Sochi International Airport (IATA: AER, ICAO: URSS) (Russian: Международный Аэропорт Сочи) is an airport located in Adler District of the resort city of Sochi situated at the Black Sea coast in Krasnodar Krai, Russia.
The operator of the airport is JSC International, which is part of the aviation holding company Basic Element Aero.
As of 2009, the airport is the ninth largest by passenger count in Russia, serving 1.485 million passengers, including around 105,400 international passengers. The airport serves Russia's largest resort of Sochi and the surrounding area, which has a total permanent population of more than 700,000 people.
The airport was established by order of the Chief of the Office of Civil Aviation on November 23 1945 (airfield built on the site of the liquidated state farm seed Chernomorets 8 July - 1 September 1941 to protect the Black Sea coast during the Great Patriotic War). In 1956 were constructed terminal building (now the old building) and the airstrip runway-1. In 1957 the airport was sent about 35 thousand passengers and 1 thousand tons of cargo. From 1960 to 1965 built passenger and baggage halls, hotel for 200 seats, radio navigation and landing systems. Constantly growing passenger traffic through the airport. In 1965 it was sent over 902 thousand passengers in 1990 - 2 million 300 thousand. In August 1966 the airport for its high performance in the work was awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labor. Total for the entire period of the airport post more than 60 million passengers. In the international sector of the airport is small, but real shop duty-free.
In 1981 began regular flights abroad: of Sochi in Bratislava, Budapest, Prague. Later opened many flights to the Middle East and Western Europe.
President of Russia Vladimir Putin decree of 3 May 2006, N456 deleted Sochi airport from the list of strategic enterprises, previously approved by the Decree of August 4, 2004 N1009. N1009. The Federal Financial Markets Service (FFMS) of Russia at the meeting on 29 August 2006, registered the issue and report on the results of the issue ordinary shares of OJSC "International airport of Sochi on the total amount of 1 billion 142 million 035 thousand 400 rubles. Accommodation passed through the acquisition of shares of stock news on the Internet when converting at JSC in the process of state enterprise privatization. Number of securities issue - 11 million 420 thousand 354 units, the nominal value of each share - 100 rubles. Issue by assigned state registration number 1-01-55219-E. The runway is not an asset to be privatized, and is leased by the airport. RF Government Decree of 16 September N1301-p, including 100 per cent stock "Sochi International Airport" in the program of privatization of federal property in 2006. Russia Federal Property Fund on Nov. 20, 2006 held an auction to sell 100% shares of OAO «International airport of Sochi. The winner of the auction was sold to OOO "Strategy-South" - the structure, affiliated with BazEl ( "Basic Element", until 2001 - a group of Siberian Aluminum "), which paid 5 billion 665 thousand rubles.  The airport in Sochi for the fourth southern Russia for the Russian-Asian Investment Company (RAInKo, the real owner - Oleg Deripaska). By this time the company has managed through the holding "Airports of the South" three airports - in the cities of Krasnodar (Airport Pashkovskii), Anapa and built in Gelendzhik. In July 2007, Bazel for $ 10 million acquired ZAO Sochi-avia-invest " - OWNERS 65% of the fuel-filling set of Sochi's airport.
Airfield Sochi 1 class, has two artificial runways, taxiways network with total length of 4310 meters with a width of 40,5 m, the platform and location of parking with total area of 218 square meters. The peculiarity of the airfield is that because of the presence of natural obstacles (mountains) to the north and north-east of the airport, take off and landing are made with only one hand - from the sea, which complicates the operation of the airfield at the northern and north-easterly winds (and with strong winds, these areas can not operate the airport).
Planned extension of the runway up to 3,5 km, with overlapping the Mzymta River width of 300 m.
The Sochi airport is certificated by Aviation Register of the MAC for its suitability for international flights, suitable for operation of aircraft Airbus A310, Airbus A319, Airbus A320, Boeing 727, Boeing 737, Boeing 757, Boeing 767, Bombardier CRJ 200, Fokker 70, IL-62, IL -76, IL-86, IL-96, Tu-134, Tu-154, Tu-204, Yak-40, Yak-42 and other planes III and IV classes. Since 2007 takes aircraft of all types.
The capacity of the airport complex - 750 passenger / hour. The new terminal building was built in 1989 - 2007. It has 3 floors with total area of 57 000 square meters and is one of the largest in Russia. Corridor 440 meters long and 10 boarding bridges for the passage to the land. Possibility to park over 1000 cars. Capacity - 2500 passengers per day. Official opening of the new terminal complex will be held in the near future ..... (by 2014) In late 2007 the airport was supposed to be all-weather.
On 20 November 2006, the airport was auctioned to Oleg Deripaska's Basic Element group for 5.5 bn roubles (about $206.6 mn). Deripaska is also a member of the committee organizing Sochi's bid for the Winter Olympics.
Airlines and destinations
Incidents and accidents
On 3 May 2006, an Armavia Airbus A320 operating Armavia Flight 967 crashed in the Black Sea en route from Yerevan's Zvartnots International Airport to Sochi. The airplane crashed into the sea while attempting to conduct a go-around following its first approach to Sochi airport, killing all 113 aboard. The accident was the first major commercial airline crash in 2006.
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