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Volkel Air Base

Volkel Air Base (Dutch: Vliegbasis Volkel) (IATA: UDE, ICAO: EHVK) is a military airbase used by the Royal Netherlands Air Force (RNLAF) — Dutch: Koninklijke Luchtmacht (KLu), and is located near the village of Volkel in North Brabant, Netherlands. It is home to two F-16 Fighting Falcon squadrons, 312 and 313. A third squadron formerly present at the base, 311, was officially disbanded on 27 September 2012. It also houses a maintenance, logistical, a base Squadron for the RNLAF, and also the 703rd Munitions Support Squadron, part of the 52d Fighter Wing from the United States Air Force. Besides military use, a traumahelicopter operated by ANWB Medical Air Assistance on behalf of the Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre is based here. The Dienst Luchtvaart Politie also makes use of Volkel Air Base.

Volkel Air Base is one of several military airfields in the Netherlands, and one of the three major operational bases of the RNLAF, the other two being Leeuwarden Air Base and Gilze-Rijen Air Base. Together with these, it also hosts the public viewing days of the RNLAF, held annually at one of these three airfields, having both an airshow and static display of various military and civilian aircraft.

The airport has two parallel runways, both in the 06/24 direction, and both being just over 3,020 metres (9,900 ft) long. 06L/24R is 45 m (148 ft) wide, and is capable of handling larger aircraft. It is also equipped with an instrument landing system (ILS). 06R/24L is narrower at only 23 m (75 ft) wide.

Volkel Air Base
Netherlands roundel.svg
Vliegbasis Volkel
(Advanced Landing Ground B-80)
F16-Hangar.jpg
  • IATA: UDE
  • ICAO: EHVK
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Military of the Netherlands
Operator Royal Netherlands Air Force(RNLAF)
Koninklijke Luchtmacht (KLu)
Location Volkel, Municipality of Uden
Netherlands
Elevation AMSL 22 m / 72 ft
Coordinates 51°39′26″N
005°41′27″E
Map
EHVK is located in Netherlands

EHVK
Location of Volkel Air Base
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06L/24R 3,024 9,922 Asphalt
06R/24L 3,027 9,931 Asphalt

History

Fliegerhorst Volkel as seen from above in 1944 after having been bombed by allied forces

After the occupation of the Netherlands by Germany in 1940, the Luftwaffeconstructed a diversion airfield for night-fighter aircraft called Nachtlandeplatz Volkel. In 1943, the airfield was expanded into an operational Luftwaffe base, and renamed Fliegerhorst Volkel. It was home to III./NJG 2 operating Junkers Ju 88 night fighters, and II & III./JG 3 operating the Messerschmitt Bf 109G. The last German aircraft based at Volkel were jet-engined Me 262 fighters and Ar 234 reconnaissance bombers. To defend the base against aerial attacks, the Germans installed flakguns, but it was still bombed extensively. Attacks in 1944 in support of Operation Market Garden caused such extensive damage to the airport that it could no longer be used by the Luftwaffe.

When the south of the Netherlands was liberated later that year, the Royal Air Forcetook control of the airfield. Though the Germans had destroyed most of the remaining airport facilities, the RAF continued to use the airport for the remainder of the war, operating Hawker Typhoon and Hawker Tempest aircraft from Volkel in support of the allied advance into Germany. French ace Pierre Clostermann, at the time a flight commander in No 122 Wing, provides a detailed description of operations from Volkel in early 1945 in his book The Big Show.

The Dutch Naval Aviation Service started flying from Volkel in 1949 for training purposes. In 1950, the Royal Netherlands Air Force took control of the airfield, restoring it to an operational fighter base. Gloster Meteor aircraft were the first jet aircraft to be based at Volkel for the RNLAF. Later came the Republic F-84 Thunderjet and Thunderstreak, which were eventually replaced by the Lockheed F-104 Starfighter, the first supersonic aircraft of the RNLAF. In the 1970s, airport facilities were improved, and 32 protective Hardened Aircraft Shelters (HAS) were constructed for the aircraft. Between 1982 and 1984, the Starfighters were slowly replaced by the F-16 Fighting Falcons that are currently based at Volkel, which were manufactured under licence by Fokker. The current F-16 aircraft are expected to be replaced by the F-35 Lightning II.

Nuclear weapons

F16-Hangar.jpg
Volkel Air Base.

Demonstration of a B61 nuclear bomb disarming procedure on a “dummy” in an underground Weapons Security and Storage System (WS3) vault at Volkel Air Base

It was believed that since the early 1960s, USAF nuclear weapons were stored at Volkel Air Base, to be used by the host nation’s aircraft. Formerly, storage took place in a weapon storage area on the north side of the base, and in a heavily defended quick reaction alert (QRA) area; however, since 1991, eleven WS3 Weapon Storage and Security System vaults are operational in the floors of the aircraft shelters. The USAF 703rd Munitions Support Squadron (703rd MUNSS) is in charge of maintaining and securing the weapons. As of 2008, 22 B61 nuclear bombs are believed to be in storage at Volkel, to be used by the Dutch 311 and 312 F-16 squadrons at the base. The F-16s based at Volkel can at times be seen with BDU-38 dummy bombs, which are used to simulate the B61. Despite the evidence for this, the Dutch Ministry of Defence never officially acknowledges or denies the presence of nuclear weapons at Volkel. In a book published by former air force pilot Steve Netto it is revealed that some fifty B28 nuclear bombs were in storage there around the time of the Cuban Missile Crisis, which if needed were to be deployed by aircraft of the Royal Netherlands Air Force. In a document leaked as a part of the United States diplomatic cables leak the presence of nuclear weapons in the Netherlands is confirmed, though no specific location is given. On 10 June 2013, former prime minister Ruud Lubbers confirmed the existence of 22 nuclear weapons at the airfield.

Units

Royal Netherlands Air Force

  • 312 Squadron F-16. Squadron established 1951 in Volkel; 1952: F-84E ‘Thunderjet’; 1952: F-84G ‘Thunderjet’; 1956: F-84F ‘Thunderstreak’; 1966: F-104G ‘Starfighter’; 1985: F-16A ‘Fighting Falcon’; 2001: F-16AM ‘Fighting Falcon’. (F-16.net)
  • 313 Squadron (F-16)
  • 640 Squadron
  • 601 Reserve Squadron
  • 900 Maintenance Squadron
  • 901 Logistics Squadron

United States Air Force

  • 703rd Munition Support Squadron
F16-Hangar.jpg
Volkel Air Base.

 


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General Info
Country Netherlands
ICAO ID EHVK
Time UTC+1(+2DT)
Latitude 51.656389
51° 39' 23.00" N
Longitude 5.708611
005° 42' 31.00" E
Elevation 72 feet
22 meters
Type Military
Magnetic Variation 000° W (01/06)
Operating Agency MILITARY
Operating Hours SEE REMARKS FOR OPERATING HOURS OR COMMUNICATIONS FOR POSSIBLE HOURS
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry
Daylight Saving Time Last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October


Communications
TWR
Outside opr hr ctc DUTCH MIL info 132.35.
133.425
372.225
GND
Opr HO
386.775
RAPCON SOUTH
Opr HO.
123.175
379.925


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
06R/24L 9931 x 74 feet
3027 x 23 meters
ASPHALT - NO
06L/24R 9922 x 148 feet
3024 x 45 meters
ASPHALT - YES


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
TACAN VKL VOLKEL 020X - At Field -


Supplies/Equipment
Oil O-148, MIL L 7808 (Synthetic Base), Turboprop/Turboshaft Engine

O-155, MIL L 6068C, Aircraft Medium Grade

O-156, MIL L 23699 (Synthetic Base)Turboprop/Turboshaft Engine
Other Fluids DE-ICE, Anti-icing/De-icing/Defrosting Fluid (MIL A 8243)

LHOX, Low and high pressure oxygen servicing

LOX, Liquid oxygen servicing

OX, Indicates oxygen servicing when type of servicing is unknown
JASU DSA 150
28v DC 25 amp, 115/208v AC 15kva 400hz 3 phase 4 wire

ST-56
56kw 28v DC 700-1500 amp


Remarks
A-GEAR Rwy 06R AAE 44B-4H dep end unsvc.
CSTMS/IMG CSTMS avbl HS, 2 hr PN.
FLUID De-Ice LHOX LOX
FUEL A1+
JASU 1(DSA 150) 1( JAS) 1( ST-56)
OIL 0-135-148-155-156
OPR HOURS Opr 0900-2145Z++ Mon-Tue, 0700-1545Z++ Wed-Fri.
RSTD 24 hr PPR, fone C31-0-413278001 or fax C31-0-413276558.



Thanks to: www.worldaerodata.com

The content above was published at Airports-Worldwide.com in 2018.
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