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Sputnik 9

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,


Korabl-Sputnik 4 (Russian: Корабль-Спутник 4 meaning Ship-Satellite 4) or Vostok-3KA No.1, also known as Sputnik 9 in the West, was a Soviet spacecraft which was launched in 1961. Carrying the mannequin Ivan Ivanovich, a dog named Chernushka, some mice and a guinea pig, it was a test flight of the Vostok spacecraft.

Korabl-Sputnik 4 was launched at 06:29:00 UTC on 9 March 1961, atop a Vostok-K carrier rocket flying from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome. It was successfully placed into low Earth orbit. The spacecraft was only intended to complete a single orbit, so it was deorbited shortly after launch, and reentered on its first pass over the Soviet Union. It landed at 08:09:54 UTC, and was successfully recovered. During the descent, the mannequin was ejected from the spacecraft in a test of its ejection seat, and descended separately under its own parachute.

Korabl-Sputnik 4
Mission type Biological
Harvard designation 1961 Theta 1
COSPAR ID 1961-008A
SATCAT no. 91
Mission duration 1 hour, 41 minutes
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type Vostok-3KA
Manufacturer OKB-1
Launch mass 4,700 kilograms (10,400 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 9 March 1961, 06:29:00 UTC
Rocket Vostok-K 8K72K s/n E103-14
Launch site Baikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing date 9 March 1961, 08:09:54 UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Low Earth
Perigee 173 kilometres (107 mi)
Apogee 239 kilometres (149 mi)
Inclination 64.93 degrees
Period 88.6 minutes

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Published in May 2019.

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