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Brussels Airport

Brussels Airport (IATA: BRU, ICAO: EBBR) (also called Brussel-Nationaal / Bruxelles-National (Brussels-National) or Zaventem) is an international airport 6.5 NM (12.0 km; 7.5 mi) northeast of Brussels, the capital of Belgium. In 2018, more than 25 million passengers arrived or departed at Brussels Airport, making it the 24th busiest airport in Europe. It is located partially in Zaventem, partially in the Diegem area of Machelen, and partially in Steenokkerzeel, in the Flemish Region of Belgium. It is home to around 260 companies, together directly employing 20,000 people and serves as the home base for Brussels Airlines and TUI fly Belgium.

The company operating the airport is known as The Brussels Airport Company N.V./S.A.; before 19 October 2006, the name was BIAC (Brussels International Airport Company), which was created by Belgian law through a merger of BATC with the ground operations departments of the RLW/RVA. Since 2011, the airport has been owned by the Toronto-based Ontario Teachers’ Pension Plan (39%), Macquarie Group (Macquarie European Infrastructure Fund I and Macquarie European Infrastructure Fund III) (36%) and the Belgian State (25%).

On 22 March 2016 the airport’s departures hall was severely damaged by two terrorist bomb blasts. The airport was closed until 3 April 2016, when it reopened with temporary facilities at less than 20% of its previous capacity. It has since returned to full operations, with a record of 90,000 passengers on 29 July 2016.

Brussels Airport
Aéroport de Bruxelles-National (French)
Luchthaven Brussel-Nationaal (Dutch)
BrusselsAirport.svg
Brussels - National (Zaventem) - Melsbroek (BRU - EBBR - EBMB) AN1788412.jpg
  • IATA: BRU
  • ICAO: EBBR
Summary
Airport type Military/Public
Operator Brussels Airport Company
Belgian Air Component
Serves Brussels, Belgium
Location Zaventem, Belgium
Hub for
  • Brussels Airlines
  • TUI fly Belgium
  • Singapore Airlines Cargo
Elevation AMSL 184 ft / 56 m
Coordinates 50°54′05″N
004°29′04″E
Website brusselsairport.be
Maps
Airport diagram
Airport diagram
BRU is located in Belgium

BRU
Location in Belgium
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 2,987 9,800 Asphalt
07R/25L 3,211 10,535 Asphalt
07L/25R 3,638 11,936 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passengers 25,685,939
Freight (tonnes) 543,493
Aircraft movements 235,459

History

Early years

The origins of Brussels Airport at Zaventem date back to 1940, when the German occupying force claimed 600 ha (1,500 acres) of agricultural fields reserved as a back-up airfield («Steenokkerzeel»). There the Luftwaffe established Fliegerhorst Melsbroek and constructed 3 runways in the shape of a triangle: runway 02/20, runway 07L/25R (both of which are still in use today) and runway 12/30. The airport buildings were constructed in the nearby municipality of Melsbroek and not of Zaventem, which is why the airfield was known to the locals as Melsbroek (in Dutch) (or «Fliegerhorst Melsbroek» in German). There is an urban legend that the site of the airport was chosen by the Germans after asking locals where to build it–the Belgians then pointed to this location as it was often foggy.

After the liberation on 3 September 1944, the German infrastructure at Melsbroek fell into the hands of the British. When the old civilian airport in Haren became too small, the Belgian authorities decided to use the aerodrome at Melsbroek for the new national airport. By 1948, a new terminal building was constructed to replace the old wooden building. In the same year, the lengths of both runways 02/20 and 07L/25R were increased, to 1,200 m (3,900 ft) and 2,450 m (8,040 ft) respectively, whereas 12/30 remained at 1,300 m (4,300 ft). The civil aerodrome of Melsbroek was officially opened by Prince Charles, Count of Flanders, the Prince Regent, on 20 July 1948. From 1948 to 1956 many more buildings and facilities were erected, mostly on the Melsbroek side of the site.

In 1955, a railway line from Brussels city centre to the airport was constructed. The line was officially opened by King Baudouin on 15 May 1955.

In 1956 a new 2,300 m (7,500 ft) runway was constructed, 07R/25L, which almost runs parallel with 07L/25R. The runway is still in use today and saw its length later increased to 3,200 m (10,500 ft). In April 1956 the Belgian government decided to build a new airport, using the same runways, but with the buildings located within the municipality of Zaventem. In April 1957, construction started of the new terminal, preparing the airport for the 1958 World Fair. The grass runway 12/30 had to make way to allow for the new passenger terminal. This new airport was inaugurated 5 July 1958, almost just in time for the 1958 World Fair. The buildings on the Melsbroek side are still in use by the Belgian Air Force (15th Air Transport Wing), and this is still known as Melsbroek airfield. Both Zaventem Airport and Melsbroek Air Base, the military airfield, share the same runways.

Development since the 1960s

Sabena Boeing 707-300 at Brussels Airport in 1966

During the boom of commercial aviation in the 1960s and 1970s, several hangars were constructed. A new cargo terminal was constructed in 1976. In 1994, a brand new terminal was constructed adjacent to the old 1958 building. Two old piers were torn down and replaced by modern ones. In 2002, amidst the turmoil surrounding the demise of the national airline Sabena, a new pier was opened.

In 2005, the airport was awarded Best Airport in Europe by Airports Council International/International Air Transport Association(ACI/IATA), based on a survey of over 100,000 passengers worldwide. Brussels Airport continued to appear in top airports lists as of 2012. A direct train link with Leuven and Liège was opened on 12 December 2005.

In 2007, the airport served 17.8 million passengers, an increase of 7% over 2006. The cargo volume in the same year amounted to 780,000 tonnes, an increase of 8.9% over 2006. In 2008, the airport served 18.5 million passengers, which was an increase of 3.7% over the previous year.

Sabena’s demise meant a sharp fall in passenger traffic, a blow from which the airport only slowly recovered. The airport’s future is threatened by disagreement between the governments of Flanders and the Brussels Capital Region concerning night-time air traffic routes.

In March 2009, the old mechanical Flight information display systems were replaced by electronic ones. In September 2009, CEO Wilfried Van Assche resigned. One of the (unofficial) reasons was the delay in the construction of the low-cost terminal and the possible lawsuit by 52 airlines active at Brussels Airport, on the grounds of tax discrimination. It was Van Assche who started expanding the Long-Haul network (Jet Airways, Hainan Airlines, Etihad Airways and US Airways) at Brussels Airport. In February 2010 Arnaud Feist was appointed CEO. The Chairman of the Board is Marc Descheemaecker.

  • On 18 February 2013, in the 2013 Belgium diamond heist, eight men armed with automatic weapons and dressed in police uniforms seized 120 small parcels containing an estimated US$50 million worth of diamonds from a Helvetic Airways Fokker 100 passenger plane loaded with passengers preparing for departure to Zürich. The men drove two vehicles through a hole they had cut in the airport perimeter fence to Flight LX789, which had just been loaded with diamonds from a Brink’s armored van from Antwerp. They carried out the operation within five minutes with no injuries and without firing a shot.`

2016 Brussels bombings

On 22 March 2016, two explosions took place in Brussels Airport at 07:58 local time. One occurred near the American Airlines and Brussels Airlines check-in desks and the other next to a Starbucks coffee shop. A third bomb was found in the airport and detonated in a controlled explosion. The airport was closed after the attacks until 3 April, when it reopened with temporary facilities at less than 20% of its previous passenger capacity. Flights bound to Brussels Airport were either canceled or diverted to nearby airports such as Brussels South Charleroi Airport, Ostend–Bruges International Airport, and Schiphol. At 09:11 CET, an explosion took place at Maelbeek/Maalbeek metro station. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attacks as an act of revenge against Belgium for participation in the ongoing Military intervention against ISIL.

Facilities

Terminal exterior

Departures area at Pier A

Runway and apron

Control tower

Brussels Airport uses a one terminal concept, meaning that all the facilities are located under a single roof. The terminal building consists of several levels. The railway station is located on −1, buses and taxis arrive at 0, arrivals are located on level 2 and departures on level 3. Levels 2 and 3 are connected to the airport’s two piers (A and B).

Pier A

Pier A is the newest pier on Brussels Airport and was opened on 15 May 2002. This pier was destined to support flights from and to the Schengen countries (A-gates). However, since 15 October 2008 all Brussels Airlines flights to African destinations are also handled at this pier. Therefore, border control was installed towards the end of the pier in order to create a new pier. As a result, gates A61-72 were renamed T61-72. Later, Brussels Airlines’ daily flight to New York was also moved here from pier B.

Until 26 March 2015, Pier A was connected to the main building via a 400-metre-long (1,300 ft) tunnel under the apron. Each pier used to have its own security zone, so transfer between the piers involved a security check. This tunnel was replaced by the «Connector», a new building that links both piers above ground and allows passengers to walk straight from the check-in desk to their gate in pier A or B, without changing floors. In the opposite direction, the building provides arriving passengers with a smooth and convenient passage to the baggage reclaim hall and the exit. Furthermore, border control has been relocated behind the 25-lane screening platform (Europe’s largest) inside the Connector which means that changing planes no longer requires a security check.

Pier B

Pier B is the oldest pier still in use at Brussels Airport and is only used for flights outside the Schengen Area. Pier B is connected immediately to the main departure hall and consists of two decks. The upper deck (level 3) is at the same level as the departure halls and is used for the departing passengers, whereas the lower deck (level 2) is used for arriving passengers and connects immediately to border control and the baggage claim area.

Planned

Pier A West

Pier A West is a planned expansion of Pier A, and is meant to relieve Pier B by also handling flights from non-Schengencountries. Pier A West was due to open in 2016, but because of the slow passenger growth, Brussels Airport announced in July 2013 that the works would be delayed. However, in November 2015, Brussels Airport announced a major 550 million euro investment and pointed out that within this investment the extension of the pier is included.

Low-cost pier

Just as is the case for Pier A West, the construction of a new low-cost pier is currently on hold. It will be built roughly where the old south pier used to be. At present, several low-cost airlines including Ryanair and Wizz Air fly to Brussels-South Charleroi Airport, 40 km (25 mi) away from Brussels. In autumn 2013, low-cost carrier Pegasus Airlines announced it would end its flights between Brussels Airport and Turkey. The service between Brussels and Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen would relocate to Brussels-South Charleroi Airport. However, Turkish Airlines announced on 26 November 2013 it would offer one daily flight on the same route, starting one month after Pegasus terminated its operations at the airport. One day later, Ryanair announced the opening of a second Belgian base at Brussels Airport, giving a boost to low-cost traffic at Brussels Airport. Ryanair announced on 27 November 10 new routes from Brussels Airport, although Brussels-South Charleroi Airport will remain the low-cost carrier’s primary Belgian base.

Services

Shops, bars and restaurants are scattered throughout the building. A few facilities are located in the departure area. These are mostly convenience stores and small shops such as the airport shop, a pharmacy, Relay stores and a coffee shop. But most of the facilities can only be accessed after Security control –and are tax free. Several brands and chains have a branch in both piers, however several only operate in pier A. The airport also features places of worship (for Catholics, Jews, Muslims, Orthodox Christians and Protestants), as well as a place for meditation for humanists. The airport provides meeting facilities and can host congresses up to 600 participants, either in the Regus Skyport Meeting Center or in the Sheraton Brussels Airport Hotel. The latter is the only hotel located on the airport grounds, opposite the terminal. Shuttle services are provided to 14 nearby hotels.

All passengers now have unlimited free Wi-Fi access.

There is a small smoking room next to gate A67 in the transfer section of pier A.

Other facilities

Several airlines have or had its head offices at the grounds of Brussels Airport. Brussels Airlines has its corporate head office in the b.house, Airport Building 26, located in Diegem, Machelen. European Air Transport had its head office in Building 4–5, in Zaventem. Before Sabena went out of business, its head office was in the Sabena House on the grounds of Brussels Airport. When it existed, Virgin Express had its head office in Building 116 in Zaventem. SN Brussels, which formed in 2002, had its head office in Airport Building 117 in Zaventem when it existed. Prior to its disestablishment, Sobelair had its head office in Building 45 in Zaventem. CityBird was based in building 117D. The cargo airline Cargo B Airlines had its head office in the Brucarco Building 706 in Zaventem.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Brussels:

Airlines Destinations
Adria Airways Ljubljana
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Algérie Algiers, Oran
Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca, Fez, Nador, Tangier
airBaltic Riga, Tallinn
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau
Air Europa Madrid
Air Malta Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau
Alitalia Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Blue Air Bacău, Bucharest, Iași
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Abidjan, Accra, Agadir, Alicante, Banjul, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Billund, Birmingham, Bologna, Bordeaux, Bristol(resumes 1 September 2019), Budapest, Bujumbura, Conakry, Copenhagen, Cotonou, Dakar–Diass, Douala, Edinburgh, Entebbe, Faro, Freetown, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Hanover, Hurghada, Kiev–Boryspil, Kigali, Kinshasa-N’djili, Kraków, Lanzarote, Lisbon, Lomé, London–Heathrow, Luanda, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Marsa Alam, Marseille, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Monrovia, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Nantes, Naples, New York–JFK, Nice, Oslo–Gardermoen, Ouagadougou, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Porto, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Stockholm–Bromma, Strasbourg, Tel Aviv, Tenerife–South, Toronto–Pearson, Toulouse, Turin, Valencia (begins 17 February 2020), Venice, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin, Yaoundé, Yerevan
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Almería, Antalya, Athens, Bastia, Boa Vista, Burgas, Calvi, Catania, Chania, Comiso, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Enfidha, Figari, Florence, Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kalamata, Kos, Lourdes/Tarbes, Menorca, Mykonos, Ohrid, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Reus, Rhodes, Saint Petersburg, Sal, Santorini, Seville, Split, Thessaloniki, Tivat, Varna, Washington–Dulles, Zadar, Zagreb, Zakynthos
Seasonal charter: Djerba, Monastir, Tangier
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Corendon Airlines Antalya
Corendon Dutch Airlines Seasonal: Bodrum, Burgas, Heraklion, Hurghada, Kos, Rhodes
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Czech Airlines Prague
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York–JFK
easyJet Berlin–Tegel (begins 28 October 2019), Bordeaux, Nice
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse, Geneva
EgyptAir Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa1
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Salzburg, Stuttgart
Finnair Helsinki
Georgian Airways Tbilisi
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong, Shenzhen
HOP! Lyon, Rennes
Seasonal: Calvi
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík
KLM Amsterdam
Loganair East Midlands (begins 2 September 2019), Newcastle
LOT Polish Airlines Budapest (begins 30 March 2020), Tallinn, Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Middle East Airlines Beirut
Onur Air Antalya
Pegasus Airlines Seasonal: Antalya
Qatar Airways Doha
Qeshm Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca, Nador, Rabat, Tangier
Seasonal: Al Hoceima, Oujda
RwandAir Kigali2
Ryanair Alicante, Amman–Queen Alia, Barcelona, Berlin–Schönefeld, Catania (begins 27 October 2019), Dublin, Essaouira (begins 27 October 2019), Kraków (begins 27 October 2019), Larnaca, Lisbon, Madrid, Málaga, Milan–Malpensa, Marrakech, Pisa, Porto, Rome–Fiumicino, Seville (begins 27 October 2019), Valencia
Seasonal: Girona, Palma de Mallorca
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Tromsø (begins 18 January 2020)
SunExpress Seasonal: Ankara, Antalya, Izmir
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon, Porto
TAROM Bucharest
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
TUI fly Belgium Agadir, Alicante, Almería, Antalya, Banjul, Boa Vista, Cancún, Djerba, Enfidha, Fez, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Málaga, Marrakech, Marsa Alam, Miami (ends 31 August 2019), Montego Bay, La Palma, Luxor, Pristina, Punta Cana, Rabat, Sal, Santo Domingo, Sharm El Sheikh, Tangier, Tenerife–South, Tirana, Varadero
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Araxos, Athens, Bastia, Bodrum, Brač, Brindisi, Burgas, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Faro, Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Izmir, Jerez de la Frontera, Kavala, Kittilä, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Lourdes, Menorca, Mombasa, Mykonos, Mytilene, Naples, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Patras, Ponta Delgada, Puerto Plata, Reus, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Thessaloniki, Tivat, Valencia, Varna, Volos, Zakynthos, Zanzibar
Tunisair Djerba, Monastir, Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
United Airlines Chicago–O’Hare, Newark, Washington–Dulles
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Málaga, Valencia
Seasonal: Santiago de Compostela

^1 Ethiopian’s flight from Addis Ababa to Brussels either makes a stop in Vienna or continues on to Manchester. However, the airline does not have traffic rights to transport passengers solely between Brussels and Vienna or Manchester.
^2 RwandAir’s flight from Kigali to Brussels continues on to London-Gatwick. However, the airline does not have traffic rights to transport passengers solely between Brussels and London-Gatwick.

Cargo

Airlines Destinations
Air Algérie Cargo Algiers, Casablanca
Asiana Cargo Anchorage, London–Stansted, New York–JFK, Seoul–Incheon
ASL Airlines Belgium Helsinki
Avianca Cargo Bogotá, Miami
DHL Aviation Bahrain, Barcelona, Bergamo, Bratislava, Budapest, Cincinnati, Copenhagen, East Midlands, Oslo–Gardermoen, Helsinki, Lagos, Leipzig/Halle, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Madrid, Shanghai, Seoul–Incheon, Vitoria
Emirates SkyCargo Chicago–O’Hare, Dubai–Al Maktoum
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, New York–JFK, Shanghai
LATAM Cargo Chile Frankfurt, Campinas–Viracopos, Santiago de Chile
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha, Entebbe, London Stansted, Nairobi, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stavanger
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Saudia Cargo Dammam, Jeddah, Milan–Malpensa, Riyadh, Vienna
Singapore Airlines Cargo Bangalore, Mumbai, Sharjah, Singapore

Statistics

Traffic

Traffic by calendar year
Year Passenger volume Change over previous year Aircraft operations Change over previous year Cargo (tonnes) Change over previous year
2018 25,675,939 3.60% 235,459 1.00% 543,493 1.5%
2017 24,783,911 13.60% 237,888 6.30% 535,634 8.30%
2016 21,818,418 7.00% 223,688 6.50% 494,637 1.10%
2015 23,460,018 6.96% 239,349 3.38% 489,303 7.79%
2014 21,933,190 14.60% 231,528 6.90% 453,954 5.60%
2013 19,133,222 0.90% 216,678 3.00% 429,938 6.40%
2012 18,971,332 1.00% 223,431 4.40% 459,265 3.30%
2011 18,786,034 9.30% 233,758 3.60% 475,124 0.20%
2010 17,180,606 1.10% 225,682 2.60% 476,135 6.00%
2009 16,999,154 8.20% 231,668 10.50% 449,132 32.1%
2008 18,515,730 3.40% 258,795 2.10% 661,143 15.60%
2007 17,900,000 7.10% 264,366 3.80% 783,727 8.90%
2006 16,707,892 3.30% 254,772 0.60% 719,561 2.40%
2005 16,179,733 3.50% 253,255 0.30% 702,819 5.80%
2004 15,632,773 2.90% 254,070 0.70% 664,375 9.40%
2003 15,194,097 5.40% 252,249 1.80% 607,136 13.1%
2002 14,410,555 26.8% 256,889 15.9% 536,826 8.00%
2001 19,684,867 9.00% 305,532 6.30% 583,729 15.1%
2000 21,637,003 7.90% 352,972 4.20% 687,385 1.90%
1999 20,048,532 15.7% 312,892 4.30% 674,837
1998 18,400,000 15.7% 300,000 8.30%
1997 15,900,000 18.7% 277,000 4.90%
1996 13,400,000 7.20% 264,000
1995 12,500,000 11.6%
1994 11,200,000
1993 10,000,000+
1950 240,000+
  • The relapse in 2001 and 2002 is due to the combined effects of the September 11 Attacks and the collapse of then home carrier Sabena in the final quarter of 2001.
  • The Cargo relapse in 2008 and 2009 is due to the combined effects of the Financial crisis of 2007–08, also affecting passenger volumes in 2009, and the relocation of DHL Aviation to Leipzig/Halle Airport. DHL departed after the Belgian government decided they couldn’t operate more cargo flights at night because of noise for the people living in the surrounding area.
  • The 2016 decrease in passenger numbers and aircraft movements results from the 2016 Brussels bombings which caused the airport to close for 11 days before reopening with severely reduced capacity.

Routes

Busiest European routes from Brussels Airport
Rank Destination Airport(s) Passengers 2018 Passengers 2017 Passengers 2016
1 Madrid MAD 1,009,602 966,146 763,016
2 Barcelona BCN 940,782 927,618 889,180
3 Lisbon LIS 733,920 738,243 698,131
4 Rome FCO 720,067 719,436 713,392
5 London LHR 688,333 654,712 587,487
6 Milan MXP, LIN 639,346 644,841 492,068
7 Geneva GVA 608,377 591,857 545,230
8 Frankfurt FRA 589,109 549,296 467,068
9 Malaga AGP 537,230 533,863 499,228
10 Berlin TXL, SXF 497,362 622,816 703,272
Busiest Intercontinental routes from Brussels Airport
Rank Destination Airport(s) Passengers 2018 Passengers 2017 Passengers 2016
1 New York City JFK, EWR 472,960 454,187 441,212
2 Dubai DXB 343,452 228,001 187,049
3 Tel Aviv TLV 287,627 295,464 267,366
4 Washington, D.C. IAD 251,655 231,859 212,027
5 Montréal YUL 205,282 197,550 174,843
6 Doha DOH 172,493 169,111 156,644
7 Abu Dhabi AUH 154,054 170,549 144,239
8 Casablanca CMN 145,218 159,188 142,294
9 Bangkok BKK 142,175 125,264 N/A
10 Chicago ORD 139,487 131,388 92,282

Ground transportation

Road

Brussels Airport bus service

Brussels Airport can be reached by car via the A201, which is directly connected to the Brussels Ring Road. From there, the main highways of Belgium can directly be accessed. Private partners provide three car parks at the airport, offering in total 10,600 parking spaces. Shell operates a self-service gas station near the exit of the airport complex.

Several car rental services are located in the airport as well. Europcar, Hertz, Sixt and Thrifty all operate at Brussels Airport. DriveNow also offers a car sharing service at Brussels airport located at P3 Holiday Parking, and Zipcar has parking spaces. Taxi2Share provides sharing cab service from airport.

De Lijn provides bus transportation to and from various cities in Flanders from platforms A and B (via Brucargo). The MIVB/STIB provides transportation into Brussels city centre at Brussels Luxembourg Station via line 12 (weekdays before 8 pm) or line 21 (weekends and evenings after 8 pm) from platform C. Platform E is used by the Hotel Shuttles, offering shuttle services to several hotels near the area.

Taxis are permanently available in front of the arrivals hall. Licensed taxis can be recognized by the blue and yellow emblem.

Rail

Brussels National Airport railway station

The Airport Railway Station is located under the airport building at level −1. The train station has direct services to Antwerp, Brussels, De Panne, Ghent, Hasselt, Landen, Leuven, Mechelen, Nivelles and Quévy. At least four trains per hour serve the most used link to Brussels South Railway Station, where international connections are offered by Eurostar (to London), Thalys(to Amsterdam, Avignon, Cologne, Essen, Lille, Marseille, Paris and Valence), ICE (to Cologne and Frankfurt), and Eurocity (to Basel, Bern, Chur, Luxembourg and Zürich).

A direct train link with Leuven was opened on 12 December 2005. A direct link with Antwerp and Mechelen via the so-called Diabolo line was opened for public service on 10 June 2012. The Diabolo project is a public-private partnership. It has been decided that all rail passengers to the Brussels National Airport railway station pay a «Diabolo supplement» to finance the ongoing and planned work.

As of December 2014, a direct train link between Bruges and the Airport will be offered, just as an Intercity service to Schiphol and Amsterdam.

Since the new Schuman-Josaphat tunnel has been finished, a new connection has been established to connect Brussels Airport directly to the stations of the EU quarter, being Brussels-Schuman and Brussels-Luxembourg. This brought the travel time between the Airport and the EU quarter to 15 minutes. The Belgian Railways announced the line to open as an hourly service. However, the line now sees a train every 30 minutes on weekdays.

Tram

In an attempt to alleviate gridlock around Brussels, the regional transport company De Lijn started the Brabantnet project. Three new lightrail lines will be created, of which 2 will have a stop at Brussels Airport;

  • The Airport Tram, connecting Brussels Airport to Brussels-North, but taking a different trajectory from the existing railway line.
  • The Ring Tram, roughly following the northern side of the Brussels Ring and connecting several Brussels suburbs and Vilvoorde to the Airport

The Brabantnet project is scheduled to be finished by 2020.

To speed up the process, testing started in August 2016 with a Trambus, a Bus rapid transit system developed by Belgian bus builder Van Hool. As these require less investment, the Ringtrambus will be able to start service in september 2019. The vehicles will initially be used on bus route 820 between Brussels Airport and the Brussels University Hospital in Jette. They will travel via Brucargo, the station and the centre of Vilvoorde, the Kassei neighbourhood, the employment area around the Medialaan, Strombeek and the Heysel. This solution would be an in-between step until the tram line is finished.

The Airport Tram will be an extension of present Brussels Tram line 55 and line 62, and will roughly follow the A201 Motorway, but will need a large bridge to cross the Brussels Ring into the Airport.

Bicycle

Brussels Airport has a special separated road that provides access to the airport for bikers and pedestrians. There is also a special place to park bikes. By 2018 a connection will be created between the airport and the Bike Highway Brussels — Leuven. This should increase the number of employees commuting by bike, which only stands at 1%.

Accidents and incidents

The Boeing 747 that overran the runway in 2008

  • On 15 February 1961, Sabena Flight 548, a Boeing 707, crashed during approach on runway 20, killing all 72 people on board and one on the ground. This was the first fatal accident involving a Boeing 707, resulting in the death of the entire United States Figure Skating team on its way to the World Figure Skating Championships in Prague, Czechoslovakia, which the International Skating Union subsequently cancelled out of respect for the team.
  • Four aircraft were destroyed on 5 May 2006 when Sabena Technics’ hangar 40 burned down. The aircraft were one Lockheed C-130 Hercules (Belgian Air Component) and three Airbus A320 (Armavia, Armenian International Airways and Hellas Jet).
  • On 25 May 2008, a Boeing 747-200F operated by Kalitta Air, overran the shorter runway 20, crashed into a field and split in three. Four of the five people on board received minor injuries.

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General Info
Country Belgium
ICAO ID EBBR, EBMB
Time UTC+1(+2DT)
Latitude 50.901389
50° 54' 05.00" N
Longitude 4.484444
004° 29' 04.00" E
Elevation 184 feet
56 meters
Type Joint (Civil and Military)
Magnetic Variation 000° W (05/06)
Operating Agency CIVIL GOVERNMENT, (LANDING FEES AND DIPLOMATIC CLEARANCE MAY BE REQUIRED)
Alternate Name MELSBROEK
Operating Hours 24 HOUR OPERATIONS
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry
Daylight Saving Time Last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October


Communications
ABELAG UNICOM 130.55
TWR 118.6
388.525
120.775
257.8
MELSBROEK OPS 140.575
367.95
Mil
GND 121.875
118.05
121.7
DEP 126.625
CLNC DEL 121.95
ATIS ARR 132.475
APP 118.25
120.1
122.5
389.375
362.3
(118.25 S,W,N tfc, FL65 and abv)(120.1 E tfc)(122.5 389.375 362.3 cros Mil area)


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
02/20 9800 x 164 feet
2987 x 50 meters
ASPHALT 059FAWT YES
07R/25L 10535 x 148 feet
3211 x 45 meters
ASPHALT 062FAWT YES
07L/25R 11936 x 148 feet
3638 x 45 meters
CONCRETE. 080FAWT YES


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
VOR-DME BUN BRUNO 043X 110.6 9.9 NM 227.1
NDB OZ BRUSSELS - 314 4.5 NM 008.5


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel Jet A1, without icing nhibitor.

100/130 octane gasoline, leaded, MIL-L-5572F (GREEN)
Oil O-133, 1010, jet Engine Oil (MIL l 6081)

O-147, MIL L 6085A Lubrication Oil, Instrument Synthetic

O-149, Aircraft Turbine Engine Synthetic 7.5c St

O-156, MIL L 23699 (Synthetic Base)Turboprop/Turboshaft Engine
Other Fluids WAI, Water-Alcohol Injection Type, Thrust Augmenation-Jet Aircraft

DE-ICE, Anti-icing/De-icing/Defrosting Fluid (MIL A 8243)

LHOX, Low and high pressure oxygen servicing

LOX, Liquid oxygen servicing

OX, Indicates oxygen servicing when type of servicing is unknown


Remarks
CAUTION Extv arpt const UFN; cranes erected on lt side of Rwys 25R and 20. Ocnl false capture rpt, confirm validity of ILS capture.
FLUID De-Ice WAI LHOX LOX
FUEL Avbl 0730-1620Z++ Mon-Fri, aft 1620Z++ PPR; 0600-2100Z++ Sat, Sun and hol. A1 (Air BP C+32-2-751-780) 100LL
JASU 1(A1) 1(G-10)
NS ABTMT See AP/2.
OIL O-133-147-149-156
RSTD Proh 2200-0500Z++ to jets exceeding noise levels specified in ICAO Annex 16, Chapter 2, exc with prior perms fr arpt mgr. Mil acft ldg EBMB PPR 48 hr. Ldg/dep EBMB ctc Melsbroek OPS 15 min prior to ETA and 15 min aft ATD. Chgover fr Twy R3 to R4 only avbl for CAT C acft max wingspan of 118'.
RWY Rpt LDA - Rwys; 25L - 10535; 07L - 11089, 25R - 10951.



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