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Buka Airport



Buka Island Airport
IATA: BUA – ICAO: AYBK
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Government
Serves Buka Island, Papua New Guinea
Elevation AMSL 11 ft / 3 m
Coordinates 05°25′20″S 154°40′21″E / 5.42222°S 154.6725°E / -5.42222; 154.6725
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
04/22 5,125 1,562 Asphalt
Source: DAFIF

Buka Airport (IATA: BUA, ICAO: AYBK) is an airport serving Buka Island in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville (also known as North Solomons) in Papua New Guinea.

It is located at the southern end of the island, near Buka Passage behind the town of Buka, and pre-war Chinatown. The airport terminal is about 1.5 kilometres from the Buka Township. It is the only airport serviced by a regular passenger transport service in the North Solomons Province.

In 2004, the airport experienced some closures due to land disputes. Residents of Ieta prevented service at the airport, demanding the government pay land fees.

There is one navigational aid, the Buka NDB situated on nearby Sohano Island.

History

The origins of the airfield begin in 1941 when Australian troops built gun pits around a primitive airstrip in December 1941. On 2 January 1942 with the Japanese approaching, they prepared the airfield for demolition, blowing holes in the runway, and logs and pipes to prevent aircraft from landing. The following day, orders came to repair the field for fleeing aircraft from Rabaul to land. However, the airfield was occupied by the Japanese during mid-March 1942.

On 26 July, a Japanese Navy special detachment was sent to inspect Buka Airfield, but considered it unacceptable as a prospect for a speedily constructed major airfield. Nonetheless, by December 1942 the airfield was further improved by the Japanese with bitumen surfacing, an electrical power plant, underground fuel tanks, and new pillboxes and trenches. From December onwards many hulks were at the strip. Coastwatchers reported nighttime patrol flights during full moon. Also, scouting by a Betty bomber flying down each coast of Bougainville and returning by afternoon as part of regular reconnaissance.

On 13 May 1943 Allied reconnaissance observed 36 fighters and 6 bombers at the airstrip. On 1 October 1943 Allied reconnaissance observed 35 aircraft at Buka, including 19 dive bombers. During 1943, the airfield was attacked repeatedly by Allied bombers, widely cratering the runway, and other areas.

In January 1944, the Allies drove the Japanese out of Burka, and the airfield was used for operations against the Japanese over New Guinea. A detachment of the USAAF 419th Night Fighter Squadron flew P-61 Black Widows from the airfield from 25 January – 27 May 1944 before moving forward into New Guinea.

Today the airport is the primary air portal into Bougainville, and even 60 years after the war, wreckage from the military use of the airfield by the Japanese and Americans is easily found in the area.

Airlines and destinations

  • Air Niugini (Port Moresby, Rabaul)


The above content comes from Wikipedia and is published under free licenses – click here to read more.


General Info
Country Papua New Guinea
ICAO ID AYBK
Time UTC+10
Latitude -5.422317
05° 25' 20.34" S
Longitude 154.672667
154° 40' 21.60" E
Elevation 11 feet
3 meters
Magnetic Variation 007° E (01/06)
Beacon Yes
Operating Agency CIVIL GOVERNMENT, (LANDING FEES AND DIPLOMATIC CLEARANCE MAY BE REQUIRED)
Alternate Name SOHANO BUKA PASSAGE
Operating Hours SUNRISE TO SUNSET (SR-SS)


Communications
LAE RDO 127.1
3425
5565
8861
11393


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
04/22 5125 x 98 feet
1562 x 30 meters
ASPHALT 020FCZU NO


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
NDB-DME BUK BUKA 094X 269 1.3 NM 014.9


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel Jet A1, without icing nhibitor.

100/130 octane gasoline, leaded, MIL-L-5572F (GREEN)


Remarks
CAUTION Unauthd movment of pers and animal in and around A/D
FUEL Avbl 2000-0800Z dly. (NC-100LL, A1)
LGT ACTIVATE-PAPI Rwy 04-22-121.7.
OPR HOURS Opr SR-SS.



Thanks to: www.worldaerodata.com

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