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Yakovlev Yak-18T

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,


Yak-18T (Як-18T)
Yak-18T (manufactured 1999)
Role Training aircraft,
Manufacturer Yakovlev
First flight 1967
Introduced 1967
Primary users Aeroflot
Soviet Air Force
Philippines Air Force
Number built 750+
Developed from Yak-18
Variants Technoavia SM-94


The Yakovlev Yak-18T is a four-place, fully aerobatic utility aircraft. Introduced to train Aeroflot pilots, it has recently gained some popularity as a sportplane in both the East and the West. It is powered by a 268-298 kW (360-400 hp) Vedeneyev M14P radial engine, and is designed for stresses of +6.4/-3.2 g.

Design and development

Based on the Yak-18 series of two seat trainers that first flew in 1946, the Yak-18T was the last production model. A considerable number of design and engineering changes took place including a larger cabin with seating for four, tricycle undercarriage (single seat Yak-18PMs had tricycle undercarriage also), as well as the 265 kW (355 hp) Vedneyev M14 nine cylinder radial engine being installed.

Compared with other four-seat light aircraft such as the Cessna 172 or the Piper PA-28, the Yak-18T is only a little wider and longer but it is much heavier and is equipped with a considerably more powerful engine. The Yak-18T is perhaps better compared with the Piper Saratoga which has two extra seats but which has a similar maximum weight, together with a retractable undercarriage and a similarly powerful engine. The Yak-18T is, however, distinguished by its strong construction, aerobatic capability and docile yet responsive handling characteristics.

The Yak-18T prototype had its first flight in mid-1967 and subsequently the type was placed in series production in Smolensk.

Operational history

The Yak-18T went on to become the standard basic trainer with Aeroflot flight schools, while small numbers also entered service with the Soviet Air Force as liaison and communications aircraft. After approximately 700 were built, many for Aeroflot, production ceased in the late 1980s.

In 1993, the Smolensk Aircraft Factory put the -18T back into production after receiving a number of new contracts, including 20 for the Philippine Air Force. A number of civilian-licenced Yak-18Ts have also found their way into the west.

Currently, Technoavia offers the SM94, its own development of the Yak-18T featuring curved front glass, larger capacity fuel tanks and choice of avionics package, but production is dependent on orders being placed.


 Soviet Union

Specifications (Yak-18T)

Data from Richard Goode Aerobatics; Yak UK; Unofficial translation of Flight Operations Manual.

General characteristics

  • Crew: one, pilot
  • Capacity: Three passengers
  • Length: 8.39 m (27 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 11.16 m (36 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 3.40 m (11 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 18.9 m² (203.36 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 1,240 kg (2,734 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 1,650 kg (3,638 lb)
  • Useful load: 410 kg (904 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1× Vedeneyev M14P 9-cylinder air-cooled radial engine, 268 kW (360 hp)


See also

Yakovlev - designer and manufacturer of the Yak-18T.


Text from Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply.

Published in July 2009.

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