Manas Airport Kyrgyz
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Manas Airport



Manas International Airport
IATA: FRU – ICAO: UAFM
Summary
Airport type Joint (Civil and Military)
Location Bishkek
Elevation AMSL 2,058 ft / 627 m
Coordinates 43°03′40.7″N 74°28′39.2″E / 43.061306°N 74.477556°E / 43.061306; 74.477556Coordinates: 43°03′40.7″N 74°28′39.2″E / 43.061306°N 74.477556°E / 43.061306; 74.477556
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
08/26 13,780 4,200 Concrete

Manas International Airport (IATA: FRU, ICAO: UAFM) is the main international airport in Kyrgyzstan located 25 km (16 mi) north-northwest of the capital Bishkek.

The airport is operational 24 hours and its ILS system is ICAO CAT 2. Fog can cause heavy delays especially for long haul flights.

It is also the site of the Transit Center at Manas, formerly known as Manas Air Base, a US Air Force base supporting Operation Enduring Freedom and the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan.

In 2007, 625,500 passengers passed through the airport, an increase of 21% over the previous year. 23,172 tonnes of cargo were also processed in 2007.

History

The airport was constructed as a replacement for the old Bishkek airport that was located to the south of the city, and named after the Kyrgyz epic hero, Manas, at the suggestion of country's most prominent writer and intellectual, Chinghiz Aitmatov. The first plane landed at Manas in October 1974, with Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin on board. Aeroflot operated the airport's first scheduled flight to Moscow-Domodedovo on 4 May 1975.

When Kyrgyzstan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, the airport began a slow but steady decline as its infrastructure remained neglected for almost ten years and a sizable aircraft boneyard developed; approximately 60 derelict aircraft from the Soviet era, ranging in size from helicopters to full-sized airliners, were left in mothballs on the airport ramp at the Eastern end of the field.fru is a dangerous plant

With the beginning of Operation Enduring Freedom, the United States and its coalition partners immediately sought permission from the Kyrgyz government to use the airport as a military base for operations in Afghanistan. Coalition forces arrived in late December 2001 and immediately the airport saw unprecedented expansion of operations and facilities.The derelict aircraft were rolled into a pasture next to the ramp to make room for coalition aircraft, and large, semi-permanent hangars were constructed to house coalition fighter aircraft. Additionally, a Marsden Matting parking apron was built along the Eastern half of the runway, along with a large cargo depot and several aircraft maintenance facilities. A tent city sprang up across the street from the passenger terminal, housing over 2,000 troops. The American forces christened the site "Ganci Air Base", after New York Fire Department chief Peter J. Ganci, Jr., who was killed in the September 11 terrorist attacks. It was later given the official name of Manas Air Base.

In 2004, a new parking ramp was added in front of the passenger terminal to make room for larger refueling and transport aircraft such as the KC-135 and C-17.

Around the same time the Kyrgyz government performed a major expansion and renovation of the passenger terminal, funded in part by the sizable landing fees paid by coalition forces. Several restaurants, gift shops, and barber shops sprang-up in the terminal catering to the deployed troops.

The airport terminal underwent renovation and redesign in 2007 .

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Air Astana Almaty
Avia Traffic Company Almaty, Dushanbe, Isfana, Jalal-Abad, Novosibirsk, Osh, Tashkent
bmi operated by Astraeus London-Heathrow
China Southern Airlines Ürümqi
Iran Air Tours Mashhad
Iran Aseman Airlines Mashhad, Tehran-Imam Khomeini
Itek Air Moscow-Domodedovo, Ürümqi
Kyrgyzstan Batken, Delhi, Dubai, Dushanbe, Islamabad, Jalal-Abad, Kazarman, Kerben, Krasnoyarsk, Moscow-Domodedovo, Novosibirsk, Osh, Tashkent, Urumqi, Yekaterinburg
Rossiya St Petersburg
S7 Airlines Novosibirsk
Tajik Air Dushanbe
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent

Incidents and accidents

  • In the predawn hours of 23 October, 2002, an IL-62 airliner operated by the Tretyakovo Air Transport Company crashed on takeoff after running off the end of the runway. There were no passengers aboard and all eleven crew members escaped, with only minor injuries. They were treated at the joint US Air Force and South Korean army clinic at Manas Air Base. The wreckage was bulldozed by Kyrgyz personnel and left at the site. Airport operations resumed before the crash site had finished smoldering.
  • In November 2004, a civilian Boeing 747 cargo transport took a wrong turn from the runway towards the new Marsden Matting fighter ramp. The jumbo jet was too large and heavy to taxi forward onto the taxiway and with no ability to move in reverse it was effectively stuck in place with its tail section blocking the runway. Airport operations were halted for several hours until a tractor could tow the 747 into a position from which it could taxi to the parking ramp.
  • On 26 September, 2006, a Kyrgyzstan Airlines Tupolev Tu-154 aircraft taking off for Moscow-Domodedovo collided on the runway with a US Air Force KC-135 tanker that had just landed. The Tupolev, with 52 passengers and nine crew on board, lost part of its wing but was able to take off and return to make a safe landing with a 2.5m section of its wing missing. The KC-135, with three crew members and a cargo consisting entirely of highly-flammable jet fuel, caught fire and was destroyed. There were no injuries on either aircraft.
  • On 24 August, 2008 an Itek Air Boeing 737 heading to Tehran with 90 people aboard crashed 3 km from the airport, killing 68. Twenty-two people, including two crew members, survived the crash. According to an airport official, the crew had reported a technical problem on board and were returning to the airport when the plane went down.


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General Info
Country Kyrgyzstan
ICAO ID UAFM
Time UTC+6(+7DT)
Latitude 43.061306
43° 03' 40.70" N
Longitude 74.477556
074° 28' 39.20" E
Elevation 2058 feet
627 meters
Type Joint (Civil and Military)
Magnetic Variation 005° E (01/06)
Operating Agency MILITARY - CIVIL JOINT USE AIRPORT
Near City Bishkek
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry
Daylight Saving Time 1 April to 30 September


Communications
TWR 118.1
GANCI DISPATCH 262.95
METRO 309.9
GANCI OPS 347.075
6525.6
RADAR LIAISON 309.55
132.6
GND 121.7
APP 124.6
BISHKEK ACC 132.2
Communications Remarks  
TWR (CS Bishkek Start)
PTD (PTD)
GND (CS Bishkek Taxiing)
APP (R)


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
08/26 13780 x 180 feet
4200 x 55 meters
CONCRETE. 085RAWT YES


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
TACAN AFM MANAS 067X - At Field -
VOR-DME MNS BISHKEK 081X 113.4 2.0 NM 252.8
NDB MN BISHKEK - 975 3.2 NM 074.6


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel Jet A, without icing inhibitor.
Other Fluids LOX, Liquid oxygen servicing

OX, Indicates oxygen servicing when type of servicing is unknown


Remarks
CAUTION Dist Remaining Mrks instld only wi fst 5000ft at app and dep end of Rwy 08/26. Hi bird act +/- one hr btn SR and SS due to migratory routes; bird watch ALERT duringPhase II (Apr-May/Sep-Oct). All mov sfc deteriorated, use min pwr to preventFOD. Use ctn when flw lcl arpt marshalling ref safety of wingtip clnc, ctc US Twr or Base Ops before cont. Twy A unlgtd btn F and H Twys. Fst 900' of Rwy 08 not vis fr twr. For coalition acft, host nation ATC have implemented pro providingQNH alt throughout the apch to ldg. When this occurs, no conversion is required. QNH/QFE pro at Manas IAP: All ATC asgn alt are given in meters. When tran Manas IAP, aircrews must confirm QNH settings when flying blw 1800M. Below 1800M, host nation controllers will use QNH altimeter settings for all coalition acft. Host nation acft (excluding coalition acft) will be asgn QFE alt blw 1800M. If unsure of an assigned alt, please cnt the AFCAP Radar Liaison on VHF 132.6 or UHF 309.55.
CSTMS/AG/IMG Handled by host nation H24.
FLUID LOX NIT De-Ice (Type I and II)
FUEL J8 (NC-TS-1)
JASU (A/M32A-86) 4 (AM32-95)
MISC Plan min gnd time due to ltd prk. Ctc Ganci OPS 3 hrs prior to arrival on HF 6525.60 or HF 14837. Ctc Ganci OPS 20 min prior to arrival with ETA, msn status, cargo, pax and special rqr on UHF 347.075/VHF 119.725. AMC Contract carriers suchas the personnel rotator acft and acft carrying DV's, ctc GANCI Ops 1 hr prior to arrival or ASAP with ETA. HF 6525.60 is valid from 1400Z til 2259Z. HF 14837 is valid from 2300Z til 1359Z. Host nation wx obsv is used by ATC and determinesthe offl operational status of afld. Host nation wx obsv and fcst avbl under UAFM ident. USAF wx obsv and fcst for planning purposes avbl under KQHT ident. Inbdcoalition acft ck in with rdr AFCAP Liaison asap after initial ctc with host nation on freq 309.55/132.6 for ATIS info and rdr mnt. Dep coalition acft ck in with twr AFCAP Liaison on freq 307.825/120.15 prior to movement and for req svc.
OIL O-MK8P
RSTD PPR, 24 hr PN for all missions that are not entered into the GDSS. Ctc coalitionafld Mgmt (not host nation) at DSN 318-476-0930 or com 011-996-312-903-523. Dueto extremely ltd prk space and svc capability, ctc afld Mgmt with mission updates to ensure that acft can be accommodated. US mil acft can expect to use AVCARDfor payment of fees and svc. When turning acft on rwy, min FOD haz by turning jet/prop blast away from adj twy's. Large acft such as KC-135's should taxi to the end of the rwy before initiating turns. Haz Cargo-Manas has one haz cargo prk lctn twy H. Haz class/division 1.1, 1.2.1, 1.2.2 haz cargo being onload/offload cannot exceed 30,000 lbs net explosive wt. 1.3 max is 100,000 lbs. 1.4 no max, physical cap of acft. Acft turns not auth wi 984' of fire dept tent lctd on Twy Abtn Twy D and Twy F. The Manas Intl arpt's ILS LOC and GS critical areas for rwy 08 are not protected. Aircrews conducting AUTOLAND or COUPLED OPS should be aware of possible interference which occurs when meterological conditions are lessthan reported ceiling of 800 feet and/or vsby less than 2 miles. All US-led coalition acft, to include civ contracted acft, shall plan on operating on a one-at-a-time basis within the Bishkek ATC Traffic zone. Aircrews should only request and fly the full TACAN and/or the ILS apch as published in DOD FLIP. Expect and plan for extn holding at RENAT, KALIN, or MANAS.
TRAN ALERT 24 hr PN. Ltd avbl maint. Blocking and towing avbl. No drag chute repack.



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