Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (Indonesian: Bandar Udara Internasional Soekarno–Hatta) (IATA: CGK, ICAO: WIII) is the main airport serving the greater Jakarta area on the island of Java, Indonesia. The airport is named after the first President of Indonesia, Soekarno, and the first vice-president, Mohammad Hatta. The airport is often called Cengkareng by Indonesians. The airport's IATA code, CGK, originates from the name of the Cengkareng locality, a district situated to the northwest of the city.
Located about 20 km west of Jakarta, in Tangerang, Banten, Soekarno–Hatta airport began to operate in 1985, replacing the former Kemayoran Airport (domestic flights) in Central Jakarta, and Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport in East Jakarta. Kemayoran Airport has since closed. Halim Perdanakusuma is still operating, serving mostly charters and military flights. Terminal 2 was opened in 1992.
The land area of the airport is 18 km². It has two independent parallel runways separated 2,400 m connected by two cross taxiways. There are three main terminal buildings: Terminal 1 is for all domestic flights. Terminal 2 serves all international flights as well as Garuda Airlines domestic flights. Terminal 3 Pier 1 is for domestic flights.
Terminal 1 and 2 are separated into 3 sub-terminals. Terminal 1A, 1B, and 1C are used for domestic flights by Indonesian airlines. Terminal 2D and 2E is for international flights. Terminal 2F is for domestic flights for Garuda Indonesia and Merpati Nusantara Airlines.
Terminal 2D is for all international airlines served by PT Jasa Angkasa Semesta, one of the ground handlers in the airport. Terminal 2E and 2F are for all international airlines served by PT Gapura Angkasa.
Terminal 3 Pier 1 was opened in 2009. The whole Terminal 3 is expected with 5 piers and finished in 2020. Now Terminal 3 Pier 1 is for flights operated by AirAsia and Mandala Airlines.
The airport was designed by Paul Andreu, a French architect who also designed Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport. One of the major characteristics of Soekarno–Hatta airport is the incorporation of the local vernacular architecture into the design, and the presence of tropical gardens in between the waiting lounges. However, Soekarno–Hatta International Airport was noted for its beautiful landscaping: the airport was awarded the 1995 Aga Khan Award for Architecture.
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport has 150 check-in counters, 30 baggage carousels and 42 gates. Each sub-terminal has 25 check-in counters, 5 baggage carrousels and 7 gates.
Angkasa Pura II is currently planning to build a new terminal with modern design features. Terminal 3 is being built for low-cost airlines, and already serves hajj flights and transnational migrant laborers. There is a masterplan to make 5 passenger terminals + 1 hajj terminal and 4 runways. In 2009 the airport will be connected to Manggarai Station (future Jakarta central station) by a railway. To finance the expansion, the airport is collecting an Airport Tax of IDR 150,000 (approx $12 USD) for each international passenger and IDR 40,000 for each domestic passenger.
In May 2008, ForbesTraveller.com recognized Soekarno–Hatta International Airport as the 6th most punctual airport in the world with 86.3% of its flights departing on time, while 72.3% arriving ontime. In December 2009, ForbesTraveller.com recognized Soekarno–Hatta International Airport as the 2nd most punctual airport in the world with 89.2% of its flights departing on time, while 84.2% arriving ontime.
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport was the 35th busiest airport in 2004-2006, according to Airliners World magazine. As of 2009, Soekarno–Hatta International Airport was the 22nd busiest airport in the world in terms of passenger traffic. Soekarno–Hatta International Airport also the busiest airport in Indonesia after it the second is Juanda International Airport (Surabaya) and the third Ngurah Rai International Airport (Denpasar).
Between 1928–1974, the Kemayoran Airfield intended for domestic flights was considered too close to an Indonesian military airfield, Halim Perdanakusuma. The civil airspace in the area became narrow, while air traffic increased rapidly, which risked international air traffic. In 1969, a Senior Communication Officers meeting in Bangkok expressed this concern.
In the early 1970s, with the help of USAID, eight potential locations were analyzed for a new international airport, namely Kemayoran, Malaka, Babakan, Jonggol, Halim, Curug, South Tangerang and North Tangerang. Finally, the North Tangerang airspace was chosen and it was also noted that Jonggol could be used as an alternative airfield. Meanwhile the Indonesian government started to upgrade the Halim Perdanakusumah airfield to be used for domestic flights.
Between 1974–1975, a Canadian consultant consortium consisting of Aviation Planning Services Ltd., ACRESS International Ltd., and Searle Wilbee Rowland (SWR), won a bid for the new airport feasibility project. The feasibility study started on 20 February 1974 with a total cost of 1 million Canadian dollars. The one-year project proceed with an Indonesian partner represented by PT Konavi. By the end of March 1975, the study revealed a plan to build three inline runways, a perforated road, three international terminal buildings, three domestic buildings and one building for Hajj flights. Three stores for the domestic terminals would be built between 1975–1981 with a cost of US$ 465 million and one domestic terminal including an apron from 1982–1985 with a cost of US$ 126 million. A new terminal project, named the Jakarta International Airport Cengkareng (code: JIA-C), began.
Volume of Passengers
In 2009, Soekarno-Hatta was ranked 23rd amongst the world's busiest airports by passenger traffic.
The table below was based on data from the Airport Council International organization. These statistics are from the movements of passengers, freight and aircraft in CGK.
Terminal 1 is the first terminal of Soekarno–Hatta International Airport. It was finished on 1985. It is located on the opposite of Terminal 2 which is on the south site. It operates domestic flights except Garuda Indonesia and Merpati Nusantara Airlines as they operate their domestic flights in Terminal 2. This terminal has 3 sub-terminal. Each sub-terminal has 25 check-in counters, 5 baggage carousels and 7 gates. It has the capacity of handling 9 million passengers per annum. The gates in Terminal 1 has alphabet prefix of A, B and C. The gates are A1-A7, B1-B7 and C1-C7.
Terminal 2 is the second terminal of Soekarno–Hatta International Airport. It was finished on 1992. It is located on the opposite of Terminal 1 which is on the north site. It operates international flights as well as domestic flights of Garuda Indonesia and Merpati Nusantara Airlines only. Terminal 2 has 3 sub-terminals. Each sub-terminal has 25 check-in counters, 5 baggage carousels and 7 gates. It has the capacity of handling 9 million passengers per annum. The gates in Terminal 2 has alphabet prefix of D, E and F. The gates are D1-D7, E1-E7 and F1-F7. File:Garuda Old and New Livery.jpg
The first phase of terminal 3, comprising of the first of the planned 5 piers, was opened in April 15, 2009. The terminal adopts a different design from terminals 1 and 2, using an eco-friendy and modern concept (see rendering here). It currently houses two low cost carriers, Mandala Airlines and Indonesia AirAsia for their domestic flights.
Each of the planned 5 piers will have a capacity of 4 million passengers per year. Terminal 3 is expected to expand the capacity of Soekarno–Hatta International Airport, from 18 million passengers per annum, to 38 million.
In the newest masterplan, the airport will have 2 phases of development. Phase 1 development is to build the Terminal 3 and lengthen Runway 2 to 4,000 m. Phase 2 development is to build Terminal 4 and the third runway (4,000 m). A new elevated train that will connect the airport to the city is also included in the phase 1 development.
Terminal 4 is on the opposite of Terminal 3. It is on the east side of Terminal 1 which is still on the south site. It will be on phase 4 or Phase 2 Development.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines operate from (Jakarta) Soekarno–Hatta International Airport (as of June 2010):
The airport was designed to resemble the traditional Javanese house called Rumah Joglo and it was combined with a beautifully maintained garden located in every boarding area inside the airport.
Aircraft catering at Soekarno–Hatta International Airport supported by Aerowisata Catering Services (ACS). Located near GMF AeroAsia and Garuda Indonesia headquarter. ACS was founded in 1973 as a provider of catering services to airlines Garuda Indonesia. ACS now serves 18 domestic and international airlines, including Garuda Indonesia, Qantas Airways, Cathay Pacific Airways, Singapore Airlines, Air China, Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Qatar Airways, also serve meals to the aircraft charter services, VVIP and special flights, such as Hajj.
Facilities to maintenance aircraft in Soekarno–Hatta International Airport supported by GMF AeroAsia (Garuda Maintenance Facility). They comprise 480,000 m2 of built-up structures, including three hangars, a spares warehouse, workshops, utility buildings, ground support equipment building, chemical stores, engine test cell and management offices. In addition, GMF AeroAsia has an apron capable of handling up to 50 aircraft, taxiways, a run-up bay and a waste treatment area taking up a 1,150,000 m2 area.
Hangar 1 was built in 1991 designed for Boeing 747s, has two full docks and is 22,000 m2. Hangar 2 is 23,000 m2 and has 3 aircraft bays. It can perform minor A and B checks. It can hold up to one narrow body and one wide body jet. Hangar 3 is 23,000 m2. It normally holds up to 3 Narrow-body aircraft, but can be reconfigured to hold up to one wide body and one narrowbody. It has 7 bays with 4 full docks. It has 6 roof-mounted cranes and has one bay designed for MD11's, DC10's, and wide Airbus aircraft.
Golf area in Soekarno–Hatta International Airport supported by "Cengkareng Golf Club". Golf area has been open since 1999. Located on the left side airport main gate after Sheraton Cengkareng Hotel. Cengkareng Golf Club is set within the 102 hectares area of Soewarna Business Park at Soekarno Hatta International Airport. In 2005 and 2008 this golf area used for Indonesia Open, which are part of the PGA European Tour. There are 18 hole at this golf area.
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport provided one hotel that supported by Sheraton Hotel. This hotel located left side airport main gate. This hotel is well known as transit hotel for Soekarno Hatta airport. Sheraton Airport Hotel stand in a 4 floor building maintain 220 guest rooms and suites that are sound-proofed and are equipped with individually controlled air conditioning, satellite color television, CNN, movie channels, international direct dialed telephone, data port, fax line, voice mail, in-room flight information, mini bar, bathrobe and slippers, bathroom amenities, shaving / make-up mirror, hair dryer, iron and ironing board, duvets, in room safe, tea and coffee making facilities. Interconnecting rooms, rooms for the disabled and non-smoking rooms available upon request. Ballroom ,fitness center, spa, swimming pool and restaurants available at this hotel.
There are four first and business Lounges at the Transit Lounge in the departure area. Jasa Angkasa Semesta (JAS) Lounge, available for first and business class passengers of Cathay Pacific, Qantas, Lufthansa, Eva Air, Saudi Arabian Airlines and Singapore Airlines. Pura Indah Lounge, available for first and business class passengers of Singapore Airlines, KLM, Malaysia Airlines, Cathay Pacific and China Airlines.
The new Garuda Indonesia lounge is available for GA's business class passengers only, as well as GECC cardholder. This lounge is the most comprehensive lounge facility at the airport, including meeting room, shower facilities, quiet room and many more.
The other lounges that support by some company like PT Exelcomindo Pratama, PT Indosat, PT Mandara Jasindo Sena and PT Telkomsel
There are shopping areas available in all terminals at Soekarna-Hatta International Airport. The duty free shop, souvenir shop, restaurants and the cafeteria can be found there. There are no shops in the arrival parts of the terminals.
The airport contains the head office of Garuda Indonesia, Garuda Indonesia Management Building, located within the Garuda Indonesia City Center. Angkasa Pura II's head office is on the airport property.
Soekarno–Hatta International Airport provides free shuttle bus which connects Terminal 1, 2 and 3
Several shuttle airport bus are serving various destination from CGK, currently it serves by 2 bus operators, "Damri" and "Primajasa". Bus are air conditioned and provides about 40 seats, for "Primajasa" it is also completed with "TV" and "rest room" on to rear side of the buses. The fare is Rp. 20.000,- (for Jakarta area destination), Rp. 30.000,- (for Bekasi, Bogor, Cikarang, KHI and Serang destination) and Rp. 75.000,- (for Bandung destination).
Depending on traffic, Soekarno–Hatta is a 30 minutes drive away from Jakarta's city center via Sedyatmo Expressway. CGK provides parking lots, however passengers should note that these parking lots are often filled to capacity.
Taxi and Limousine
Taxi and car rental are available. The airport is a 30 to 45 minute drive from downtown Jakarta.
PT RaiLink, subsidiary of PT KA plans to connect Soekarno–Hatta International Airport to Manggarai Station by train service. The elevated train service construction was delayed as of March 2009.
It is strongly recommended that you allow at least one hour to get to the airport from central Jakarta. If you are leaving the city after 4pm on any day, but especially a Friday, allow 90 minutes. When arriving into Jakarta from other cities, do plan to arrive after 9am so that you miss the heavy traffic. Morning commuters from airport to the city can take as long as 2-3 hours depending on certain situations. Furthermore, there is only one express way serving the airport, and risk of missing your flight or be unavoidably delayed is real if these things are not taken into consideration.
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