Gander International Airport in Newfoundland and Labrador Newfoundland and Labrador airports - Gander International Airport
Gander International Airport in Newfoundland and Labrador - Canada
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Gander International Airport

Gander International Airport  picture

The Gander International Airport is designated as a National Airport System airport under the National Airports Policy. National Airport System airports link the country from coast to coast, as well as internationally, and are considered essential to Canada's domestic prosperity and international competitiveness.

Gander International Airport  picture

Strategically located along routes between the Americas and Europe, the Gander International Airport Authority has a major service role of providing technical stop services to commercial carriers and corporate aircraft for their transatlantic activities. As the main entry points into North American airspace, the airport and the town also provide essential medical and security services in the event of in-flight emergencies. Customs and immigration services are also provided on-site in support of this role.

Within the regional network, the airport provides local residents, and communities in Central Newfoundland with scheduled and charter services for passengers and cargo to major airports, and connecting with transcontinental and international routes. It also provides for the need of regional/local charter services, other commercial operations, flying training, and government civil/military aircraft activities such as search and rescue, fire protection services, etc. In addition, five Fixed Base Operators (FBOs) serving corporate and private aircraft, is located at the airport.

The Department of National Defense (DND) operates the Canadian Forces Base (CFB) 9 Wing Gander on the airport site. The base's primary operation is search and rescue.

Gander International Airport  picture

History Airport

Gander's beginnings date back to 1936 when the construction of the international airport began in earnest. By the end of 1937, a 900-person team had began construction. A few years later the airfield had four paved runways - the largest airport in the world at the time.

November 30, 1938 marks the establishment of Gander as an operational airport. However, there still remained the lack of suitable aircraft for transatlantic flights. Operations commenced with the arrival of two re-fuelling aircraft, which were used throughout the summer of 1939 to flight refuel Imperial Airways flying boats.

On January 11, 1938, the first airplane landed at Gander. It was Fox Moth VO-ADE, operated by Imperial Airways for the Newfoundland Government and flown by Captain Douglas Fraser.

By the outbreak of war in September 1939, Gander was ready for civil operations. The value of a functioning airport in such a strategic position was unique. Gander was the only operative airport in the Maritimes.

The airport at Gander became the main staging point for the movement of Allied aircraft to Europe during World War II. Gander's location on the Great Circle Route made it an ideal wartime refueling and maintenance depot for bombers flying overseas.

Gander International Airport  picture

In November 1940, Captain D.C.T. Bennett left Gander for Europe, leading the first fleet of seven Lockheed Hudson bombers across the Atlantic during the Battle of Britain. More than 20,000 North American-built fighters and heavy bombers would follow.

In 1942 the Newfoundland Government handed over the control of Gander to the Canadian Government and it became a military airfield, with a continuous delivery of planes to the warzone.

In 1945, the Newfoundland government took over control of the airport. By the end of the year, Pan-American World Airways, Trans-World Airline, Trans Canada Airlines (later Air Canada) and British Overseas Airway Corporation (later British Airways) begin regular Atlantic air service through Gander. Gander handled 13,000 aircraft annually and a quarter million passengers, requiring a new $3 million terminal to be built and opened in June 19, 1959.

In the 1950s, Gander airport was one of the busiest international airports in the world, buoyed by
transoceanic traffic.

The early 1960's saw a decline in and the arrival of the jet age. This led to a decrease in the use of Gander by these scheduled air carriers, since they now had the capability of flying the Atlantic without stops.

As a result, the "Trans Oceanic Plane Stop" program (TOPS) was established for planes making strictly technical stops for food, fuel and service.

The first TOPS flight landed in June 1970 and was owned by Transavia of Holland. The flights increased rapidly and in the next year, April 1971 to March 1972 there were 7,840 commercial landings made with 36 different airlines carrying 400,317 passengers.


Gander International Airport  picture

CHANGING WITH TECHNOLOGY

In the early 1980's, IL-62s of Aeroflot (Russia), CSA (Czechoslovakia), Cubana (Cuba), Interflug (East Germany) and LOT (Poland) visited Gander daily on flights from Eastern Europe and the Americas. Interflug, Cubana and Aeroflot also used Gander for the Moscow and Berlin to Havana route. Aeroflot introduced wide-body IL-86's in 1980 and these made regular stops at Gander. The fact that stop-overs were made at Gander soon became known to potential refugees, and it was not uncommon to have defectors declare political asylum at the airport. The resulting tightening of customs and immigration policy served to effectively eliminate much of this traffic.

Gander International Airport  picture

THE MODERN DAY

The general introduction of long-range aircraft and modernization of the transatlantic fleet has impacted the level of traffic at Gander. Today, cargo carriers using B747-200s for lugs such as Amsterdam-JFK use Gander as a necessary fuel stop for fully-loaded aircraft. The boom in outside freight flights has resulted in regular visits from the Antonov An-124, as well as IL-76 cargo carriers. Cubana IL-76s still use Gander ocassionallt as a fuel stop when they are required for transatlantic cargo flights. The largest aircraft in the world, the Antonov An-225, also transits through Gander on flights to and from North America. Technical stops remain a significant economic generator for the airport, especially with growth in the corporate/private jet market. On November 6, 1996, the Gander International Airport Authority Inc. was incorporated. After extensive negotiations, the Agreement to Transfer the airport from Transport Canada was signed; and the airport transferred to the Gander International Airport Authority in March of 2001. The aviation industry has undergone a profound change, and Gander International Airport continues to work to change with it.

Gander International Airport  picture

HISTORY OF GANDER INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT AUTHORITY INC.

On November 6, 1996, the Gander International Airport Authority Inc. was incorporated. Over the next two years, a letter of intent was signed, staff hired, and business plan developed.

On October 4, 2000, after extensive negotiations, the Agreement to Transfer was signed with Transport Canada. On March 1, 2001, the Gander International Airport Authority Inc. assumed operational and managerial control of the airport.
 
Gander International Airport  picture

Gander International Airport

Address: 1000 James Boulevard
P.O. Box 400
Gander, NL, Canada
A1V 1W8

Tel: (709) 256-6666, (709) 256-6668

Fax: (709) 256-6725


Email: marketing at giaa nf ca

URL: http://www.ganderairport.com/


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http://www.ganderairport.com/

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General Info
Country Canada
ICAO ID CYQX
Latitude 48.936944
48° 56' 13.00" N
Longitude -54.568056
054° 34' 05.00" W
Elevation 496 feet
151 meters
Type Joint (Civil and Military)
Magnetic Variation 021° W (01/06)
Beacon Yes
Operating Agency MILITARY - CIVIL JOINT USE AIRPORT
Daylight Saving Time Second Sunday in March at 0200 to first Sunday in November at 0200 local time (Exception Arizona and that portion of Indiana in the Eastern Time Zone)


Communications
TWR 118.1
236.6
HALIFAX RDO 126.7
OUTCAST OPS 128.85
252.8
INTL AIR SEE REMARKS
GND 121.9
275.8
ATIS 124.8
APP/DEP 128.5
132.1
384.5
Communications Remarks  
TWR Emerg only 709-651-5329.
RCO (RCO)(FISE)
A/D (AAPP/DEP CON svc)
INFO For a description of HF Aeromobile Operations in the NAT and associated hrs of operation for Gander IFSS, refer to AIP COMM section 6. SATCOM routine communications INMARSAT Code 431613, Public Phone C709-651-5328.


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
03/21 10200 x 200 feet
3109 x 61 meters
ASPHALT 067FAWT NO
09/27
CLOSED
1875 x 50 feet
572 x 15 meters
ASPHALT - NO
13/31 8900 x 200 feet
2713 x 61 meters
ASPHALT 067FAWT NO


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
VORTAC YQX GANDER 074X 112.7 2.6 NM 352.0
NDB QX GANDER - 280 4.3 NM 134.9
DME IQX GANDER 032X - At Field -


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel JP-5, Keroscene MIL Spec T-5624

Jet A1, without icing nhibitor.

Jet B+, wide cut turbine fuel with icing inhibitor.

100/130 MIL Spec, low lead, aviation gasoline (BLUE)


Thanks to: www.worldaerodata.com

We don't guarantee the information is fresh and accurate. The data may be wrong or outdated.
For more up-to-date information please refer to other sources.














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