Erbil Intl Airport Iraqi airports - Erbil Intl Airport
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Erbil Intl Airport

Erbil International Airport
Firokaxaney Nêwdewletî Hewlêr
فڕۆکه‌خانه‌ی نێوده‌وڵه‌تی هه‌ولێر
Erbil International Airport
Airport type Public گشتی
Operator Kurdistan Regional Government حکومه‌تی هه‌ريمی کوردستان
Serves Erbil هه‌ولير
Location Ankawa عه‌نکاوه ‌
Elevation AMSL 1,341 ft / 409 m
Coordinates 36°14′15″N 043°57′47″E / 36.2375°N 43.96306°E / 36.2375; 43.96306 (Erbil International Airport)Coordinates: 36°14′15″N 043°57′47″E / 36.2375°N 43.96306°E / 36.2375; 43.96306 (Erbil International Airport)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
15/33 2,803 9,197 Asphalt
18/36 4,800 15,748 Concrete

Erbil International Airport (IATA: EBL, ICAO: ORER), is the main airport of Erbil (also written Arbil or Irbil, Hewlêr in Kurdish) in the Kurdistan Autonomous Region.

It is administered by the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) under a special committee consisting of the Prime Minister, Barham Salih, and is one of two international airports in Kurdistan. The new modern airport opened its doors in 2010.

Currently, Irbil International Airport offers the least expensive aviation fuel in Iraq. It is more expensive in Baghdad even though a refinery (Dora) is much closer. As of 2010, the EIA selling price is 83 US cents per litre. In Baghdad, it is 94 US cents per litre. Iraqi aviation fuel is more expensive than in any surrounding country. Plans are being made for EIA to offer among the least expensive fuel in the Middle East and perhaps in the world at less than 50 US cents per litre.


The airport was originally built at the beginning of the 1970s as an Iraqi military base. The airstrip was used as a military base until 1991 by the Baath regime. After the 2003 Iraq War, the Kurdistan Regional Government took over administrative rule of the region. On 26 May 2005, the airport was given the ICAO airport code, ORER.

Erbil International Airport
Erbil International Airport

Endowed with natural resources including oil, natural gas and other minerals, investment in Kurdistan is growing rapidly. The city of Erbil has been the recipient of foreign investments. Due to the growing need for safe access into the country, the Kurdistan Regional Government, under the leadership of then Prime Minister have invested US$500 million in the construction of a new and modern airport.

Old airport

The old Erbil International Airport
The old Erbil International Airport

The old airport of Erbil International Airport covered 7,000 m (75,000 sq ft), and was divided into departure and arrival halls. It had 3 gates and the runway, which was originally intended for military purposes, was 2,800 m (9,200 ft) long and was provided with an ILS system. Its services included the Kurdistan International Bank, a Tourism Information office, the airline companies offices, duty-free shops, a cafeteria, and the Korek Telecom office.

The warehouse offered cargo space amounting to 4,320 m (46,500 sq ft) and consisted of an import and an export section. The cargo is handled by Dnata, an experienced, professional Dubai company. Dnata also does ground handling at airports in other countries, including the UK, Switzerland, and Australia.

New Airport

The new Irbil International Airport was designed by the Scott Wilson Group. The main contractor was Makyol Cengiz based in Turkey, in cooperation with the Ministry of Municipalities.

Built next to the old airport, the new airport is a fresh and modern design and places the city of Irbil back into its historical position at the intersection between east and west of the old Silk Road.

At 4,800 × 75 m (15,748 × 246 ft), the airport has one of the longest runways in the world. The new airport has a central (main) terminal for both arrivals and departures. There are two wings with 16 gates, 6 with passenger boarding bridges (air bridges, jetways). The excellent new facilities were designed to handle 1.5 to 3 million passengers per year.

All IIA air traffic controllers (ATCs) are local staff trained in Jordan, Sweden, or South Korea. They must pass both an annual technical and physical examination, and are licensed by the Iraqi Civil Aviation Authority (ICAA) in Baghdad.

A team of specialists from the Incheon International Airport Corporation (IIAC) in South Korea, one of the top three airports in the world during the past five years, is a partner in developing the technical capacities of IIA staff. Their high levels of expertise, meticulous analysis and planning, quiet operating style, and hard working nature have made them mentors and models to follow. Technical training and skill transfer are in progress.

A communications program has begun to develop supportive attention to greatly expand EIA activities that serve the best interests of the people of the Kurdistan Region and visitors. Children are the future of the Kurdistan Region and they are in the forefront of this campaign. So far, over 15 school groups have visited the new airport to receive instruction on how to conduct themselves when they have the opportunity to become passengers. Most have never travelled outside the region; they have never been to an airport. They come from not only Kurdish schools, but also from Arabic, Turkmani, and Assyrian (Christian) schools. This program will continue throughout the year when schools are in session.

The new IIA airport is making progress towards becoming IATA certified.

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
Air Berlin Düsseldorf, Munich
Air Sweden Stockholm-Arlanda
Amsterdam Airlines Amsterdam [begins 30 October]
Atlasjet Istanbul-Atatürk
Iraqi Airlines Vienna
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Flydubai Dubai
Gulf Air Bahrain
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Royal Jordanian Amman
Viking Airlines Birmingham, Gothenburg, Malmö, Stockholm-Arlanda
Viking Hellas Athens, Frankfurt [begins 2 November], Istanbul-Ataturk [begins 2 November]
Iraqi Airways Baghdad, Najaf, Dubai, Jedda, Amman

Cargo airlines

Airlines Destinations
RUS Aviation
DHL Aviation
Etihad Crystal Cargo
Jordan International Air Cargo

The above content comes from Wikipedia and is published under free licenses – click here to read more.

General Info
Country Iraq
Time UTC+3(+4DT)
Latitude 36.237611
36° 14' 15.40" N
Longitude 43.963158
043° 57' 47.37" E
Elevation 1341 feet
409 meters
Type Civil
Magnetic Variation 004° E (01/06)
Beacon Yes
Operating Hours 24 HOUR OPERATIONS
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry

TWR 128.8
KIRKUK 129.75

ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
15/33 9197 x 95 feet
2803 x 29 meters
4085 x 105 feet
1245 x 32 meters
13890 x 225 feet
4234 x 69 meters

FUEL A1. AvCard Skylink, (US fone) C703-318-4000, (ramp office) C011-964-7901-909-452. Avbl SR-SS only.
MISC Afld ctc Email:, fone: C 003248459767 or C 008821667700111.
RSTD PPR rqr. VFR opr only. PPR and RAMCC slot time apv processes, as defined in the IZ AIP, still apply.
RWY No twy, back taxi on rwy.

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