Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (DMIA, Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Diosdado Macapagal, Kapampangan: Sulapawang Internasyonal ning Diosdado Macapagal), also called Clark International Airport (IATA: CRK, ICAO: RPLC), is the main airport serving the immediate vicinity of the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) and the general area of Angeles City in the Philippines. It also serves the northern and central regions of Luzon, and being 85 kilometers (50 miles) from the older Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) that serves Manila, DMIA also serves Metro Manila and its immediate vicinity. It is located on an area of the economic zone formerly utilized as the Clark Air Base, which was closed in late 1991 by the U.S. Air Forces after the explosion of Mount Pinatubo.
The two parallel runways of DMIA are capable of NASA Space Shuttle landings. However, it is no longer listed as an active landing site, and it has never had a Space Shuttle land there.
The airport is managed by the Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC), a government-owned and/or controlled corporation.
Terminal Radar Approach Control System
In 2007, DMIA received and activated a Terminal Radar Approach Control (TRACON) system, worth US$9.3 million, that translates to investment in the future of air travel at Clark. The TRACON can track aircraft in a radius pattern up to 220 nautical miles from DMIA, and with this system in place, it places the airport along with other major airports around the region. This system adds significant safety advantages, speeds-up arrivals and departures, and ensures a greater level of airline pilots' confidence. The system answers the needs of - and opens the door to - major air carriers to establish service at DMIA, and the radar installation makes the airport compliant with International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards.
In addition to the TRACON system, various state-of-the-art electronic communication, radar, navigation, approach lighting, and fire/safety systems have been implemented at the DMIA; these systems include an Instrument Landing System (ILS) Doppler, Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Range (VOR), VHF/UHF Transmitters, modern meteorological equipment, Precision Approach Path Indicator, Airfield Ground Lighting Systems (AGLS), and an advanced Category 9 Crash, Fire and Rescue Equipment system.
The CIAC ensures the work is done safely when it works with various contractors for critical airport equipment and infrastructure. In the instance of the TRACON radar system mentioned above, one of the largest European telecommunications companies, SELEX Sistemi Integrati, was hired as the prime contractor.
Clark Polytechnic established it's new training center on loation. It has A320 aircraft simulator on site for training potential aircraft pilots.
The PHP 130 million current expanded Terminal 1, designed to accommodate at least one million to two million passengers annually, was inaugurated by President Arroyo on April 2008 to serve the growing passenger volume due to the entry of foreign and local budget carriers at the airport.
CIAC has embarked on a $12 million (PH₱550 million) expansion plan to attract more carriers and become the second international gateway into the Philippines. Completed in April 2010, the expansion adds a second story, arrival and departure lounges, and two aerobridges to the terminal building. The expansion will boost DMIA's capacity to two and a half million from two million.
Once Terminal 2 is completed, Terminal 1 will take over all domestic routes.
The Terminal 2 of the DMIA comes in two phases. Once completed, it will be dedicated to international traffic.
A master plan was developed by Korea international Cooperation Agency (KOICA) in November 2008 looking for a second terminal. It will have a total floor area of 35,000 square meters and a 7 million-passenger capacity per year. Total investment for this phase is estimated at US$150 million (PH₱6.75 billion) million dollars with completion expected in 2013.
This phase involves the following:
This phase involves the following:
ALMAL Investment Co. of Kuwait has offered to develop a Terminal 3 making DMIA to handle 80 million passengers a year.
When completed, DMIA will have:
DMIA currently has two 3,200-meter parallel runways, one of which will be extended to 4,000 meters to accommodate new generation wide-bodied aircraft. The runways' descriptions include:
Airlines and destinations
The Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEx) provides access to Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ), including the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport, through two exits. The Bases Conversion Development Authority (BCDA) opened Panday Pira Road on December 23, 2008, and it is connected to the Clark North interchange in Mabalacat, Pampanga, where it leads straight to CSEZ on the left and Sacobia in Bamban town to the right. The Clark South interchange leads directly to the airport, Angeles, Tarlac, and the Subic Bay Freeport Zone.
North Luzon Railway
Construction has begun on a new US$421 million North Luzon project (initiated by the Philippine National Railways), scheduled for completion by 2010. Two separate lines will be constructed, one for the Airport Railway, and another for the NorthRail commuter and high speed rail line serving Metro Manila and the northern Luzon provinces.
There are regular bus services to various destinations from the airport, charging from PH₱300 ($6.50) for Cubao (Quezon City), Mariveles, and Avenida (Manila), to PH₱350 ($6.75) for SM Megamall, Pasay City and Baguio City. Operators include:
Taxi stands are located in the arrival halls, and prices are based on the meter. Operators include:
New In-Flight Catering Service Facility
Philippine Airlines has recently mentioned plans to make DMIA the airline's main hub for maintenance, ground-handling and catering services. Talks for long-term lease are in progress for PH₱5 billion to obtain 30 hectares at DMIA to build a new facility for PAL by 2010.
In April 2008, details that Macroasia Corporation, the airline services company of Lucio Tan and PAL, said it had signed an agreement with First Metro Investment Corp. for a PH₱450 million standby credit line for expanding its facilities at NAIA and DMIA.
Macroasia management has obtained permission to invest US$100 million in the Clark DMIA maintenance, ground-handling and catering facility, depending on results of ongoing feasibility studies and on projected demands from various airlines.
Enter Gate Gourmet
Enter Gate Gourmet, one of the world’s largest in-flight catering service providers, is in a joint venture with Miascor to construct and maintain an in-flight catering facility at DMIA.
As of November 2007, work has begun on the first phase of a 3,000 square meter, US$2 million, world-class catering facility on the grounds of DMIA, close to the current CIAC administrative offices. A second phase will be built, for an additional US$ 5million, that will eventually serve up to 4,000 meals a day as DMIA allows major long-haul international carriers from around the world to operate.
The Enter Gate Gourmet/Miascor catering facility is an important project that will potentially attract Middle Eastern and other airlines for it will provide quality meals for various flights.
New MRO Facilities
SIA Engineering Company
SIA Engineering Company (SIAEC) will pour an initial US$1 billion (P45 billion) investment to set up a world-class aircraft maintenance, repair, and overhaul (MRO) facility at DMIA.
The facility will occupy a 10-hectare property at the DMIA which would be the center of repair, maintenance and overhaul of various wide- and narrow-bodied aircraft, such as the Airbus A380, currently the world’s largest aircraft, A320, Boeing 747-800 and Boeing 777, among others.
SIAEC, a major provider of aircraft maintenance, repair and overhaul services in the Asia-Pacific region, is part of the Singapore Airlines Group and provides maintenance services at Singapore Changi Airport for more than 60 international carriers, including airframe and component overhaul on some of the most advanced and widely-used commercial aircraft in the world.
Kuwait and Gulf Link
The Kuwait and Gulf Link (KGL) project, initially costing about US$25 million, will cover aviation-related and dependent businesses, including, but not limited to warehousing, distribution, multi-nodal logistics, light manufacturing alongside complementary business operations, and facilities to support aviation-related activities within the Civil Aviation Complex of DMIA.
KGL will occupy at least 1.25 million square meters (125 hectares) at the Civil Aviation Complex for the development of a world-class logistics park.
Spirit of Manila Airlines
On November 9, 2008, officials of Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC) and Spirit of Manila Airlines led the groundbreaking ceremonies for the construction of a PH₱1 billion aircraft hangar facility at the DMIA. The hangar is expected to be completed by mid-2009 which will house wide bodied aircraft such as the Boeing 747-8 and Airbus A320.
Spirit of Manila Airlines has acquired a ten-hectare property inside the Civil Aviation Complex, in which the hangar will occupy one hectare of the area. The hangar can even accommodate the Airbus A380, currently the largest passenger aircraft in the world.
Accidents and incidents
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