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Zagreb Airport

Zagreb Airport Ltd.
Zračna luka Zagreb d.o.o.
Zagreb Airport
Zagreb Airport
Zagreb Airport
Airport type Public
Operator ZLZ
Serves Zagreb, Croatia
Location Pleso, Croatia
Hub for Croatia Airlines
Elevation AMSL 353 ft / 108 m
Coordinates 45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889
Direction Length Surface
ft m
05/23 10,669 3,252 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2009)
Number of Passengers 2,062,242
Number of Landings 20,342
Croatian Aeronautical Information Publication

Zagreb Airport (IATA: ZAG, ICAO: LDZA), also known as Pleso Airport after the nearby suburb of Pleso, is the main international airport of Croatia and also a Croatian Air Force and Defense major fighter jet base. Located 10 km from the central railway station in Zagreb, it served 2,062,242 passengers in 2009 and is the primary hub for Croatian flag carrier Croatia Airlines. Expansion of the airport is due to start in 2010.


The first airfield in Zagreb was built in 1909 near the western city neighbourhood of Črnomerec. It was used by Slavoljub Eduard Penkala for the airplanes he designed.

In 1927, Charles Lindbergh made a landing in Borongaj Airfield (east of Zagreb) after his successful crossing of the Atlantic Ocean. The airfield began serving passenger traffic on 15 February 1928. On 1 April 1947, commercial services were moved to a former airbase near the village of Lučko, southwest of the city. At its peak in 1959, Lučko served 167,000 passengers.

On 20 April 1962, flight services were once again moved, this time to the current location near the suburb of Pleso in the southeast. It first opened with a 2,500 m long runway and 1,000 m² terminal.

A new 5,000 m² terminal was built in 1966, as well as the apron expansion. In 1974, the runway was extended to its current 3,250 m, and the terminal expanded to its current 12,000 m².

The airport's peak level of traffic was in 2008, with 2.2 million passengers. In 2004, the airport installed a CAT-IIIb instrument landing system (ILS). The VIP terminal was completed in 2008 and is located just south-west of the old terminal, which is also going to be refurbished.

Expansion and modernisation

Aircraft on the apron at Zagreb Airport
Aircraft on the apron at Zagreb Airport

The passenger terminal underwent major design upgrade, new VIP terminal was added to the west of the current terminal in 2008, and new unified facade (at the front of the terminal) was also added in 2009. The passenger terminal has a maximum capacity of around 2.5 million passengers per year with current traffic being around the 2.2 million mark. The main terminal building itself is rather small measuring only 200x58meters or around 20 000 m². Apron or airport ramp measures 950x187meters and can accommodate around 15 medium and 2 wide body aircraft.

A new terminal is planned for the future. The initial plan, made by NACO in 1997, was for 47,000 m² of space, capacity for 11 jetways, and the capability of handling 3 million passengers annually, but the airport authority decided to scrap this plan in favor of a larger terminal.

A new master plan has been developed by Scott Associates in 2006 and the new terminal is now expected to have 12 jetways and a capacity of 3.3 million passengers annually. It will be approximately 65,600 m² in area, nearly five times the size of the current terminal. This plan was also scrapped and a competition was held in hope of an even larger airport.

A competition for the final architectural and urban planning solution took place in August 2009, and the winner (IGH d.d.) was declared at the beginning of October. This proposal, designed by Neidhardt architects of Zagreb, includes a retail component with stores, banks, cafes and restaurants. A new luxury hotel with direct underground links to the terminal is planned, directly in front of the new terminal. The new terminal will consist of glass walls and roof in a wavy facade. It will be built in three stages, the first stage being able to cater for over five million passengers. This will increase as the second and third stage opens.

Construction is expected to cost €280 million, but due to financial crisis the realisation of the project is uncertain at the present time. Following completion, the old terminal will be used for low-cost operators. Air Force operations will move to the south end of the airport due to the construction. The start of construction is expected to take place August 2012 due to cost restraints. Meanwhile the old terminal will have a major face lift and minor expansion expected to cost 6 million euros.

Accompanying the terminal will be a second parallel runway. The completion date is unknown at this stage. There will also be a new rail line alongside the Eastern bypass of Velika Gorica (currently under construction), which extends from Zagreb across the Homeland Bridge completed in 2007. These elements will create an entirely new east entrance into the city adding to the one via D408 state road. The airport is being built so more expansions can be conducted easily if needed. A second runway is also in option.

Airlines and destinations

Croatia Airlines Airbus A319 taking off at Zagreb Airport
Croatia Airlines Airbus A319 taking off at Zagreb Airport

The following scheduled passenger airlines use Zagreb Pleso Airport (as of May 2010):

Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Air France operated by Brit Air Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Croatian Airlines Vienna
Croatian operated by Tyrolean Airways Vienna
Croatia Airlines Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Brussels, Copenhagen, Dubrovnik, Frankfurt, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Munich, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Podgorica, Pristina, Pula, Rome-Fiumicino, Sarajevo, Skopje, Split, Tel Aviv, Vienna, Zadar, Zürich
Czech Airlines Prague
Easyjet London-Gatwick [begins 11 February], Paris-Charles de Gaulle [begins 1 November]
Germanwings Berlin-Schönefeld, Cologne/Bonn, Hanover [ends 28 September], Stuttgart
Iberia Airlines Madrid [seasonal]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Lufthansa Regional operated by Augsburg Airways Munich
Lufthansa Regional operated by Lufthansa CityLine Munich
Malév Hungarian Airlines Budapest
Malmö Aviation Gothenburg [seasonal]
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen
Spanair Barcelona
Sun d'Or International Airlines Tel Aviv
TAP Portugal Bologna, Lisbon
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Wizz Air London-Luton

Cargo airlines

Airlines Destinations
MiniLiner Milan-Orio al Serio
Trade Air Ljubljana, Sarajevo

Traffic figures

  • 2010 figures to August 31


Zagreb Airport

Zagreb Airport - Terminal 1
click to enlarge

Zagreb Airport

Zagreb Airport - Visualisation of the new proposed terminal
click to enlarge

Zagreb Airport

Zagreb Airport - Interior view of Zagreb Airport
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Zagreb Airport

Zagreb Airport - Departure area of Zagreb Airport
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Zagreb Airport

Zagreb Airport - The town of Velika Gorica with Zagreb Airport in the distance
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General Info
Country Croatia
Time UTC+1(+2DT)
Latitude 45.742931
45° 44' 34.55" N
Longitude 16.068778
016° 04' 07.60" E
Elevation 353 feet
108 meters
Type Civil
Magnetic Variation 002° E (01/06)
Beacon Yes
Alternate Name PLESO
Operating Hours 24 HOUR OPERATIONS
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry
Daylight Saving Time Last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October

TWR 118.3
RADAR 120.7
INFO 124.85
GND 121.85
ATIS 124.375
APP 120.7

ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
05/23 10669 x 148 feet
3252 x 45 meters

Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
VOR-DME ZAG ZAGREB 084X 113.7 9.9 NM 225.3
NDB ZAG ZAGREB - 367 9.9 NM 225.0

Fuel Jet A1+, Jet A1 with icing inhibitor.

100/130 MIL Spec, low lead, aviation gasoline (BLUE)

CAUTION Bird haz. Lgtd mast 131' AGL lctd 8340' N of Rwy 23 thld.
FUEL A1+ (Air BP/INA) (NC-100LL)
MISC SFOR/NATO msn acft ctc ZAGREB ATOC 20 min prior to ldg.

The content above was published at in 2010.
We don't guarantee the information is fresh and accurate. The data may be wrong or outdated.
For more up-to-date information please refer to other sources.

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