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Fiumicino Airport



Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport
Aeroporto Leonardo da Vinci di Fiumicino
Roma/Fiumicino Airport
IATA: FCO – ICAO: LIRF
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Aeroporti di Roma SpA
Serves Rome
Location Fiumicino
Hub for
  • Air Alps
  • Alitalia
  • Blu-express
  • easyJet
Elevation AMSL 15 feet (4.6 m) ft / 5 m
Coordinates 41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889Coordinates: 41°48′01″N 012°14′20″E / 41.80028°N 12.23889°E / 41.80028; 12.23889
Website www.adr.it
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07/25 3,309 10,856 Asphalt
16R/34L 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16L/34R 3,900 12,795 Asphalt
16C/34C 3,600 11,811 Asphalt
Source: Italian Aeronautical Information Publication

Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport (Italian: Aeroporto Leonardo da Vinci di Fiumicino) (IATA: FCO, ICAO: LIRF), also commonly known as Fiumicino Airport, is Italy's largest airport with 35,226,351 passengers served in 2008, located in Fiumicino, 35 km from Rome's historic city centre.

It was the world's 27th busiest airport by passenger traffic in 2009, and the hub for Alitalia.

The airport is named after Italian polymath Leonardo da Vinci, who first designed a proto helicopter and a flying machine with wings.

History

The airport was officially opened on January 15, 1961, with two runways, replacing the small Rome Ciampino Airport which remains in service for domestic and charter operations. During the decade Alitalia invested heavily in the new airport, building hangars and maintenance centers; in the same period a third runway was added (16L/34R).

Four runways presently operate at Leonardo da Vinci airport: 16L/34R and 16R/34L (separated by a distance of 4,000 metres), 16C/34C (close to 16L/34R), mostly used as a taxiway or as a backup of 16L/34R, and 07/25, used only westwards for takeoffs due to dominant winds.

Since 2005 the airport operates a category III B instrument landing system (ILS). Further improvement work was implemented in 2007 to enable the airport to handle 30 takeoffs/landings per hour, up from 10, in the event of thick fog.

The terminal areas were upgraded during the 1990s :

  • 1991: Opening of the domestic pier with 12 loading bridges (Pier A);
  • 1995: Opening of the international pier with 10 loading bridges (Pier B);
  • 1999: Opening of the west satellite with 11 loading bridges (satellite C) and sky-bridge train connecting it with the main terminal;
  • 2000: Opening of the new domestic terminal (terminal A). Reorganization of terminal buildings, then comprising of: terminal A (and pier A), terminal AA, terminal B (and pier B), terminal C (and west satellite);
  • 2004: Opening of new cargo terminal called Cargo City;
  • 2008: Opening of terminal 5 for check-in of American carrier flights and El-Al (passengers are then bussed to the Main terminal building); serves 950,000 passengers per year. Extended work to build new pier C.
  • 2009: Renaming of terminals - AA and A have been renamed T1, B has become T2, C has become T3 and T5 has remained as T5.
  • 2010: Launch of the new single Baggage Handling System (BHS) for more efficient luggage delivery.

The next commitments will be the following:

  • completion of environment-friendly cogeneration system allowing the airport to self-produce energy;
  • the new pier C (dedicated to international flights) with 16 additional loading bridges, to be completed by 2011-2012 to enable handling the expected growth from present-day 38 million passengers per year to 55 million by 2018.

Terminals, airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens, Rhodes,
Seasonal: Mykonos, Samos
3
Aer Lingus Dublin
Seasonal: Belfast-International, Cork
3
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 3
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires-Ezeiza 3
Afriqiyah Airways Tripoli 3
Air Algérie Algiers 3
Air Alps Bolzano, Parma
Seasonal: Rimini
1
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Münster/Osnabrück, Nuremberg 3
Air Canada Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson 3
Air China Beijing-Capital 3
Air Europa Madrid, Palma de Mallorca 3
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1
Air France operated by Airlinair Marseille 1
Air France operated by Brit Air Lyon 1
Air France operated by Régional Bordeaux, Toulouse 1
Air Italy Turin 1
Air Italy Asmara, Dabaa City, Dubai, Fortaleza, Havana, Hurghada, Maceio, Mombasa, Natal, Nosy Be, Pointe a Pitre, Sharm el-Sheikh, Zanzibar 3
Air Malta Malta, Reggio Calabria 3
Air Moldova Chisinau 3
Air Seychelles Mahé 3
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver 3
AirBaltic Riga, Vilnius 3
Alitalia Amsterdam, Alghero, Ancona, Athens, Barcelona, Bari, Bologna, Brindisi, Brussels, Cagliari, Catania, Crotone, Florence, Frankfurt, Geneva, Genoa, Lamezia Terme, Madrid, Malaga, Malta, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Milan-Orio al Serio, Munich, Naples, Nice, Palermo, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pisa, Reggio Calabria, Thessaloniki, Turin, Valencia, Venice-Marco Polo, Verona, Vienna, Warsaw
Seasonal: Lampedusa, Pantelleria
1
Alitalia Accra, Algiers, Amman, Beirut, Belgrade, Boston, Bucharest-Otopeni, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Caracas, Cairo, Casablanca, Chicago-O'Hare, Damascus, Istanbul-Atatürk, Kiev-Boryspil, Lagos, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Miami, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, New York-JFK, Newark, Osaka-Kansai, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão [resumes 4 June], St Petersburg, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Sofia, Tehran-Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv, Tirana, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Tripoli, Tunis 3
American Airlines Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare, New York-JFK 5
Armavia Yerevan 3
Italian Airlines Vienna 3
Baboo Geneva 3
Belavia Minsk 3
Belle Air Pristina, Tirana 3
Biman Bangladesh Airlines Dhaka 3
Blue Air Bacau, Bucharest-Baneasa 2
Blue Panorama Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Cancun, Cayo Largo, Havana, Hurghada, Kos, La Romana, Luxor, Malé, Marsa Alam, Mykonos, Montego-Bay, Palma de Mallorca, Marsa Matrouh, Phuket, Roatan, Santiago de Cuba, Santorini, Sharm el-Sheikh, Zanzibar 3
Blue1 Helsinki 3
Blu-express Brindisi, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Genoa, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Kos, Lampedusa, Minorca, Mykonos, Nice, Palermo, Pantelleria, Rhodes, Santorini, Turin 3
British Airways London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow 3
Brussels Airlines Brussels 3
Bulgaria Air Sofia 3
Carpatair Craiova, Timisoara 3
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong 3
China Airlines Delhi, Taipei-Taoyuan 3
Cimber Sterling Billund, Copenhagen 3
City Airline Gothenburg-Landvetter 3
CityLine Swiss Dortmund [begins 1 November]
Continental Airlines Newark 5
Croatia Airlines Dubrovnik, Split, Zagreb 3
Cyprus Airways Larnaca, Milan-Malpensa 3
Czech Airlines Prague 3
Darwin Airline Lugano 3
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, New York-JFK
Seasonal: Detroit
5
EasyJet Amsterdam, Athens, Basel/Mulhouse, Bilbao [begins 2 November], Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Geneva, Heraklion, Lamezia Terme, Ibiza, Lisbon, London-Gatwick, Madrid, Malta, Milan-Malpensa, Mykonos, Nice, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Split, Toulouse, Venice-Marco Polo 2
EgyptAir Cairo, Luxor [ends 25 October], Sharm el-Sheikh [ends 24 October] 3
El Al Tel Aviv 5
Emirates Dubai 3
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Stockholm-Arlanda 3
Finnair Helsinki 3
FlyOristano Oristano 3
Freebird Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 3
Germanwings Cologne/Bonn, Hanover, Stuttgart 3
Iberia Madrid 3
Iberia operated by Air Nostrum Seasonal: Bilbao 3
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 3
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv 3
Jat Airways Belgrade 3
Jet2.com Leeds/Bradford, Manchester 3
Kenya Airways Nairobi [resumes 16 December] 3
KLM Amsterdam 1
Korean Air Seoul-Incheon 3
Kuwait Airways Kuwait, Paris-Charles de Gaulle 3
Libyan Airlines Benghazi, Tripoli 3
Livingston Energy Flight Cancún, Faro, Fortaleza, Fuerteventura, Havana, Ibiza, La Romana, Lourdes, Maceio, Malé, Marsa Matrouh, Mombasa, Salvador da Bahia, Santorini, Tenerife-South 3
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw
Seasonal: Kraków
3
Lufthansa Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Munich 3
Luxair Luxembourg 3
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur 3
Malév Hungarian Airlines Budapest 3
Meridiana Fly Cagliari, Olbia, Turin, Verona 1
Meridiana Fly Colombo, Dakar, Malé, Mauritius, Mombasa, Palma de Mallorca, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tel Aviv, Zanzibar 3
Middle East Airlines Beirut 3
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica 3
Neos Boa Vista, Mahon, Malé, Marsa Matrouh, Mombasa, Rhodes, Sal, Tel Aviv 3
Niki Vienna 3
Norwegian Air Shuttle Bergen, Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda, Warsaw 3
Olympic Air Athens [ends 31 October] 3
Onur Air Antalya 3
Qatar Airways Doha 3
Pegasus Airlines İstanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 3
Rossiya St Petersburg 3
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca 3
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia 3
Saudi Arabian Airlines Jeddah, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Riyadh 3
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen
Seasonal: Stockholm-Arlanda
3
Singapore Airlines Singapore 3
Smart Wings Prague 3
SriLankan Airlines Colombo 3
Sun d'Or International Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv 3
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 3
Syrian Air Aleppo, Damascus 3
TAP Portugal Lisbon 3
TAP operated by Portugalia Porto 3
TAROM Bucharest-Otopeni 3
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi 3
Transavia.com Rotterdam 3
Transavia.com Denmark Copenhagen [ends 29 October] 3
Tunisair Djerba, Monastir, Tabarka, Tunis 3
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 3
Ukraine International Airlines Donetsk, Kiev-Boryspil, Lviv 3
United Airlines Washington-Dulles
Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare
5
Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg 3
US Airways Charlotte, Philadelphia 5
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent 3
Vueling Airlines Barcelona, Ibiza, Madrid, Malaga, Palma de Mallorca , Paris-Orly, Seville, Valencia 3
Wind Jet Catania, Forlì, Palermo 2
Wizz Air Belgrade [begins 15 December], Budapest, Cluj-Napoca, Gdansk, Poznan, Prague, Sofia, Timisoara, Warsaw 3
Yemenia Sana'a 3

Ground handling

Ground handling services have been provided by Aeroporti di Roma up to 1999 when it created Aeroporti di Roma Handling (to serve all airlines apart from Alitalia, which continued being handled by Aeroporti di Roma itself). Alitalia provided passenger assistance even before 1999. In 2001 Alitalia created Alitalia Airport and started providing self-handling and third party handling. Air One created EAS and started providing third-party services too. Aeroporti di Roma Handling remains the biggest handler in terms of airlines handled but Alitalia Airport is the biggest handler in terms of airplanes handled as Alitalia aircraft account for 50% of the ones in Fiumicino. There are some private handlers that provide passenger assistance alone: ARE Group, Globeground Italia and ICTS Italia.

On 2 May 2006 Meridiana's passenger handling staff transferred to Alitalia Airport and the ramp transferred to Alitalia Airport in February 2007 (from Aeroporti di Roma Handling).

The ground handling deregulation has brought confusion on who does what and has decreased service levels especially on transferring baggage.

In May 2006 Italy's Civil Aviation Authority announced that it took off the limitation of 3 ramp handlers in Rome Leonardo da Vinci airport. ARE Group and Aviapartner announced that they would create a company called Aviapartner (51% Aviapartner; 49% ARE Group) to serve Milan Malpensa and Rome Leonardo da Vinci. There are fears that luggage mishandling will go up.

In November 2006 Aeroporti di Roma Handling was sold to Flightcare (itself owned by Spanish company FCC), an Aviance member.

Security services

Security Services transferred from the Polizia di Stato to Aeroporti di Roma in 2000. Aeroporti di Roma created Airport Security (100%-owned) to provide these services as well as security services to airlines (in competition with other security companies such as IVRI). Airport Security is supervised by Polizia di Stato (Italian State Police), Guardia di Finanza (Italian Customs Police), Ente Nazionale Aviazione Civile (Italy's Civil Aviation Authority) and Aeroporti di Roma.

Ground transportation


Fiumicino Airport railway station
Fiumicino Airport railway station

Leonardo da Vinci is about 35 kilometres (22 miles) by car from Rome's historic city centre. The airport is well served by the 6-lane motorway A91 Roma-Fiumicino and numerous buses and taxis.

The airport is served by the Leonardo Express train operated by Trenitalia, available at the airport terminal. It takes 30 minutes to get to Termini Station in a non-stop trip that is provided twice an hour. Alternatively, local trains leave once every 15 minutes, stopping at all stations. Passengers may have to change at Trastevere, Ostiense (Metro Piramide) or Tuscolana.

Accidents and incidents

From the 1960s until the 1980s, the airport experienced significant aircraft hijackings as well as being the scene of two major terrorist attacks and the port of origin for an aircraft bombing in flight—all engendered by the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

  • On 23 November 1964 TWA Flight 800 (1964) an engine caught fire on the Boeing 707 during take off. 50 out of the 73 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • On 05 March 1967 Varig flight 837, a Douglas DC-8-33 registration PP-PEA flying from Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão via Monrovia, caught fire after a mistaken approach to Monrovia, missing the threshold of the runway by 6,023 ft. Of the 90 passengers and crew aboard, 51 died.
  • On 17 December 1973 Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) Flight 110 was attacked by Palestinian terrorists. 30 passengers were killed when phosphorus bombs were thrown aboard the aircraft as it was preparing for departure.
  • On 29 January 1974 Meld Meir, Mossad director was nearly assassinated by the Black September Organisation but was foiled at the last minute when the Mossad agents foiled the attempt.
  • On 27 December 1985 during the Rome and Vienna airport attacks terrorists shot and killed 16 people and wounded 99 other at the airport.
  • On 2 April 1986, Trans World Airlines (TWA) Flight 840, which was travelling from Fiumicino to Ellinikon International Airport in Athens, Greece, was bombed, ejecting 4 people out of the plane to their deaths. The plane landed safely.
  • On 17 October 1988, Uganda Airlines flight 775, en route from London Gatwick Airport to Rome then Entebbe International Airport, crashed short of the runway after two missed approaches. 26 of 45 aboard and all 7 crew members died.
  • 7 September 2005 - Ryanair is under investigation by ANSV, the Italian air accident investigation agency, for an attempted bad weather approach. During an unstabilised approach, the non-flying co-pilot had to intervene to initiate a late go-around, then the crew decided to divert to Pescara.

Media appearances

The mission "Rome-Naples Airline Run" supplied with Microsoft Flight Simulator X begins at Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport.



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General Info
Country Italy
ICAO ID LIRF
Time UTC+1(+2DT)
Latitude 41.804475
41° 48' 16.11" N
Longitude 12.250797
012° 15' 02.87" E
Elevation 15 feet
5 meters
Type Civil
Magnetic Variation 001° E (01/06)
Beacon Yes
Operating Agency CIVIL GOVERNMENT, (LANDING FEES AND DIPLOMATIC CLEARANCE MAY BE REQUIRED)
Alternate Name LEONARDO DA VINCI INTL
Near City Rome
Operating Hours 24 HOUR OPERATIONS
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry
Daylight Saving Time Last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October


Communications
FIUME TWR 118.7
127.625
(127.625 avbl 0600-2200Z++ for Rwy 16L/34R or 16C/34C)
FIUME GND/APRON
(ATC and start up clnc on 121.8 0600-2200Z++, 121.9 H24)
121.8
121.9
122.125
(Push back and taxi clnc on 122.125 0600-2200Z++, 121.9 H24)
FIUME RAMP 121.725
ATIS 114.9
121.85
(ARR 114.9)(DEP 121.85)
ROMA DIRECTOR ARR
Opr 0700-1900Z++
119.2


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
07/25 10856 x 148 feet
3309 x 45 meters
ASPHALT - YES
16R/34L 12795 x 197 feet
3900 x 60 meters
ASPHALT - YES
16L/34R 12795 x 197 feet
3900 x 60 meters
ASPHALT - YES


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
VOR-DME OST OSTIA 096X 114.9 At Field -
NDB OST OSTIA - 321 At Field -


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel Jet A1+, Jet A1 with icing inhibitor.


Remarks
CAUTION Lo level wind shear possible. Multi cranes S of arpt btn Rwy 16L and 16R to 172'.
FUEL (NC-A1)
LGT PAPI Rwy 25 MEHT 75'.
MISC Rwy 16L/34R prim for ldg - must rpt rwy vacated; Rwy 25 prim for tkof; other rwyuse by ATC discretion. Rwy 16C/34C identified and used as Twy D. Rwy 16C/34C may be used as a rwy nml activated by NOTAM at least 48 hr PN. Rwy 16L/34R willthen be clsd.



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