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Baghdad Intl Airport

Baghdad International Airport
مطار بغداد الدولي
Airport type Public / Military
Operator Iraqi Government / United States Air Force
Location Baghdad, Iraq
Elevation AMSL 114 ft / 35 m
Coordinates 33°15′45″N 044°14′04″E / 33.2625°N 44.23444°E / 33.2625; 44.23444
Direction Length Surface
ft m
15R/33L 10,830 3,301 Concrete
15L/33R 13,124 4,000 Concrete
Statistics (2009)
Total Passengers 600,000 (estimate)
Source: DAFIF

Inside view of the terminal, showing an abandoned and nonfunctioning FIDS (note that it still shows Interflug in the fourth row from the bottom) in front of empty check-in desks and passport control.

Baghdad International Airport, originally Saddam International Airport, (IATA: BGW, ICAO: ORBI) (Arabic: مطار بغداد الدولي‎), BIAP is Iraq's largest airport, located in a suburb about 16 km (10 miles) west of downtown Baghdad in the Baghdad Governorate. It is the home base for Iraq's national airline, Iraqi Airways.



The entrance when the airport was called Saddam International Airport
The entrance when the airport was called Saddam International Airport

Saddam International Airport was constructed with the assistance of French firms between 1979 and 1982 at a cost of over US$900 million. Then-Iraqi President Saddam Hussein authorized the airport's construction and had it named after himself. As a result the airport's three-letter IATA code became SDA.

Designed to accommodate both civil and military operations, Baghdad International can handle up to 7.5 million passengers per year in aircraft of all sizes. The passenger terminal consists of three gate areas. These were originally named after the cities of the ancient empires that once existed in present-day Iraq: Babylon, Samarra, and Nineveh. They are now simply called A, B and C.

The airport also had its own VIP terminal, which had a luxuriously furnished and decorated lounge, conference room and bedroom. This terminal is a VIP terminal, to welcome foreign leaders and other people of significance.

Baghdad International Airport was once served by several international airlines.


The current entrance to Baghdad International Airport. (2007)
The current entrance to Baghdad International Airport. (2007)

Most of Baghdad's civil flights stopped in 1991, when the United Nations imposed restrictions on Iraq after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait during the Persian Gulf War. Because of the no-fly zone imposed on Iraq by the United States and the United Kingdom, Iraqi Airways was only able to continue domestic flights for limited periods. Internationally, Baghdad was able to receive occasional charter flights carrying medicine, aid workers, and government officials. Royal Jordanian Airlines operated regular flights from Amman to Baghdad. The Royal Jordanian planes were allowed to refuel free of charge in Iraq. This made this route very lucrative for the airline. On 2003, the US-led forces then invaded Iraq and changed the airport's name to Baghdad International Airport as they were advancing into Baghdad, the Iraqi capital on April 3. The then Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein was overthrown from power on April 9 as the US-led forces captured the city. As a result, his name was dropped from the airport. The ICAO code for the airport consequently changed from ORBS to ORBI; however, the IATA code SDA remains. The often misused IATA code BGW now refers to all Baghdad airports and previously was the code for Al Muthana Airport.

U.S. President George W. Bush with troops at the Bob Hope Dining Facility on Thanksgiving 2003.
U.S. President George W. Bush with troops at the Bob Hope Dining Facility on Thanksgiving 2003.

The most visible and notable building in this area was the Bob Hope Dining Facility, a large, white, fabric-skinned, elongated dome. President George W. Bush made a surprise visit to the Bob Hope on Thanksgiving Day, 27 November 2003 and had dinner with the servicemen present.

The Bob Hope Dining Facility and the entire coalition installation on the eastern side of the airport terminal area was dismantled and the area abandoned prior to the 2004 turnover of the airport to the Iraqi people.

Terminal C, one of three gate areas, has been spruced up with new potted plants and polished floors. The duty-free shop has reopened as well. There are still renovations on-going throughout the airport to return it to its former self. Coordinates: 33°15′45″N 044°14′04″E / 33.2625°N 44.23444°E / 33.2625; 44.23444

Current air services status


In 2003 and early 2004, three aircraft were hit by three insurgent surface-to-air heat seeking missiles. In the first, a DHL Airbus cargo plane was hit at 10,000', in what was later known as the DHL shootdown incident, landing minutes later with a wing in flames. Next, a C17 Globemaster was hit on a pre-dawn takeoff, but also landed safely. The landowning unit, 1st Battalion, 4th Air Defense Artillery, was given twice the land and two additional companies after the first two strikes. A month later in 2004, a C5A Galaxy was struck in another pre-dawn strike. It landed safely, but this time Eagle Troop, 2nd Cavalry Regiment captured the assailants after a high speed chase that ended in southern Baghdad. Effective firing has since ceased, but still today, aircraft take palpable precautionary measures. Aircraft take off and land at the airport using a "corkscrew maneuver," a spiraling pattern of climbing and descending directly over the airport to avoid coming within range of small arms and missiles on the ground. The unusual and uncomfortable takeoff and landing procedures are still used despite the significantly improved security situation.

Currently Sabre International Security provides the ground and aviation security at the BIAP. The personnel consists of ex-pat nationals in key and supervisor roles and local nationals and a mixed Gurkha and Ugandan guard force.

An Iraqi Airways Boeing 727-200 and Boeing 747SP stored at Baghdad International Airport. (2003)
An Iraqi Airways Boeing 727-200 and Boeing 747SP stored at Baghdad International Airport. (2003)

The old BIA radar tower is taken down so that a new tower could be built to meet international standards. (2004)
The old BIA radar tower is taken down so that a new tower could be built to meet international standards. (2004)

An Iraqi Airways Boeing 737-200 taxiing in front of Baghdad International Airport control tower. (2008)
An Iraqi Airways Boeing 737-200 taxiing in front of Baghdad International Airport control tower. (2008)

An Iraqi Airways Boeing 737-200 at Baghdad International Airport. (2008)
An Iraqi Airways Boeing 737-200 at Baghdad International Airport. (2008)

Since July 2003, the civilian areas of the airport have been secured by civilian contractors. From July 2003 to June 2004, an American firm, Custer Battles, secured the airport under a contract from the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA). At the completion of their contract, coinciding with the dissolution of the CPA, the Iraq Ministry of Transportation awarded a contract to the British security firm Global RSL. The terminal area is currently secured by a private force of 500 Iraqi and Gurkha guards. The main road from the airport to downtown Baghdad, nicknamed "Route Irish", was infamous as one of the most dangerous routes in the world - today however there is a heavy military presence across the whole route all the way to the International (Green) Zone and attacks are rare.

Most airport workers now live in a secure area located near the airport, and within the ring of Coalition military bases that surround the airport. Security within the airport complex is typical of most international airports.

Royal Jordanian was the only civilian airline permitted to land in Iraq during 2003, it only had direct flights from Amman, Jordan.


The airport officially reverted to civilian control on 25 August 2004. Iraqi Airways resumed regular flights to Amman, Jordan, and FedEx Express and DHL began civilian and military cargo services.

On 8 November 2004, as part of a general US and Iraqi assault against Fallujah, Iraqi Prime Minister Allawi closed the airport for 48 hours with the stated reason of preventing insurgents from leaving the country.

There have been two 48 hour closures due to pay disputes between the British Contracting firm that provides security and the Iraqi Transportation Ministry.

The second time this occurred, Iraqi troops were sent in to fill the roles left behind and the Iraqi Government agreed to pay 50% of the bill. Other airport closures in 2006 and 2007 were part of general Baghdad-wide vehicle curfews intended to hinder mobility of insurgents. As the security situation improves, this extreme tool is used less frequently.


Through 2005, some days saw no flights while most days were limited to one flight. The terminal appeared almost abandoned. Into 2008, there are now crowds of people, particularly on Thursday afternoon and Friday morning, with long lines of passengers waiting to pass through security. Flights to Irbil, Tehran, Ankara, Basra, and other domestic or regional flights occur throughout the day. Typical weekdays include three flights to Irbil alone. Despite speculation by the media, both arriving and departing flights are typically full.

On 29 April 2005, Air Scotland announced its intentions to begin a Glasgow-London Stansted-Irbil-Baghdad service. Although initial intentions were to begin this route in November 2005 with Tristar jetliners, this service never started and Air Scotland is now defunct.

Euro Air Cargo of Czech Republic, plans to launch a service to Baghdad International Airport in the future. The airline is yet to launch operations of any sort.


In December 2006, an Iraqi Airways affiliated travel agency in the UK announced a direct Baghdad to London route scheduled to start service twice weekly in early 2007. The website even lists prices and includes the ability to book tickets. At 2008, the plans failed to go ahead.


In October 2008, Turkish Airlines launched nonstop service to Baghdad from Istanbul Atatürk International Airport with three weekly flights, thus becoming the first airline to resume service from Europe to the Iraqi capital since UN sanctions were imposed after the 1990 invasion of Kuwait.

Due to a reduction in violence in 2008, passenger traffic at BIAP increased dramatically.


Air Force One at BIAP. (2009)
Air Force One at BIAP. (2009)
  • On 2 January 2009, the Swedish-based airline Nordic Airways operated the first flight between Western Europe and Baghdad in 17 years when a flight carrying about 150 passengers ran between Copenhagen and Baghdad. The airline has since suspended operations.
  • In June 2009, Iraqi Airways revealed that they have been given the go ahead to resume direct Baghdad-Karachi flights.
  • In July 2009, Gulf Air revealed that they are planning on launching flights to Baghdad from Bahrain International Airport as well as flights to London Heathrow Airport via Bahrain. They are scheduled to begin flights on 1 September 2009.
  • On 28 August 2009, Bahrain Air launch Baghdad flights.
  • On 1 September 2009, Etihad Crystal Cargo and Gulf Air launch Baghdad flights.
  • On 3 September 2009, Iraqi Airways resumed Bahrain after 20 years.
  • On 11 September 2009, Iraqi Airways resumed Doha, Qatar after 18 years.
  • On 9 October 2009, Middle East Airlines announced Beirut from Baghdad. Flights will operate 4x weekly from 29 October but may upgrade to daily. They will use Airbus A320 aircraft for the flights.
  • In October 2009, Iraqi Airways resumed Karachi, Pakistan after 19 years.
  • On 12 November 2009, Blue Wings began providing regular service to Frankfurt, Germany on behalf of Iraqi Airways. Blue Wings has since gone bust, flights are now operated by leased Boeing 737 aircraft.


  • On 17 April 2010, Etihad Airways announced they will launch passenger flights to Baghdad from Abu Dhabi from 26 April.
  • In April 2010, it was announced that Iraqi Airways would resume flights to London but instead to Gatwick Airport via Malmö, Sweden. The flights were due to launch on the 17 April but due to the 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull and closure of Northern European airspace, the airline had to cancel the inaugural flight. The airline launched flights to London on 25 April 2010.
  • Emirates had confirmed that it would launch flights to Baghdad on 1 July 2010. Initially, Emirates will have operated a thrice weekly service on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. The route would have been served by an Airbus A330-200. However, Emirates announced that it will postpone flights to Baghdad until later in the year due to "operational reasons".
  • In May 2010, Iraqi Airways was forced to suspend all operations to both the United Kingdom and Sweden due to ongoing legal issues with Kuwait. The last flight from London will be on the 28 May. Following the Kuwaiti issue and the problems for Iraqi to expand, Iraqi declared bankruptcy on 26 May and ceased all flights the same day.
  • In May 2010, German carrier Lufthansa announced that it will resume flights to Baghdad from Munich beginning 30 September 2010. The flights was to be operated by a Privatair Boeing 737. However, the airline decided to cancel the flights indefinitely due to the lack of customer interest.
  • On 1 July 2010, Iraqi Airlines announced that they will be resuming flights to Baghdad beginning in winter 2010. The flight will operate 5 times a week beginning on 31 October. The flights will be operated by an Airbus A320. In September 2010, Iraqi Airlines canceled its intentions to serve Baghdad, citing poor demand.

Expansion Plans

On 18 May 2010, plans have been unveiled for an expansion at Baghdad International Airport in Iraq, which will double its capacity size to 15 million passengers per year. The expansion will include building three new terminals, bringing 2.5 million passengers for each terminal. Meanwhile, the existing three terminals will also be refurbished under the plans, to be funded by foreign investors.

Airlines and destinations

The terminal at BIAP. (2007)
The terminal at BIAP. (2007)
Airlines Destinations
Al-Naser Airlines Basra, Kuwait, Najaf
Bahrain Air Bahrain
Cham Wings Airlines Damascus
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Gulf Air Bahrain
Gryphon Airlines Kuwait
Iraqi Airways Amman, Arbil, Basra, Beirut, Cairo, Damascus, Dubai, Istanbul-Ataturk, Najaf, Sulaimaniyah, Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Jupiter Airlines Dubai
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Med Airways Beirut
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Viking Hellas Athens

Cargo airlines

Airlines Destinations
Click Airways Arbil, Sharjah
Coyne Airways Dubai
Royal Jordanian Cargo Amman

Coalition installations

The following is a list of installations within the Victory Base Complex:

  • Camp Cropper
  • Camp Dublin
  • Camp Liberty
  • Sather Air Base
  • Camp Slayer
  • Camp Striker
  • Camp Victory
  • Logistics Base Seitz

Incidents and accidents

The European Air Transport Airbus A300B4-200F after the emergency landing. (2003)
The European Air Transport Airbus A300B4-200F after the emergency landing. (2003)
  • On 25 December 1986, Iraqi Airways Flight 163, a Boeing 737-200, flying from Baghdad to Amman, Jordan, was hijacked and damaged by a bomb in flight. The bomb exploded in the cockpit causing the plane to crash in Saudi Arabia, killing 63 of 106 onboard.
  • On 29 November 1987, Korean Air Flight 858, a Boeing 707-3B5C, was destroyed by a bomb over the Andaman Sea, the bomb was left by two North Korean agents who boarded in Baghdad but got off in Abu Dhabi. The plane was flying the Baghdad-Abu Dhabi-Bangkok-Seoul flight. All 104 passengers and 11 crew died.
  • On 22 November 2003, a European Air Transport Airbus A300B4 freighter, registered OO-DLL, operating on behalf of DHL Aviation, was hit by an SA-7 'Grail' missile shortly after take-off. The airplane lost hydraulic pressure and thus the controls. After extending the landing gear to create more drag, the crew piloted the plane using differences in engine thrust and landed the plane with minimal further damage. All 3 crew survived.

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General Info
Country Iraq
Time UTC+3(+4DT)
Latitude 33.262539
33° 15' 45.14" N
Longitude 44.234578
044° 14' 04.48" E
Elevation 114 feet
35 meters
Type Joint (Civil and Military)
Magnetic Variation 004° E (01/06)
Operating Agency U.S.AIR FORCE
Operating Hours 24 HOUR OPERATIONS
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry
Daylight Saving Time Dates notified by NOTAM

TWR 118.7
RDO 127.35
Call KINGFISH HOTEL 20 min inbd to Sather AB.
METRO 116.15
HELO 131.7
GND 121.7
DEP 131.9
INFO 127.25
APP 128.2
BALAD ACC 123.52
Communications Remarks  
TWR Lost comm acft ovft rwy of intended ldg at 1000 ft AGL and Dep acft are to ctc Balad APP 126.425.
RDO Due to hi volume of copter tfc opr lo level in vcnty of arpt, all acft dep arpt and entering cl G airspace shall ctc Baghdad rdo for tfc info.
APP No rdo coverage with Balad APP blw 3000 MSL in the vcnty of ORBI.

ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
15R/33L 10830 x 148 feet
3301 x 45 meters
15L/33R 13124 x 197 feet
4000 x 60 meters

Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid

Other Fluids LHNIT, Low and high pressure nitrogen servicing
JASU A/M32A-86
AC:115/200v, 3 phase, 90 kva, 0.8pf, 4 wire, DC: 28v,1500 amp, 72kw

150+/-5lb/min (2055+/- 68cfm) at 51+/- 2psia

CAUTION No current obst data. Ctl twr (aprx 190 ft) N of civ trml, btn 15R and 15L apch.No obst lgt on twr. Com masts (aprx 1180 ft) aprx 3NM NNE of afld-no obst ltg. Numerous unlit obst within 300 ft of 15L/33R and 15R/33L. Historical bird/wildlife act and migration data not avbl. Increase in bird/wildlife act observed near rwy +/- 1 hr SR/SS. Exer caution when arr/dep dur these periods. Std detonation site lctd aprx 0.5 NM fr dep end Rwy 33L. Twr will announce detonation with bcstand clsd Rwy 33L, til detonation are complete. Aircrew shall ck for hung chaff/flares prior to taxi to prk if dispense chaff/flares or rcv indications of. After coord with twr, ck may be cont after exiting rwy, ctc 447 AMXS, DSN 318-446-2511. All acft use inboard eng only, due to FOD when taxing on/off Rwy 15R/33L/Twysfc. All acft that will land and prk at Sather AB are rqr to make 20 min inbd call to KINGFISH HOTEL on UHF 299.625 or VHF 133.5 and altn freq UHF 241.85 are rqr to use flw me veh for assistance to prk. This incl AMC acft, USA or contracted copter and any acft that intends to prk on Sather AB ramp. Pt of ctc at DNVT 302-551-9312. Dist remaining mrk are reflective only. Cir E of Rwy 15L/33R proh.Rstd area lctd 1.3 NM E Rwy 33R thld, 0.3 NM rad of N33 15.26' E44 16.28'. Sfc to 3000 ft MSL, and 2.0 NM NE of Rwy 15L, 0.3 NM rad of N33 20.42' E44 20.50', sfc to 1500 ft MSL. Twy G, N, R, T, A, O, clsd to mil acft. Apron D, E, K, Clsd tomil acft. Exer extreme caution when opr on twy M and AMC apron due to numerous spalls and conc joint breaks (small to med in size). Copter use caution for pers/eqpt in vcnty of main forward air reful pt (FARP). Two impact spalls near shoulder of twy P6 hammerhead, max depth 12 inch, marked with cones. Unmarked 6 inch conc slabs with 6 ft deep manholes along E and W shoulder edges for Rwy 15L/33R.Hvy caliber frng rng lctd 1/2 mile W of AMC apron. All arr and dep copter are advs to ctc Baghdad Helo on 131.7 for svc in, out and thru ORBI class D airspace.Copter opr unfamiliar with new pro, alt, fixes and rte should ctc Baghdad twr via landline prior to dep. Spiral arr and dep must remain within 3.5 DME. Numerous impact spalls on mid ramp in the vcnty of JMMT hgr, max depth 3 inches. Rstd area 1 NM NW of Rwy 15R thld, 0.4 NM rad of N33 16.82' E44 12.13' sfc to 3000 ft MSL. Two impact spalls near shoulder of twy P6 hammerhead, max depth 12 inches,mrk with cones. Exer extreme caution for numerous copter and F/W tfc opr within ORBI class D controlled airspace. All F/W acft dep must maint rwy hdg til at or above 450 ft AGL. F/W acft arr must maint at or above 800 ft AGL on downwind andshall not descend below 450 ft AGL til estab on final app and within 1.25 NM prior to ldg. All arr and dep copter tfc will opr at or below 300 ft AGL while in ORBI class D airspace at all times. Debris field lctd 1000 ft before Rwy 15R thld, and 1000 ft after Rwy 33L dep end. Nr obst pose haz to acft opr. 150 ft lgtd ant lctd N33 18'12.06'' E44 12'18.60''. 250 ft unlgtd obst ant lctd aprx half a NM E (N33 17'05'' E44 14'35'') of Rwy 15L/33R. 80 ft unlgtd obst lctd N33 18'06.05'' E44 13'06.78''.
FUEL J8-Ltd, A1 (AvCard Skylink Air and Logistic (US fone) C 703-318-4000 or C 011-964-7901-909-452). Mil acft req fuel svc fr the mil trml in excess 40,000 lbs mustcoord with 477 ELRS/LGRF (pol) RCC at DSN 318-446-2319,2321,2322. Failure to coord prior to arr may result in failure to svc the req.
LGT Rwy 15R/33L emerg afld lgt sys (EALS) in use at reduced intensity, nstd lgt. Twylgt not avbl on twy A,G,N,R,T,V,S,S1-S6. Due to ltd ramp lgt, all acft turn on posn lgt and/or formation lgt upon exit of active rwy to show other acft on gndtheir posn and maint safe acft clnc. Lgt rqr for taxing only and may be turned off upon entering rwy for dep.
MISC Ck NOTAMs for updated info. Medevac msn will ldg on medevac spot (W of DV1). Arracft flw twr and marshallers instr. Other copter tfc will hover or ldg N/S of AMC ramp, or at spot precoord with comd post. Acft comdr ctc comd post DSN 318-446-2442 prior to tkof to avoid confusion and delays. Afld mgr DSN 318-446-2900. All tran copter tfc must hold on twy M and wait for a marshaller for prk. Req wx fcst using ICAO ident KQTZ. Wx fcst DSN 318-446-2906 avbl H24 Sun-Sat. Wx radarnot avbl. Ck NOTAMs freq for tmpry chg in wx svc. Remote wx brief avbl for mil opr H24 via CENTAF Opr Wx Squadron (OWS) DSN 312-965-0907. C +1 (803) 895-0907. All mil acft incl copters ctc twr for tfc advsy, wx, and ldg info. Limit eng runup opr to a min, only if msn rqr. Must be coord 15 min prior to arr. All R/W tfc (exc medevac) will arr or dep at N/S end of twy mike. R/W acft will ctc KingfishHotel for flw me veh to prk. R/W acft may proced to prk after ldg on twy mike N/S til progressive taxi instr fr twr. Comd post DSN 318-446-2442. Acft opr exp to provide tow bar. All civ contract air carriers must access RAMCC IZ website orcall Al Udeid AB C974-458-9555. At the tone press 0. When you hear a dial toneenter: 436-9999. For IZ afld press 1 then press 7 for Baghdad. This pro is designed to aid com and does not replace the need for air carriers to Email Baghdad Intl PPR req or slot req to RAMCC IZ. The ctl auth for Baghdad Intl arpt (ORBI) is the IZ civ avn auth (ICAA). All NOTAM issued concerning civ opr at ORBI are publ under the auth of the ICAA. All inquiries and correspondence shall be addressed as flw: Director Aeronautical info svc, Baghdad Intl arpt, Baghdad IZ, C0790-140-3537, Email: IBIAPI@YAHOO.COM. AIP/IZ page GEN 1.1-1 refers.
OIL Ltd to C5/C17 only.
RSTD PPR / offl business only for all tran F/W air tasking order asgn msn. Call afld mgr at DSN 318-446-2900, email 477AEG.OSAA@BDAB.CENTAF.AF.MIL, for PPR Nr. All acft must req a slot time fr RAMCC to land at Baghdad Intl. Civil acft rstd to day VFR only. No fleet svc, catering, flt planning or FPL filing avbl for mil/civ acft. All acft must file stopover FPL's. All civ acft with haz cargo ctc RAMCC with haz cargo info; mil acft with haz cargo ctc RAMCC and comd post at least 24hr prior to arr for coord. Ctc RAMCC at DSN 318-471-5184 or C+974 460 9869 ext 471-5184 or e-mail: CLNC DEL svc not avbl. All F/W R/W ovft 2500 ft W of Rwy 15R/33L proh, sfc to 600 ft AGL. Eng run offload for F/W acft: C-17 and C-130 only. Eng run offload not permitted dur sand storms.Eng run offload not permitted with HUMAN remains. Hot cargo eng run offload IAWDIRMOBFOR guidance. Loading team will not app acft til acft Comdr confirms tkofck list items complete, eng in low speed gnd idle (desired) or reverse thrust as appropriate. Acft more than 30 min early given lo priority than on time arr. Coord with KINGFISH HOTEL no later than 30 min prior to ldg. PPR for all mil andciv acft req to arr or dep til 31 Dec 2006. Cir apch not auth due to ltd flt inspection.
RWY All mil acft arr/dep Rwy 33L/15R rstd fr ovft living areas, fuel stor, and HAS areas blw 1000 ft AGL.

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