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Iwo Jima Airport



North Field (Iwo Jima)
Part of Twentieth Air Force
Type Military airfield
Coordinates 24°47′05″N 141°19′27″E / 24.78472°N 141.32417°E / 24.78472; 141.32417
Built Prior to 1944
In use 1944–present
Controlled by United States Army Air Forces (1945–1953)
Japan Self-Defense Forces (1953–present) (IATA: IWO, ICAO: RJAW)
Iwo Jima Air Base
North Field

Iwoto Airport
硫黄島飛行場
Iōtō Hikōjō
IATA: IWO – ICAO: RJAW
Summary
Airport type Military
Owner Ministry of Defense, Japan
Operator JMSDF
Location Iwo Jima, Ogasawara, Tokyo
Elevation AMSL 384 ft / 117 m
Coordinates 24°47′03″N 141°19′21″E / 24.78417°N 141.3225°E / 24.78417; 141.3225 (Iwo Jima Air Base)Coordinates: 24°47′03″N 141°19′21″E / 24.78417°N 141.3225°E / 24.78417; 141.3225 (Iwo Jima Air Base)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 2,650 8,694 Asphalt
Source: Japanese AIP at AIS Japan

North Field or Iwo Jima Air Base (IATA: IWO, ICAO: RJAW) is a World War II airfield on Iwo Jima in the Bonin Islands, located in the Central Pacific. The Bonin Islands are part of Japan. Today, the airfield is operated by the Japan Self-Defense Forces as a military airfield.

History

See also: Battle of Iwo Jima

Located south and west of the midpoint between Tokyo and Saipan, the island of Iwo Jima was needed by the United States Army Air Force Twentieth Air Force as an emergency landing facility for its B-29 Superfortress strategic bombing campaign against the Empire of Japan.

United States Marines landed on Iwo Jima February 19, 1945. The first day saw 2,400 American casualties. During the battle U.S. Marines, sailors and soldiers killed an estimated 20,000 Japanese and captured over 1,000 prisoners. On March 25 the Battle of Iwo Jima was declared over and the island secured, although mopping up continued until July. United States Army units, including the 147th Infantry also participated in the battle.

North Field was a Japanese airfield which was repaired and lengthened by American forces to accommodate B-29s making emergency landings. Central and North Fields on Iwo Jima handled over 2,400 emergency landings by American aircraft. It was also the headquarters for VII Fighter Command (assigned to Twentieth Air Force) from March 1 – December 1, 1945, along with the intelligence-gathering 41st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron from August though mid-September 1945. Operational fighter squadrons which performed B-29 escort missions from North Field were:

  • 506th Fighter Group, April 24 – December 3, 1945
  • 414th Fighter Group, July 7 – December 23, 1945
  • 21st Fighter Group, July 16 – December 4, 1945
  • 548th Night Fighter Squadron, March 5 – June 12, 1945
  • 549th Night Fighter Squadron, (Ground Echelon), March 14, 1945 – February 5, 1946

After the war, North Field stayed in American hands until after the Korean War, when it was turned over to the Japan Self-Defense Forces as an interceptor base. It continues in that role today.



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General Info
Country Japan
ICAO ID RJAW
Time UTC+9
Latitude 24.784000
24° 47' 02.40" N
Longitude 141.322722
141° 19' 21.80" E
Elevation 384 feet
117 meters
Type Military
Magnetic Variation 003° W (01/06)
Beacon Yes
Operating Agency MILITARY
Alternate Name CENTRAL AB
Island Group Iwo Jima I


Communications
TWR
Opr 2200-1400Z Mon-Fri, exc hol, O/T 1 hr PN.
126.2
255.4
133.4
228.2
GND 236.8
319.0
APP/DEP
Opr 2200-1400Z Mon-Fri, exc hol, O/T 1 hr PN.
138.3
284.6


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
07/25 8700 x 200 feet
2652 x 61 meters
ASPHALT - NO


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
TACAN IJT IWO JIMA 035X - At Field -
NDB OX IWO JIMA - 360 1.1 NM 052.5


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel JP-4, Wide cut turbine fuel MIL Spec T-5624


Remarks
A-GEAR BAK-12(B) avbl on N parl twy 2139' fr W end, 4346' fr E end, and 1584' fr E end.
FUEL (NC-J4)
LGT PAPI avbl N parl twy both ends MEHT 45'. Thld Lgts Rwy 07-25.
RSTD Rwy clsd btn 2300-0001Z 1st and 3rd Mon. 24 hr PPR Comdr Fleet 4th Air Wg, JMSDF, Ayase-Shi, Kanagawa-Ken, Japan (fone 0467-78-8611 extn 214). U.S. FORCES acft PPR fuel stop and practice apch only, ctc COMFAIRWESTPAC AirLogs, Atsugi, JA//N35//, DSN 264-3535/3540. All other OFFL BUS 14 calendar day PN, ctc COMNAVFORJAPAN//N3// for PPR, DSN 243-7650/7651. AUTODIN msg to incl type acft, call sign, tail nr, nr souls on board, pt and time of dep, ETA and ETD Iwo Jima, next destn,amount and type fuel req (if none so state), and purpose of msn.



Thanks to: www.worldaerodata.com

The content above was published at Airports-Worldwide.com in 2010.
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