Bergen Airport, Flesland (Norwegian: Bergen lufthavn, Flesland) (IATA: BGO, ICAO: ENBR) is the airport in Bergen, Norway, located 6.5 NM (12.0 km; 7.5 mi) southwest of the city. It was opened in 1955, and built with funds from NATO. It has functioned as a combined civil and military airport since its opening. Flesland is owned and operated by Avinor.
Flesland is Norway's second largest airport, serving 4,852,740 passengers in 2007. Seven airlines offer domestic flights to 16 destinations while eight airlines offer flights to 43 international destinations, including daily flights to Aberdeen, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Frankfurt, London and Stockholm. Some of the traffic comes from Flesland's role as a hub for regional traffic from Sogn og Fjordane, with many flights with 37 seat Dash 8 airplanes operated by Wideroe and ATR 42 planes by Danish Air Transport. The old terminal has been converted to a heliport, which primarily serves oil platforms in the North Sea. Still, the most important route is the one to Oslo, with about 35 daily flights with Boeing 737 aircraft operated by Norwegian and Scandinavian Airlines. This route is the seventh busiest in Europe.
Its current terminal was designed by the local architect Halfdan Grieg and was opened in 1988. The same architect also designed the old terminal. The terminal has 11 gates with jetbridges, numbered 21-32 (gate 30 is for airplanes on the apron). The terminal is built so that opening and closing doors can convert gates between domestic and international traffic. However, the gates are generally divided into a domestic and international area, although the boundary can change according to needs.
Gate 21 is at the southeast end of the terminal, the remaining gates are then numbered clockwise around the terminal, finishing with gate 32 at the northeast end.
Gate 24 is the only gate which can serve class E (i.e. wingspan of 52-65 m (170-210 ft)) aircraft such as the Airbus A340 or Boeing 747.
In addition to the parking spaces with jetbridges, there are 11 parking spots for aircraft on the apron.
All passengers travelling on international flight must pass through the duty free shop in order to get to their flight. There is a possibility for some passengers (for example, those allergic to perfume) to ask security to use a narrow coridor which bypasses the shop. Nonetheless, the layout has been criticized by teetotalist organizations. The airport's response is that the layout was needed due to the terminal's small size. The shop has also been criticized for informing passengers who purchase less than their permitted tax-free quota of alcohol that they are allowed to purchase more. The Norwegian Directorate for Health and Social Affairs indicated that this may violate the ban on alcohol advertising.
The old airline terminal built in 1955, located 250 m (820 ft) north of the airline terminal, is still used for helicopter traffic, mainly to the North Sea. There were 230,000 helicopter passengers in 2007. There are in all ten parking spots for helicopters, of which seven are used daily for embarkation and disembarkation, one is used to bring maritime pilots out to ships, while two are used for maintenance.
In addition to housing the helicopter terminal, the airport accommodates the airport's administration offices. Avinor noted that the old building is somewhat delapidated with poor ventilation and some leaks.
The first steps towards an airport at Flesland were taken in 1937 when parts of the farm Flesland were expropriated by the City. In 1952 the authorities decided to build an airport there, and in 1955 it was finished with a runway at 2,999 m (9,840 ft). The original airport was primarily financed by NATO. A new terminal opened in 1988 and a new tower in 1991.
Avinor has decided to use 461 million NOK to upgrade the airport, with among other things extension of the international terminal, better aircraft parking, change to the taxiways, new operational buildings, deicing platform, ground radar, secondary radar and runway center lights.
Terminal building opening hours
Contact Avinor at Bergen Airport
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The content above was published at Airports-Worldwide.com in 2009.
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