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Ataturk Airport



Atatürk International Airport
Atatürk Uluslararası Havalimanı
IATA: IST – ICAO: LTBA
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner General Directorate of State Airports
Operator TAV Airport Management
Serves Istanbul, Turkey
Location Yeşilköy
Hub for *Turkish Airlines
  • Atlasjet
  • Onur Air
Elevation AMSL 163 ft / 50 m
Coordinates 40°58′34″N 028°48′51″E / 40.97611°N 28.81417°E / 40.97611; 28.81417 (Atatürk International Airport)Coordinates: 40°58′34″N 028°48′51″E / 40.97611°N 28.81417°E / 40.97611; 28.81417 (Atatürk International Airport)
Website www.ataturkairport.com
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18L/36R 3,000 9,843 Concrete
18R/36L 3,000 9,843 Concrete
05/23 2,600 8,366 Grooved Asphalt
Statistics (2009)
Total passengers 29,757,384
International Passengers 18,363,739
Sources: Turkish AIP at EUROCONTROL

Atatürk International Airport (formerly Yeşilköy International Airport) (IATA: IST, ICAO: LTBA) (Turkish: Atatürk Uluslararası Havalimanı) is the major international airport in Istanbul, Turkey. Opened in 1924 and located in Yeşilköy, on the European side of the city, it is 24 km (15 mi) west of the city centre. In 1980, the airport was renamed to Atatürk International Airport in honor of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and the first president of the Republic of Turkey. With total passenger traffic of 30 million for the year 2009, it is among the top 40 airports in the world in terms of total passenger traffic and the 20th busiest in the world in terms of international passenger traffic. It is Europe's 9th busiest airport. See statistics below for more information.

Terminals, airlines and destinations

Atatürk airport has four terminals:

  • Terminal A, for domestic flights
  • Terminal B, for international flights
  • Terminal C, for cargo flights
  • General Aviation Terminal

Inaugurated in 2001, the international terminal is an efficient and modern terminal. After the new terminal opened, domestic flights were moved to the old international terminal. Despite its 1970s design, this new domestic terminal can handle more passengers than the more modern but smaller previous domestic terminal.

The airport terminals have been operated by TAV (Tepe-Akfen-Ventures) since January 2000. TAV has invested US$600 million since 1998. In 2005 TAV won the concession agreement to operate Atatürk for 15.5 years at a record breaking amount of $3 billion, which also represents the highest figure for such a privatization project in Turkey, Eastern Europe, Middle East, Commonwealth of Independent States and North Africa.

TAV (Tepe-Akfen-Ventures) started its construction at the airport for new boarding gates at international terminal as well as building a new air traffic control tower. Unused facility buildings are demolished and 3 new boarding bridges are being built. When the new tower is completed, the old one will be demolished.When the international terminal is expanded, some of the jet ways will be left to the domestics terminal which are on the west of the international terminal, connected to it. Also there is a plan to build another runway parallel to runway 06/24, so when the original runway 06/24 is under repair, this runway will be able to handle the traffic without any problem. But to work on this project, the military land is a fact of negotiation between the authorities as the space for new runway belongs to military. Also there are plans to expand the length of the runway 06/24 as well, by this way, runway will be able to handle larger aircraft as most airlines started to fly to Istanbul with larger aircrafts.[2].

Passenger


Atatürk Airport at night.
Atatürk Airport at night.
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Ljubljana B
Aegean Airlines Athens B
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo B
Aerosvit Airlines Dnepropetrovsk, Donetsk, Kiev-Boryspil, Odessa, Simferopol B
Air Algérie Algiers, Constantine, Oran B
Air Astana Almaty, Astana, Atyrau B
Air Baltic Riga B
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle B
Air Malta Malta B
Air Moldova Chişinău B
airBaltic Riga B
Albanian Airlines Tirana B
Alitalia Rome-Fiumicino, Turin B
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul B
Armavia Yerevan B
Atlasjet Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, İzmir A
Atlasjet Arbil, Dubrovnik, Mykonos [seasonal], Ercan, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sulaimaniyah, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Yerevan B
Turkish Airlines Vienna B
Turkish operated by Tyrolean Airways Vienna B
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku B
Azmar Airlines Sulaimaniyah B
Belavia Minsk B
B&H Airlines Sarajevo B
British Airways London-Heathrow B
Buraq Air Tripoli, Benghazi B
Caspian Airlines Tehran-Imam Khomeini B
Corendon Airlines Amsterdam, Tehran-Imam Khomeini B
Delta Air Lines New York-JFK B
Donavia Rostov-on-Don, Sochi B
Eastok Avia Sulaimaniyah B
EgyptAir Cairo B
Emirates Dubai B
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi B
Finnair Helsinki B
Freebird Airlines Madrid B
Germania Berlin-Tegel, Frankfurt, Düsseldorf B
Gulf Air Bahrain B
Hamburg International Hamburg, Stuttgart B
Iberia Madrid B
Iran Air Tabriz, Tehran-Imam Khomeini B
Iraqi Airways Bagdad B
Jat Airways Belgrade B
Jetairfly Brussels South-Charleroi B
Kish Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini B
KLM Amsterdam B
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon B
Kuban Airlines Krasnodar B
Libyan Airlines Benghazi, Tripoli B
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw B
Lufthansa Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich B
Mahan Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini B
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur B
Malév Hungarian Airlines Budapest B
Middle East Airlines Beirut B
Motor Sich Airlines Zaporizhia B
Olympic Air Athens B
Onur Air (Charter) Barcelona, Bilbao, Bologna, Dubai, Düsseldorf, Ercan, Kayseri, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles De Gaulle, Seville, Tel Aviv, Valencia, Zaragoza, Zürich B
Onur Air (Scheduled) Adana, Antalya, Bodrum, Dalaman, Diyarbakir, Erzurum, Gaziantep, İzmir, Malatya, Samsun, Trabzon A
Pakistan International Airlines Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, Islamabad, Karachi B
Pegasus Airlines operated by IZair İzmir A
Polet Airlines Voronezh B
Qatar Airways Doha B
Red Wings Airlines Moscow-Vnukovo B
Rossiya St Petersburg B
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca B
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia B
Sky Airlines Antalya A
Sky Airlines Hamburg, Tel Aviv B
Somon Air Dushanbe B
Saudi Arabian Airlines Jeddah, Madinah, Riyadh B
Scandinavian Airlines Stockholm-Arlanda [seasonal] B
SCAT Aktau B
Singapore Airlines Dubai, Singapore B
SkyExpress Moscow-Vnukovo B
Swiss International Airlines Zürich B
Syrian Air Aleppo, Damascus B
Tailwind Airlines Düsseldorf B
Tajikistan Airlines Dushanbe B
TAROM Bucharest-Otopeni B
Tatarstan Airlines Kazan B
Tunis Air Tunis B
Turkish Airlines Adana, Adıyaman, Ağrı, Ankara, Antalya, Batman, Bodrum, Çanakkale, Dalaman, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Elazığ, Erzincan, Erzurum, Eskişehir, Gaziantep, Hatay, Isparta, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Kars, Kayseri, Konya, Malatya, Mardin, Merzifon, Muş, Nevşehir, Samsun, Şanlıurfa, Sinop, Sivas, Trabzon, Uşak, Van A
Turkish Airlines Abu Dhabi, Accra, Addis Ababa, Aleppo, Alexandria-Borg el Arab [ends 30 October], Alexandria-El Nohza [begins 1 November], Algiers, Almaty, Amman, Amsterdam, Ashgabat, Astana, Athens, Baghdad, Bahrain, Baku, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Batumi, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing-Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Benghazi, Berlin-Tegel, Birmingham, Bishkek, Bologna, Brussels, Bucharest-Otopeni, Budapest, Cairo, Cape Town, Casablanca, Chicago-O'Hare, Chişinău, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Dakar, Damascus, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Dnepropetrovsk, Doha, Donetsk, Dubai, Dublin, Dushanbe, Düsseldorf, Entebbe, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hamburg, Hanover, Helsinki, Ho Chi Minh City [begins 29 December], Hong Kong, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeddah, Johannesburg, Karachi, Kazan, Khartoum, Kiev-Boryspil, Kuwait, Lagos, Lisbon, Ljubljana, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles [begins 3 March], Lviv, Lyon, Madinah, Madrid, Manchester, Mashhad, Milan-Malpensa, Minsk, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, Munich, Muscat, Nairobi, New York-JFK, Nice, Nicosia-Ercan, Nuremberg, Odessa, Osaka-Kansai, Oslo-Gardermoen, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Podgorica, Prague, Pristina, Riga, Riyadh, Rome-Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, St Petersburg, Sana'a, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Sarajevo, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Simferopol, Singapore, Skopje, Sochi, Sofia, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tabriz, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv, Tirana, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Tripoli, Tunis, Ufa, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Warsaw, Washington-Dulles [begins 7 November], Yekaterinburg, Zagreb, Zürich B
Turkuaz Airlines Hanover, Stuttgart B
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat B
Uzbekistan Airlines Tashkent B
Viking Hellas Erbil [begins 2 November] B

Cargo airlines

Airlines Destinations
ACT Airlines Hong Kong, New York-JFK, Lahore, Singapore, Tallinn
Air France Cargo Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Cargolux Luxembourg
DHL Aviation operated by MNG Cargo Leipzig/Halle
EgyptAir Cargo Cairo
Jade Cargo International Hong Kong
KLM Cargo operated by Martinair Cargo Amsterdam
Kuzu Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Dubai, Kuwait, London-Gatwick
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
MNG Cargo Frankfurt-Hahn, London-Luton, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Tallinn, Tel Aviv
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Royal Jordanian Cargo Amman
TNT Airways Europe
Turkish Airlines Cargo Algiers-Houari, Almaty, Amman, Beirut-Hariri International, Cairo, Casablanca, Cologne/Bonn, Damascus, Delhi, Dubai, Frankfurt-Main, London-Gatwick, Maastrict, Madrid, Milan-Malpesa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pristina, Tbilisi, Tel Aviv, Tripoli, Tirana, Zürich
ULS Airlines Cargo Beijing, Hong Kong, Manila, Shanghai
UPS Airlines Europe

Other facilities

Turkish Airlines has its headquarters in the Turkish Airlines General Management Building, located on the airport property.

Traffic

Atatürk Airport still faces capacity issues; it ranks somewhere between 30th and 40th in the world by both cargo and passenger traffic, handling over 825,000 tonnes of load (cargo, freight and mail) and over 30 million passengers in the year 2009. The total number of passengers has doubled in the past five years, and domestic traffic has almost quadrupled (see statistics section below). Its rated capacity of 14 million international passengers per year and 10 million domestic passengers per year was barely sufficient for the demand in 2007 and 2008. The Istanbul greater metropolitan area is expected/projected to have a demand of 25 million international passengers and 25 million domestic passengers annually by the year 2015. However, introduction of high speed trains between Ankara and Istanbul in 2010, and completion of the construction of the intercity highways linking Istanbul to other cities (to Bursa, İzmir, Antalya and the Black Sea Speedway) may help decrease this demand.

Atatürk shares traffic with Sabiha Gökçen International Airport, which is on the Anatolian (Asian) side of Istanbul, which had annual passenger traffic of just 6.3 million in 2009. The two airports both provide domestic and international service to the Istanbul area.

A third big airport is being planned in Silivri suburb of Istanbul 40 km west of Istanbul, in order to meet Istanbul's growing domestic and international air traffic demand as a source, destination and transit point.

If the current passenger growth maintains itself, IST is expected to become one of the 30 busiest airports in the world in terms of total passenger traffic for 2010.

Below is the passenger data for Istanbul for the years 2002–2009:

Statistics

The 'total' column below exclude the number of transit passengers. For the year 2007, 2,706,614 transit passengers used Turkish airports, and 2,365,206 (87.4%) of this was through Istanbul Atatürk Airport. [3][4]

.

(*) Preliminary data (**) Estimate based on total transit volume of Turkish airports. (***) Link:[5] Source: DHMI.gov.tr

Access

There are several ways to travel between Atatürk International Airport and the city center.

  • Light Rail Service : Light rail service exists between Aksaray and Atatürk International Airport. The line goes through some major parts of the European side of the city; including the intercity bus terminal. The LRT takes the passengers to Aksaray in 30–35 minutes. The approximate cost is 0.75 euros one-way.
  • Airport Shuttle Service : The shuttle services are operated by Havaş, which is one of the major ground handling companies within Turkey. The busses run half-hourly to Bakırköy, Yenikapı, Aksaray, Taksim Square, hourly to Kozyatağı (on the Anatolian side), two-hourly to Etiler-Akmerkez. Also, there is a fast ferry terminal in Bakırköy which connects the terminal to Bostancı and Kadıköy. Havaş buses run between the airport and the fast ferry terminal according to the departures and arrivals of the ferries.
  • Municipality Bus : Municipality buses also run to Taksim, Etiler and Kozyatağı. This is a slower but much cheaper alternative than Havaş.
  • Car : The airport is accessible through the coastal road, D-100 international road and TEM (Trans-European Motorway).

Incidents and accidents

At the airport

  • 2006 fire: At about 3:30 p.m. (local summer time, GMT+3) on 24 May 2006, a fire broke out in the cargo terminal (Terminal C) building, about 1 km away from the international and domestic terminal buildings, billowing clouds of black smoke and forcing the suspension of some air traffic. Local officials have reportedly attributed the fire to sparks from a soldering iron. Three people were treated for smoke inhalation. The fire was under control after 90 minutes of work by firemen and accompanying two Bombardier CL-215 fire-fighting planes which were hired two days previously by the Metropolitan Municipality.
  • On 23 March 2007 an Ariana Afghan Airlines Airbus A300B4 (YA-BAD) after a flight from Kabul via Ankara, landed at Atatürk International Airport, overran the runway and came to a halt resting on its right wing. The weather at the time was poor with rain and gusting winds. As of 2007 the aircraft was being dismantled.
  • On 11 October 2007 a charter flight by Egypt's AMC Airlines, a McDonnell Douglas MD-83 (SU-BOY), made an emergency belly landing at the Atatürk International Airport while on route from Hurghada International Airport to Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport, overshooting the runway. There were no fatalities; there was one injury, and the plane was badly damaged.
  • On October 4, 2009 - Jat Airways Flight JU420, a Boeing 737-300 from Belgrade, overran the runway by about 50 meters stopping with all gear on soft ground. The plane carried 125 passengers and 6 crew on board. All 125 passengers and six crew members were evacuated safely.
  • On 12 August 2010, Azerbaijan Airlines Flight 75, operated by Airbus A319-111 4K-AZ04 suffered a collapse of the undercarriage when the aircraft departed the runway on landing. The aircraft was substantially damaged but all 127 passengers and crew escaped unharmed.

Involving aircraft arriving to and departing from the airport

  • 3 March 1974 - Turkish Airlines Flight 981, which crashed in France due to explosive decompression, killing all 346 people aboard. The main cause was a design fault on the cargo doors of DC-10 aircraft, registered TC-JAV and named Ankara. Prior to the Tenerife airport disaster, it was the deadliest aircraft disaster in the world.
  • On 10 September 1976, a Trident 3B on British Airways Flight 476, flying from London Heathrow to Istanbul collided in mid-air with an Inex Adria DC9-32 near Zagreb, Croatia, resulting in the 1976 Zagreb mid-air collision. All 54 passengers and 9 crew members on the BA aircraft died.
  • On 16 January 1983, Turkish Airlines Flight 158, a Boeing 727-2F2 (registration TC-JBR, named Afyon) landed about 50 m (160 ft) short of the runway at Ankara Esenboğa Airport (ESB/LTAC) in driving snow, broke up and caught fire. 47 passengers died, all of the seven crew and 13 passengers survived the accident with injuries.
  • On 8 January 2003 - Turkish Airlines Flight 634, an Avro RJ-100 (registration: TC-THG, named Konya) crashed while on a VOR/DME approach to runway 34 at Diyarbakir Airport (DIY/LTCC), Turkey. 75 of the 80 passengers and crew died.
  • 25 February 2009 - Turkish Airlines Flight 1951, a Boeing 737-800 from Istanbul, crashed on approach to Amsterdam Airport. The plane carried 128 passengers and 7 crew on board. Nine people have died, 86 passengers were injured, of whom six in critical condition.

Trivia

Appeared under the former name of Yeşilköy Airport in the film From Russia with Love.

Destination for the nonstop flight from New York in 1931 by Russell Boardman and John Polando in a modified Bellanca monoplane called the 'Cape Cod', which set a new nonstop distance record. Polando describes the flight in his autobiography Wings Over Istanbul.



The above content comes from Wikipedia and is published under free licenses – click here to read more.


General Info
Country Turkey
ICAO ID LTBA
Time UTC+2(+3DT)
Latitude 40.976922
40° 58' 36.92" N
Longitude 28.814606
028° 48' 52.58" E
Elevation 163 feet
50 meters
Type Civil
Magnetic Variation 004° E (01/06)
Beacon Yes
Operating Agency CIVIL GOVERNMENT, (LANDING FEES AND DIPLOMATIC CLEARANCE MAY BE REQUIRED)
Alternate Name YESILKOY
Near City Istanbul
Operating Hours 24 HOUR OPERATIONS
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry
Daylight Saving Time Dates notified by NOTAM


Communications
YESILKOY TWR 118.1
121.8
257.8
YESILKOY RAMP 121.9
YESILKOY GND 121.8
121.9
YESILKOY DELIVERY 121.7
ATIS 128.2
YESILKOY APP 120.5
121.1
362.3
NORTH 120.5, SOUTH 121.1
Communications Remarks  
CLD Acft ctc YESILKOY clnc del for ATC clnc 10 min prior to start up.


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
06/24 7546 x 197 feet
2300 x 60 meters
CONCRETE. 100RAXT YES
18R/36L 9842 x 148 feet
3000 x 45 meters
CONCRETE. 100RAWT YES
18L/36R 9842 x 148 feet
3000 x 45 meters
CONCRETE. 100RAWT YES


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
VORTAC IST ISTANBUL 072X 112.5 At Field -


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel Jet A1+, Jet A1 with icing inhibitor.

100/130 octane gasoline, leaded, MIL-L-5572F (GREEN)

80/87 octane gasoline, leaded, MIL-L-5572F (RED)

Jet fuel avaiable but type is unknown.


Remarks
CAUTION Due to obst on the apch / climb sfc Rwy 18R/36L aircrews will be responsible forconsidering acft load/performance in applying relevant climb/descend figures inorder to clear obst. Hook can block view of windward PAPI on Rwy 18L-36R. Birdhaz. WIP prk and trml areas. WIP Twy K btn Twy F and S.
FUEL A1 (Air BP, C+90-212-663-0221) (NC-J),
LGT PAPI Rwy 36R GS 2.7 .
MISC Twy J clsd btn Rwy 18L/36R and apn A13.
RSTD C5 acft not permitted for ldg or dep.
TFC PAT Tfc pat for Rwy 18L/36R are W and Rwy 06/24 are SE unless otherwise specified byATC.



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