Location in Italy|
US F-16s at Aviano|
General Dynamics F-16C Block 40A Fighting Falcon 89-030 of the 510th Fighter Squadron|
Aviano Air Base (IATA: AVB, ICAO: LIPA) is an American airbase in northeastern Italy, in Friuli-Venezia Giulia region. It is located in Aviano municipality, at the foot of the Carnic Alps, about 15 kilometers from Pordenone.
Aviano is hosted by the United States Air Force 31st Fighter Wing (31 FW), a part of the United States Air Forces in Europe, a major command of the Air Force and also the air component of the United States European Command, one of the Unified Combatant Command of the Department of Defense.
The 31 FW includes a maintenance group, a mission support group, a medical group and an operations group (OG). The 31 OG's operational fighter squadrons are:
- 510th Fighter Squadron "Buzzards"
- 555th Fighter Squadron "Triple Nickel"
Both are equipped with Block 40 F-16CM Fighting Falcons, tail coded "AV".
Aviano's current mission is to conduct regional and expeditionary operations under NATO, SACEUR or national tasking.
Aviano Air Base was established by the Italian government in 1911, and was used as training base for Italian pilots and construction facility for aircraft parts. During World War I, Italy used the airfield in missions against the Austro-Hungarian and German armies. At that time, two Italian aviators, Captain Maurizio Pagliano and Lieutenant Luigi Gori, conducted an unauthorized, but heroic and successful, air raid on the Italian naval yards in Pula, in what is now Croatia. In their honor, the base's name was officially changed to Aeroporto Pagliano e Gori, in 1919. During the war the airfield was also overrun by the Austro-German army. Between the two wars the airfield was again used as a training base.
During World War II, both the Italian Air Force and the German Luftwaffe flew missions from Aeroporto Pagliano e Gori. British forces captured the base in 1945; they conducted air operations there until 1947, when the Italian Air Force resumed operational use of the airport. The Italian Air Force used the base until 1954.
United States Air Force Use
In 1954, the U.S. and Italian governments signed a joint-use agreement that brought the base into the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Headquarters of the United States Air Forces in Europe (USAFE) officially activated the airfield on February 15, 1955 with the activation of the 7207th Air Base Squadron.
Aviano had no permanent tactical combat aircraft assigned. Instead, the base hosted rotational fighter deployments from Tactical Air Command bases in the United States in support of NATO alert commitments and Air Force weapons-training deployments. The 7227th Combat Support Group was the host unit at Aviano effective December 1, 1957, being replaced by the 40th Tactical Group on April 1, 1966 to handle the rotational units from the United States on a permanent basis.
With the closure of U.S. operations at Torrejon Air Base Spain on May 21, 1992, the 401st Tactical Fighter Wing moved to Aviano, supplanting the 40th Tactical Group. After Hurricane Andrew destroyed Homestead AFB, Florida, the 401st was deactivated and replaced by the 31st Fighter Wing on April 1, 1994.
On June 2, 1995, US Air Force Captain Scott O'Grady, attached to the 555th Fighter Squadron in support of Operation Deny Flight over Bosnia, was shot down by a Bosnian SA-6 surface-to-air missile and forced to eject from his aircraft. Six days later, he was rescued by United States Marines of the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit based on the USS Kearsarge. The event would come to be known as the Mrkonjić Grad incident.
Cavalese cable-car disaster
In the Cavalese cable-car disaster, on February 3, 1998, a jet flying too low on a training exercise from Aviano Air Base severed a cable car's cable over the Alps at Cavalese, Italy, causing 20 deaths. Current Secretary of State Massimo D'Alema, a Prime Minister at the time of the tragedy, admitted having decided to trade the release of Lexington AMX detainee and activist Silvia Baraldini with the promise to US officials that no further investigations on the Cavalese disaster would have been allowed or putten forth.
Imam rapito affair
On November 4, 2009, the conviction by an Italian court of 22 CIA agents, a U.S. Air Force colonel and two Italian SISMI secret agents confirmed the role of the Aviano Air Base in the kidnapping, on February 17, 2003, of Hassan Mustafa Osama Nasr, in the so-called "extraordinary rendition" programme. The man, abducted in Milan by CIA agents, was taken to Aviano Air Base for interrogation before being transported via Ramstein Air Base (Germany) to Alexandria, Egypt, and turned over to the custody of Egypt's State Security Intelligence, where he declared to have undergone electric shock and other tortures.
The United States Department of Defense awarded Aviano Air Base with the Best Anti-Terrorism Program Award for 2008.
The layout of Aviano Air Base is unique because the community consists of seven areas, which include the administrative, community and support areas, the 16th Air Force command compound, the flight line area, a munitions storage area, a civil engineering complex, a recreational area and a decommissioned fuel railhead. Aviano Air Base is divided into nine areas stretched between the towns of Aviano and Pordenone, nine miles south of the base. In the wake of the Aviano 2000 project, many elements of the scattered areas are being consolidated into the flightline area. The major areas are:
- Area A1 contains a few of Aviano's support functions (such as the library and chapel) and the newly built school for the base population's children.
- Area A2 contains the Fitness Centers, Dining Halls, some older Dormitories, Thrift Shop and Fire Department.
- Area C contains Civil Engineering activities, Initial Issue, and contractor facilities.
- Area D contains a soccer/football field and picnic area.
- Area E, 16th Air Force Headquarters area, contains AFN, some communications functions (base operators) and K-9 facilities. The Italian Carabinieri (military police) also have their base headquarters in this area.
- Area F is the flightline area, and by far the largest area in Aviano. This sprawling complex contains the active runway and two taxiways, the operational and support units: 31st Fighter Wing Commander's Office, a portion of the Traffic Management Office, Air Mobility Command Passenger Terminal, Supply, Security Force Offices, flying squadrons, new dormitories, billeting, BX and Commissary, Food Court, Post Office, Movie Theater, Fitness Centers, Recreational Area (ball parks, track, campground), Golf Course, Pass & Registration, and Drivers Testing.
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46° 01' 54.80" N
012° 35' 47.30" E
||002° E (01/06)
||PAGLIANO E GORI
||SEE REMARKS FOR OPERATING HOURS OR COMMUNICATIONS FOR POSSIBLE HOURS
|International Clearance Status
||Airport of Entry
|Daylight Saving Time
||Last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October
|VFR RADAR ADVSY SVC
Ctc ItAF APP CON
(Yankee OPS/DF msn, Falcon OPS/all others)
(122.1 Joint ItAF/USAF)
(134.1 Joint ItAF/USAF)
||Wx briefing avbl as duties permit dur posted hr, OT briefings provided by 21 OWSDSN C496 6145/6 or C+49 6302 67 6145/6. Full svc avbl H24 Mon-Fri, svc may chg ref Wg flying.
||APP svc 2100-0500Z with Treviso APP 120.4. Radar svc not assured.
||8551 x 144 feet
2606 x 44 meters
||Distance From Field
||Bearing From Navaid
||O-148, MIL L 7808 (Synthetic Base), Turboprop/Turboshaft Engine|
O-156, MIL L 23699 (Synthetic Base)Turboprop/Turboshaft Engine
JOAP Joint Oil Analysis Program
||SP, Single Point Refueling|
LHOX, Low and high pressure oxygen servicing
LOX, Liquid oxygen servicing
LHNIT, Low and high pressure nitrogen servicing
AIR: 150+/-5lb/min (2055+/-68cfm) at 51+/- psia, AC: 120/208v, 400 cycle, 3 phase, 75kva, 0.75pf, 4 wire, DC:28v, 200 amp, 5.6kw
AC:115/200v, 3 phase, 90 kva, 0.8pf, 4 wire, DC: 28v,1500 amp, 72kw
||PPR/OFFL BUS ONLY. Msn Diplomatic Clnc Nr (MDCN) must be obtained prior to PPR Nr. All inbd/outbd acft must have MDCN and PPR Nr in fld 18 of FPL. In add, allhaz cargo msn must have the phrase 'haz cargo' prior to corr MDCN and PPR Nr infld 18 of FPL. Failure to do so may result in denied ldg or tkof clnc by ITAF.All acft must req PPR not later than 24 hr. Ctc Afld Management 632-7222/7634, fax 8674. All inbd acft must ctc Comd Post (FALCON OPS) and AMC msn ctc AMCC 30min prior to arr. AMC acft must provide copy of crew orders/PAX manifest to AMC and non-AMC acft to Tran Alert upon arr. Ltd hvy acft park avbl. 1 haz cargopad avbl w/48 hr PN and coord. All 4 eng jet acft have outboard eng on idle fortaxi maneuvers. Ltd COMSEC stor capability.
||Rwy 05 apch end BAK-12 avbl O/R, 15 min PN. Dep end barriers up.
||Rapidly rising mt terrain 4 NM NW. Multi obst on afld, in ATZ. Possible hang gldr act along mt (sfc to 500' ) N of rwy, wkend/Italian hol. Bright lgt lt side prior to thld and 2000' byd thld rgt side may cause disorientation on FNA Rwy 05.Bird haz Apr-Sep. Rdo com difficulties on all freq btn rad 24 CW 03 AVI TACat and blw FL 180. 45' crane, 3760' fr thld Rwy 05, 940' S of rwy. Crane 100' AGL, aprx 4300' fr Rwy 05 thld, 1206' N rwy RCL.
||SP HPOX LOX LHOX LHNIT
||PAPI Rwy 05, 23 GS 2.5 . PAPIs non-std lctd lt and rgt side Rwy 05/23.
||Attn all aircrews-If you are inbd to Aviano fr any stn other than stn you notified afld management OPS of on yr PPR, you must call and chg yr PPR. Aviano does not accept DD FM 1801. If outd flt plan is not in sys, pilots must be prepared tofill out a 'Piano di Volo' IT version of DD FM 1801 in ink. All aircrews using STS/AFTMEXEMPTAPPROVED in blk 18 of flt plan must coord with Rome, 'PRESIDENZA DEL CONSIGLIO DEL MINISTRI-UFFICIO PER I VOLI DI STATO, DI GOVERNO ED UMANITARI,ETC' to obtain auth code. Auth code is rqr or rmk must be removed fr flt plan. Ctc afld mgr for assistance. All aircrews and PAX will travel off/on Aviano AB inciv attire only. Recommend wearing this when traveling in or having this readily avbl upon arr. The changing of clothes can be accomplished at the AMC trml. All RON crews are rqr to file outbd FPL and RON statement with Afld Management prior to crew rest, altering ETD or rte may result in ATC dly. All other transiting crews must file NLT 3 hrs prior to EOBT to avoid lengthy slot times. Ctc GND for eng start apvl and ATC clnc 20 min prior to ETD. Official wx issued by ATCis ITAF wx (LIPA). USAF wx obsn avbl dur wing flying only under LIYW. USAF wxfcst (LIYW) avbl H24 not amd btn 2200-0600Z++. Wx fcst info avbl H24 fr 21 OWS DSN C496-6145/6 or C+49 6302 67 6145/6. Rwy 05-23 has 2/15 Kt wind cones. See AP/2-ITALY Supplementary Arpt Rmks for additional info on A-G, Tran Alert and RSTDentries. RVR not avbl. Non-TACAN eqpt acft must be prepared to execute the NDB Rwy 05 apch on arr at Aviano dur periods of peak act with Padova CON and Aviano APP. COMSEC not avbl.
||S VFR rectangular pat clsd to ftr acft and larger, due to NS ABTMT pro. Avoid ovft of small towns wi 3 NM of arpt and observe all NS ABTMT pro. Single str-in apch/full stop on wkend and Italian hol. Single apch to full stop ldg fr 2100-0630Z++.
||Opr 0700-2100Z++ exc for ITAF apv msn, clsd Sun.
||Overhead pat (N of rwy) avbl SR-SS exc wkend/Italian hol. Lt turns Rwy 05, rgt turns Rwy 23, always break twd mts. Rectangular 1500', overhead 2000'. Std USAF RSRS applies.
||Tran acft can exp svc dlys. No maint cap avbl. Min manning on wkend/hol. Launch and recovery of ftr acft not avbl on wkend and hol.
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