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Kaohsiung Intl Airport



Kaohsiung International Airport
高雄國際航空站
IATA: KHH – ICAO: RCKH
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Civil Aeronautics Administration
Serves Kaohsiung
Elevation AMSL 31 ft / 9 m
Coordinates 22°34′37″N 120°21′00″E / 22.57694°N 120.35°E / 22.57694; 120.35
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
09/27 10,335 3,150 Concrete

Kaohsiung International Airport (traditional Chinese: officially, 高雄國際航空站; commonly, 高雄國際機場) (IATA: KHH, ICAO: RCKH), also known as Kaohsiung Siaogang Airport (traditional Chinese: 高雄小港機場) for the Siaogang District where it is located, is a medium-sized commercial airport located in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Kaohsiung International Airport is the second-largest airport in Taiwan in terms of passenger movement and accounts for around 15% of international passenger movements in Taiwan.

History

Originally built as a military airport by the Japanese during the Taiwan under Japanese rule era, Kaohsiung Airport retained its military purpose when the Republic of China government just took control of Taiwan. Due to the need for civil transportation in southern Taiwan, it was demilitarized and converted into a domestic civil airport in 1965, and further upgraded to international airport in 1969, with regular international flights starting in 1972.

During 1970s and 1980s, this airport's international flights were rare, with Hong Kong and Tokyo being the only two destinations. Since early 1990s, the dedicated connection flights to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport were inaugurated and this brought southern Taiwan travelers much convenience; they can transit via the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport where there is a higher availability of international flights. Meantime, direct flights to South-east Asia cities were also gradually opened. This reduced the inconvenience that travelers in southern Taiwan needed to travel to the northern Taoyuan then flew south. These contributed to a steady growth in airport passenger/flight movements and a new terminal dedicated to international flights was opened in 1997.

In summer 1998, EVA Air opened a direct flight from Kaohsiung to Los Angeles but it was discontinued only three months later due to low ridership. Northwest Airlines also served this airport, operating from Kansai Airport (1999~2001) and Narita Airport (2002~2003). These two routes were separately suspended due to the low load factor caused by the September 11, 2001 attacks and SARS.

After the Taiwan High Speed Rail's inauguration in January 2007, the Kaohsiung airport suffered great losses in passenger/flight movements; the Taiwan High Speed Rail and record-high costs of jet fuel are eating up most load factors to Taipei Songshan Airport and Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (frequent buses link the Taoyuan Airport and the THSR Taoyuan Station). Some carriers dropped the two routes while other carriers reduced flights. Carriers now pin their hopes on the increasing flights to Japan, Mainland China and Korea.

Terminals


Interior of the domestic terminal departure area
Interior of the domestic terminal departure area

Interior of the international terminal
Interior of the international terminal

Far Eastern Air Transport aircraft at the airport
Far Eastern Air Transport aircraft at the airport

Kaohsiung International Airport has two terminals - domestic and international. They are connected by corridor way.

The domestic terminal was built in 1965 when the airport was first opened as a civilian airport. Through the years, it has undergone numerous small expansions and improvements, but jet bridges were never added. For the most part, this is acceptable since the domestic terminal primarily serves smaller planes that do not require the use of jet bridges. The current domestic-terminal building also served international flights before the opening of the new international terminal in 1997.

The international terminal opened in 1997 and all gates have jet bridges. It serves all international flights and connecting flights to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport. Connecting passengers proceed through immigration in Kaohsiung and do not need to repeat the procedure in Taoyuan, avoiding congestions in Taoyuan and saving much time between flights. Like many modern airport terminals, the building has a high ceiling in the check-in area and its exterior uses glass panels extensively. The floor area for the international terminal is three times more than that of the domestic terminal.

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Macau Macau International
China Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi,Denpasar [seasonal], Hong Kong, Ho Chi Minh City, Jeju, Manila, Nagoya-Centrair, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen, Singapore, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tokyo-Narita [begins 31 October] International
Daily Air Cimei, Wang-an Domestic
Dragonair Hong Kong International
EVA Air Macau, Ningbo, Shanghai-Pudong, Taipei-Taoyuan International
EVA Air operated by Uni Air Macau International
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita International
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur, Kota Kinabalu International
Mandarin Airlines Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Laoag, Ningbo, Seoul-Incheon International
Mandarin Airlines Hualien, Taipei-Songshan Domestic
TransAsia Airways Fuzhou,Dalian, Hangzhou, Kunming, Macau International
TransAsia Airways Kinmen, Makung, Taipei-Songshan Domestic
Uni Air Hangzhou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Shenzhen International
Uni Air Kinmen, Makung Domestic
Vietnam Airlines Ho Chi Minh City International

International Charter Flights

Both China Airlines and Uni Air operate charter flights from Kaohsiung to many Japanese cities including Asahigawa, Hakodate, Sapporo, Hanamaki, Obihiro, Nagasaki and Kumamoto, mostly during long vacations.

Cargo airlines

Airlines Destinations
China Airlines Cargo Hong Kong, Manila, Taipei-Taoyuan

Ground Transportation

  • MRT(Subway): Kaohsiung MRT red line's Kaohsiung International Airport Station serves this airport, with outlets in both international and domestic terminals. Passengers can also make use of the Kaohsiung MRT Red Line to access Taiwan Railway Administration's Kaohsiung Station and Taiwan High Speed Rail's Zuoying Station.
  • Bus: Several city bus lines serve the airport. Long distance bus to Kenting National Park, Sinying and Chiayi are also available. Bus stops are located under the corridor way between domestic and international terminal.
  • Car Rental: Car rental centers are located under the corridor way between domestic and international terminal. More car rental centers are available on the Jhongshan 4th Rd. (中山四路) outside this airport. From Jhongshan 4th Rd, the National Highway No. 1's Kaohsiung Terminus at 372 km is about 2 km away.
  • Taxi: Available in both terminals.


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General Info
Country Taiwan
ICAO ID RCKH
Time UTC+8
Latitude 22.577094
22° 34' 37.54" N
Longitude 120.350006
120° 21' 00.02" E
Elevation 31 feet
9 meters
Type Civil
Magnetic Variation 003° W (01/06)
Beacon Yes
Operating Agency CIVIL GOVERNMENT, (LANDING FEES AND DIPLOMATIC CLEARANCE MAY BE REQUIRED)
Operating Hours SEE REMARKS FOR OPERATING HOURS OR COMMUNICATIONS FOR POSSIBLE HOURS


Communications
TWR 118.7
120.7
236.6
GND 121.9
CLNC DEL
Opr 2300-1100Z, OT ctc TWR
121.8
ATIS
Opr 2200-1600Z
127.8
APP 121.1
124.7
125.7
228.4
328.7
Additional Frequencies; 126.2, 232.2, 363.8, Flight following; 119.5, 329.5
Communications Remarks  
ATIS D-ATIS avbl.
APP (Flt flw 119.5, 329.5)


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
09/27 10335 x 197 feet
3150 x 60 meters
CONCRETE. 069RCXT YES


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel Jet A1, without icing nhibitor.

100/130 MIL Spec, low lead, aviation gasoline (BLUE)


Remarks
CAUTION Copter prk and Bays 2, 24-32 visible fr twr by TV only.
CSTMS/AG/IMG CSTMS avbl.
FUEL Ctc the American Institute in Taiwan (AIT), duty hr fone, C886 2784 2336, OT, C886 2709 3013. (NC-A1)
LGT PAPI Rwy 09L MEHT 67', Rwy 27R GS 2.99 , MEHT 62'.
MISC No US mil, OPS, or Wx svc.
NS ABTMT See FLIP PLANNING AP/3.
RSTD PPR 96 hr IAW FCG exc emerg. All aircrews use ICAO NOTAM fac/off island sources.For assistance ctc the (AIT), address 7, Lane 134, Hsin Yi Road, Section 3, Taipei, Taiwan, duty hr fone, C886 2784 2336, OT, C886 2709 3013. U-turns on apronare proh.



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