartoum, Kuwait, Latakia, Mumbai, Riyadh, Sana'a, Sharjah, Sharm el-Sheikh, Wadi ad-Dawasir South
Nasair Asmara North
Oman Air Muscat North
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Sialkot North
Pamir Airways Kabul North
Qatar Airways Doha North
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca North
Royal Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan North
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia North
Saudi Arabian Airlines Abha, Abu Dhabi, Addis Ababa, Alahsa, Al Baha, Alexandria-El Nouzha, Algiers, Amman, Arar, Asmara, Athens, Bahrain, Bangalore, Beijing-Capital, Beirut, Bisha, Cairo, Casablanca, Chennai, Colombo, Damascus, Dammam, Dawadmi, Delhi, Dhaka, Doha, Dubai, Frankfurt, Gassim, Geneva, Gurayat, Hafar Al-Batin, Hail, Hong Kong, Hyderabad, Islamabad, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jakarta, Jizan, Jouf, Kano, Karachi, Kochi, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, Lahore, London-Heathrow, Medina, Madrid, Malaga, Manchester, Manila, Milan-Malpensa, Mumbai, Muscat, Najran, Nairobi, New York-JFK, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Peshawar, Qaisumah, Rafha, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Sana'a, Sharjah, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sharurah, Singapore, Tabuk, Taif, Tehran-Imam Khoemeini, Tunis, Turaif, Wadi ad-Dawasir, Washington-Dulles, Wedjh, Yanbu South
Singapore Airlines Singapore North
Sri Lankan Airlines Colombo North
Sudan Airways Khartoum North
Syrian Air Aleppo, Damascus North
Tair Airways Clark, Manila North
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk North
Tunisair Tunis North
Toumai Air Tchad N'djamena North
Wataniya Airways Kuwait North
Yemenia Aden, Sana'a North

Incidents and accidents

  • On 25 September 1959, a Saudi Arabian Airlines reg HZ-AAF Douglas DC-4/C-54A-5-DO crashed shortly after take-off from Jeddah. The cause of the accident was pilot error followed by a stall. All 67 passengers and 5 crew survived.
  • On 11 July 1991, Nationair Flight 2120, a Douglas DC-8-61 suffered cabin pressure problems followed by a fire due to a failed landing gear. The pilots tried to return to the airport but failed to reach the airport as the plane crashed killing all 247 passengers and 14 crew.
  • On 1 March 2004, PIA Flight 2002, an Airbus A300B4-200 burst 2 tires whilst taking off from King Abdulaziz International Airport. Fragments of the tire were ingested by the engines, this caused the engines to catch fire and an aborted takeoff was performed. Due to the fire substantial damage to the engine and the left wing caused the aircraft to be written off. All 261 passengers and 12 crew survived.

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General Info
Country Saudi Arabia
Time UTC+3
Latitude 21.679564
21° 40' 46.43" N
Longitude 39.156536
039° 09' 23.53" E
Elevation 48 feet
15 meters
Type Joint (Civil and Military)
Magnetic Variation 002° E (01/06)
Beacon Yes
Alternate Name JEDDAH
Near City Jeddah
Operating Hours 24 HOUR OPERATIONS
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry

GND 121.6
ATIS 114.9

ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
16C/34C 10825 x 197 feet
3299 x 60 meters
16R/34L 12467 x 197 feet
3800 x 60 meters
16L/34R 12106 x 148 feet
3690 x 45 meters

Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid

Fuel JP-4, Wide cut turbine fuel MIL Spec T-5624

Jet A1, without icing nhibitor.

100/130 MIL Spec, low lead, aviation gasoline (BLUE)

CAUTION Unctl veh crossing some twy. Bird haz.
FUEL A1 (Arabian Petroleum Supply Co. Fone C966-2-685-7777) (NC-100LL, J4)
RSTD Ovft of city proh blw 5000'.

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