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Nieuport 12

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

Nieuport 12
Role Fighter/Reconaissance
Manufacturer Nieuport
Designed by Gustave Delage
Primary users France
Russian Empire

United Kingdom

Developed from Nieuport 10

The Nieuport 12 was a French biplane fighter aircraft used by both Great Britain and France during World War I.

Design and development

To improve the performance of the Nieuport 10 a larger and re-engined version was developed as the Nieuport 12. A Lewis gun was fitted to the rear cockpit for use of the observer and the pilot sometimes had a Lewis gun fixed to the upper wing firing over the propeller. Late examples of the type, used by the Royal Flying Corps were sometimes fitted with a Nieuport or Scarff ring mounting for the observer's gun, and a synchronized Vickers gun for the pilot.

It could be fitted with either a 100 hp (82 kW) or 130 hp (97 kW) Clerget engine mounted in the nose.


Nieuport 12
Two-seat fighter-reconaissance biplane.
Nieuport 80E.2, 80D.2 and 83E.2
Nieuport 12s were later converted into training aircraft, they were fitted with extra struts and four-wheel landing gear.


One aircraft only.
 Russian Empire
 Thailand (Siam)
One aircraft only.
 United Kingdom

Specifications (110 hp Clerget engine)

Data from The Complete Book of Fighters

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 (pilot, observer)
  • Length: 7.00 m (22 ft 11½ in)
  • Wingspan: 9.00 m (29 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 22.0 m² (237 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 550 kg (1,213 lb)
  • Gross weight: 850 kg (1,874 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Clerget, 82 kW (110 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 146 km/h (91 mph)
  • Endurance: 3hours
  • Service ceiling: 3,960 m (13,000 ft)


  • 1 × machine gun in rear cockpit (Occasionally one machine gun braced to upper wing)

See also

Related development

Related lists


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Published - July 2009

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