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Bezmer Air Base

Bezmer Air BaseBezmer Air Base (IATA: JAM, ICAO: LBIA) is an air base for the Bulgarian Air Force. The base is situated in the eastern part of the Upper Thracian Lowland, in Yambol Oblast (Region), 10 km west of the city of Yambol and 30 km southeast of the city of Sliven, between the villages of Bezmer andBolyarsko, and near the Sofia-Burgas railway. The base takes its name from the nearby village, which is named after Khan Bezmer of Bulgaria (7th Century AD).

Bezmer Air Base

Bezmer Air Base

Airport type Military
Location Yambol, Bulgaria
Elevation AMSL 509 ft / 155 m
Coordinates 42°27'17"N 026°21'08"E
Direction Length Surface
m ft
12/30 2,497 8,193 Concrete
Source: DAFIF


World War I

The strategic location and particularly favorable weather conditions of the area was appreciated already during World War I, when the Imperial German Air Service built in Yambol a base for zeppelins used for reconnaissance and bombing missions to Romania, Russia, Sudan and Malta.

Post World War II

In 1955 the Bezmer Air Base hosted the 22 Fighter Air Regiment, later transformed into 22 Fighter-Bomber Air Regiment, and eventually into 22 Attack Air Base of the Bulgarian Air Force, serving as a base for Su-25 ground attack aircraft, as well as Su-22M-4 and Su-22UM-3K reconnaissance planes.

Current use

Aircraft and personnel from Bezmer have recently been participating in a number of joint military exercises including the PfP ”Cooperative Key” in Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania and France, "Immediate Response 2005" and the Bulgarian-American-Romanian ”Immediate Response 2006″.

The base has a modern communication, information and navigation system. A second phase of modernization and infrastructure development is underway, including a runway extension, which would expand the range of planes the base can support.

The Bezmer Air Base is among the joint US-Bulgarian military bases established according to the 2006 Defense Cooperation Agreement between theUnited States and Bulgaria. Some experts rank Bezmer among the six most important American military bases outside mainland USA.

Bezmer Air Base

Bezmer Air Base - BAF Su-25 and US C-130 in Bezmer
Click to enlarge


General Info
Country Bulgaria
Latitude 42.454944
42° 27' 17.80" N
Longitude 26.352222
026° 21' 08.00" E
Elevation 509 feet
155 meters
Type Military
Magnetic Variation 004° E (01/06)
Operating Agency MILITARY

ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
12/30 8193 x 260 feet
2497 x 79 meters

Source: DAFIF

The content above was published at in 2014.
We don't guarantee the information is fresh and accurate.
The data may be wrong or outdated. For more up-to-date information please refer to other sources.

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