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The heat shield of the Space Shuttle, showing the ceramic tiles and reinforced carbon panels that constitute its construction.|
Discarded heat shield of the Opportunity rover on Mars. It has been inverted by its impact with the ground.|
A trans-atmospheric heat shield is a protective layer on a spacecraft or ballistic missile that is designed to protect it from the high temperature of atmospheric entry, on a body with an atmosphere, such as Earth, Mars and Venus.
Heat shields also exist as part of modern automobiles.
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Published in July 2009.
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