The EADS Socata Rallye was a light aircraft manufactured in France during the 1960s, originally by Morane-Saulnier as the MS.880. It was eventually replaced in production by the Socata TB series in the 1970s, but continued in production in Poland under licence by PZL as the PZL Koliber.
The Rallye is a single engined, low wing monoplane of all metal construction, fitted with a fixed undercarriage. Power was from one of a range of progressively more powerful air cooled engines, ranging from a 100 hp (75 kW) Continental O-200 engine in the Rallye Club, to a 235 hp (175 kW) Lycoming O-540 in the Rallye 235. It has a bulbous cockpit which houses two people in the basic low powered variants and four in the more powerful aircraft, some of which are designed to be used as glider tugs.
In 1958, Morane-Saulnier designed a single engined light aircraft, the MS.880 Rallye Club,in response to a French government competition. The prototype, powered by a 90 hp (67kW) engine, first flew on 10 June 1959. The first versions, the MS.880B and more powerful MS.885, were certified as airworthy on 21 November 1961.
Morane-Saulnier became part of Sud Aviation in 1965, and was renamed Socata in 1966, continuing to build the Rallye in large numbers through the remainder of the 1960s and well into the 1970s. In 1979, Socata renamed the Rallye series, with each model getting an individual, "more Gallic" name. They were gradually replaced in French production by the Socata TB series, the last (of approximately 3,300 ) aircraft built by Socata, an armed R235 Guerrier, being delivered in December 1984.
This was not the end of Rallye production, however, as Socata had sold a license for production of the Rallye 100ST to the Polish State aviation company PZL, the aircraft being produced in its Warsaw factory as the PZL Koliber (Humming Bird). The first PZL built aircraft flew on 18 April 1978, entering production in 1979, with 10 being produced that year.
Specifications (180 GT)
Data from Jane's All the World Aircraft 1976-77
Published - July 2009
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