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Chennai Intl Airport



Chennai International Airport
(Annadurai International Airport)

Meenambakkam Airport
சென்னை பன்னாட்டு வானூர்தி நிலையம்
The Chennai Airport undergoing development work
IATA: MAA – ICAO: VOMM
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of India
Operator Airports Authority of India
Serves Chennai Metropolitan Area
Location Tirusulam, Chennai (Madras)
Hub for
  • Blue Dart Aviation
  • Indian Airlines
  • Jet Airways
  • Paramount Airways
Elevation AMSL 52 ft / 16 m
Coordinates 12°58′56″N 80°9′49″E / 12.98222°N 80.16361°E / 12.98222; 80.16361
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
07/25 12,001 3,658 Asphalt
12/30 6,708 2,045 Asphalt–Concrete
Statistics (2007-08)
Passenger movements 10,659,754
Airfreight movements in tonnes 270,608
Aircraft movements 115,865
Source: DAFIF

Chennai International Airport or Annadurai International Airport (IATA: MAA, ICAO: VOMM) (Tamil: சென்னை பன்னாட்டு வானூர்தி நிலையம் ), formerly known as Madras International Airport is located in Tirusulam, 7 km (4.3 mi) south of Chennai (Madras), India. It is one of the largest international gateways into the country, the third-busiest airport in India (after Delhi and Mumbai), and an international hub handling around 12 million passengers in 2007 and serving more than 25 different airlines. It is the second-largest cargo hub in the country, after Mumbai. It is located along Meenambakkam and Tirusulam, with passenger entry at Tirusulam and cargo entry at Meenambakkam. Once the expansion works are completed, it will be the 3rd busiest airport in India, behind only Delhi and Mumbai. The International terminal is named after Former Late Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Annadurai. The domestic terminal is named after another former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Kamaraj. It was built on land donated by former governor of Madras Presidency, L. Sriramulu Naidu.

History


The old terminal(1945) at Meenambakkam
The old terminal(1945) at Meenambakkam

Madras (Chennai) had one of the first airports in India, and was the final destination of Air India's first flight from Bombay (Mumbai) via Belgaum in 1954. The first passenger terminal was built at the northeast side of the airfield, which lies in the suburb of Meenambakkam due to which it was referred to as Meenambakkam Airport. A new terminal complex was subsequently built at Tirusulam, further south near Pallavaram to which, passenger operations were shifted. The old terminal building is now used as a cargo terminal and is the base for the Indian courier company Blue Dart.

Structure


Chennai Airport at night
Chennai Airport at night

Chennai International Airport consists of three terminals: The old terminal at Meenambakkam is used for cargo, while the new passenger terminal complex at Tirusulam is used for passenger operations. The passenger terminal complex consists of the domestic and international terminals interconnected by a link building, which houses administrative offices and a restaurant. Although the complex is one continuous structure, it was built incrementally, with the Kamaraj and Anna terminals being added in 1988 to the pre-existing Meenambakkam terminal.

The first part to be built was the international terminal which had two aerobridges (jetways), followed by the domestic terminal with three aerobridges. After the completion of the domestic terminal, the old terminal at Meenambakkam was used exclusively for cargo. Recently the international terminal was extended further south by adding a new block which includes three aerobridges. At present, the new international block is used for departures while the older building is used for arrivals.

Facts and figures

Chennai Airport is considered one of the leading airports in the world. In the international customer satisfaction surveys in 2009, it was ranked number 2 in the world, behind Amsterdam Schipol Airport. It beat Singapore and Dubai, which is a big achievment. Currently, Chennai airport handles about 25 aircraft movements every hour, which will be saturated by the year 2014-15. However, peak hour traffic handling capability will be exhausted much earlier than that. Anna International Terminal handled 3,410,253 passengers in 2007-08 and has the capacity of handling 3M passengers annually, Already it has surpassed the passenger handling capacity. Similarly, Kamaraj Domestic Terminal, which handled 7,249,501 passengers in 2007-08, has the capacity to handle 6 million passengers annually. Here again the terminal demand far exceeds the capacity. In all Chennai airport handled a capacity of 10,659,754 passengers in 2007 - 08. The airport handled cargo of a total of 270,608 tonnes in 2007 - 08.

  • In 2007-08, the existing airport handled 1,15,865 aircraft movements and its capacity to handle aircraft movements is likely to be saturated by 2014-15.
  • The existing airport can handle about 25 aircraft movement per hour and even after expansion, the airport will get saturated by 2014-15 and the Greenfield Airport has to be ready by then. The same logic has been applied in Mumbai, where the Navi Mumbai International Airport is to be ready by the time, the existing one gets saturated around the same time.
  • The AAI is of the view that a logical thing would be to construct a new domestic terminal and allow simultaneous use of the cross runways there. These things can take us through till the year 2015.

Modernisation and expansion

The Chennai Airport has been slated for modernisation and expansion. The works are to be carried out by the Airports Authority of India and include the creation of a parallel runway, taxiways, aprons and new passenger terminal buildings. The expansion works will involve the acquisition of land in nearby areas. The expansion of the existing airport would be taken up at Manapakkam, Kolapakkam, Gerugambakkam and Tharapakkam in Sriperumbudur taluk after a resolution to this effect was adopted by the government.

The government would provide suitable compensation to 947 households in these areas and also rehabilitation to them. The rehabilitation of the households would be done in the first phase of the expansion work itself.

The modernisation and restructuring is expected to cost around 2,350 crore, of which the cost of construction of the runway, taxiway and apron would be around 1,100 crore, while the cost of construction of the terminal building, cargo building, car park and face uplift would be 1,250 crore.

As per the modernisation plan, the secondary runway will be built over the Adyar river by means of a bridge. The runway will extend across Adyar river. A bridge will be built over the river to accommodate the runway and a taxiway. This makes Chennai Airport, the only international airport in India to have a runway across the river. In Mumbai only an end of the runway is over Mithi river. The secondary runway extension will cost around 430 crore and will be completed in 2010.

The proposed Chennai Metro Rail Project will connect the Chennai International Airport to various parts of the City. Tentatively, the project is programmed for completion in the financial year 2013-2014.

Proposed new passenger terminals

The current development projects include construction of a new domestic terminal and expansion of the current International terminal. The design is a collaborative effort of four firms. While George Hargreaves Associates has done the landscape design Gensler and Frederic Schwartz Architects are responsible for the design of the passengers terminal buildings, parking garage structures and access roadway access system. The Creative Group would be the local architects for the project. The proposed design will be connected with the existing terminal design elements. It was earlier reported that the new terminal buildings will have a handling capacity of 10 million passengers and when integrated with existing terminals will provide for a handling capacity of 23 million passengers a year. The new terminal buildings are expected to have an area of about 1, 40,000 m². with 140 check-in counters, 20 aerobridge and 60 immigration counters and the two runways would be interconnected by a network of taxiways. The Terminal complex will have a Flyover Travelator connecting the Domestic Terminal and International Terminal for a distance of about 1 km. It will have an elevated road on the top and a tube below which will have two Walkalators

The design details of the runways are handled by the Airports Authority of India, while architecture firms are limited to designing buildings on the land side of the runway. The present proposal is parallel to the existing runway. The entire design as being organised around “two lush sustainable gardens” and the wing-like roofs helps collect rainwater and become part of the garden.

Proposed new integrated cargo complex

An integrated cargo complex will be built in the cargo complex of the Chennai International Airport. The complex would be constructed, at a cost of 145 crore, in 15 months. While the ground floor would measure 21,000 square metres, the first floor would be built on 12,100 square metres. The new building would be used exclusively for import activities. Once the civil works were completed, the Automatic Storage and Retrieval System would be installed. It would cost Indian Rupee symbol.svg 75 crore.

New Greenfield Airport

Tamil Nadu Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi has announced the setting up of a new greenfield airport at Sriperumbudur and Tiruvallur taluks, apart from the expansion of the existing airport at Tirusulam.

The greenfield airport would come up on 3,486.66 acres (14.1100 km), expansion of Chennai airport would be done on 1,069.99 acres (4.3301 km) at an estimated cost of Indian Rupee symbol.svg 2,000 crore.

Initially the work for the greenfield airports was to be entrusted to the Airports Authority of India (AAI). However, the greenfield airport, coming up at Sriperumbudur near Chennai will be developed under a public-private partnership. The Prime Minister’s Committee has also asked for a pre-feasibility report for this airport.

The greenfield airport will have four runways. Eyeing Chennai airport, leading global airport developers are forging alliances with Indian players for bidding for the project. The companies interested in the project include Singapore Changi Airport, Macquarie Group, GMR Group, GVK Industries Ltd. and Tata Group.

Union Civil Aviation Minister Praful Patel has clarified that “there is no role for the AAI in developing the greenfield airport near Chennai”.

The new airport is expected to be completed within 28 months of work commencement.

Shelving of Greenfield Airport Project

The much-expected second airport at Sriperumbudur may not take off as both the Centre and the state government are preparing to shelve the project.

Even as the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) has undertaken a techno-economic feasibility study of the project, a senior official in the Union civil aviation ministry said that the government is convinced that there is no urgent need for a second airport in the city, as the existing airport at Meenambakkam is being expanded.

Greenfield airport proposal - NOT given up yet

Expansion and modernization of Chennai airport would be completed by next year and the government was also taking 'necessary action' to establish a greenfield airport, the state Assembly was informed today.The policy note of transport department, tabled in the assembly by minister K N Nehru, said the government acknowledged the fact that the southern metropolis was fast becoming an investment destination and, therefore, the present modernization effort."The modernization of the airport will be completed by 2011."Already 126 acres of land has been acquired by the government at a cost of Indian Rupee symbol.svg 127.06 crore and handed over to Airports Authority of India " it said. AAI was the implementing agency and it had taken up the work at an estimated cost of Indian Rupee symbol.svg 1,808 crore (Indian Rupee symbol.svg 18.08 billion), the policy note said. Further, the state government was also taking 'necessary action' to establish a greenfield airport at Sriperumbudur, an industrial hub near here.Importance was also placed on developing non-metro airports such as Madurai and Coimbatore and new facilities in the latter will be ready by June as the city prepares to host the International Classical Tamil Conference, it added.

ICAO to clear second airport at Chennai

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is expected to clear the second airport at Chennai by end of September 2010. The rule that there should be 150 km distance between two airports wouldn't apply to Chennai, as it is a fast-growing city. Consequently, Chennai is bound to become the first south Indian city to have two operational airports.

Transport links

The airport is situated on the busy Grand Southern Trunk Road (National Highway 45) and is also served by the Airport station (Tirusulam) on the Suburban railway network. The proposed Metro Rail System (Chennai Metro) will also connect the Airport with other important places in Chennai.

The proposed new green field airport in Chennai sriperumbatur is against the international aviation traffice rules. As per this, two airports could not be there in 150 km. Sriperumbatur is 35 km from the Chennai Airport.

Terminals, Airlines and Destinations

Domestic routes from Chennai
An Air Mauritius Boeing 767-300ER seen from the viewing gallery
Ramp view
Boeing 737-700 taking off
A Cargolux Boeing 747-4R7F/SCD parked at Chennai Airport.

Domestic flights operate from the Kamaraj Terminal, while the Anna Terminal is for international flights. The old terminal at Meenambakkam is used for Cargo Operations.

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Arabia Sharjah Anna International
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur, Penang Anna International
Air India Dammam Anna International
Air India operated by Indian Airlines Delhi [begins 31 October], Mumbai, Singapore Anna International
Air-India Express Abu Dhabi, Colombo, Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, Mumbai, Singapore, Tiruchirapalli, Thiruvananthapuram Anna International
Air India Regional Agatti, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Delhi, Nagpur, Visakhapatnam Kamaraj Domestic
Air Mauritius Mauritius Anna International
Air Seychelles Mahé [begins 3 November] Anna International
British Airways London-Heathrow Anna International
Cathay Pacific Airways Hong Kong Anna International
Emirates Dubai Anna International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi Anna International
Gulf Air Bahrain Anna International
Indian Airlines Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Coimbatore, Delhi, Goa, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kolkata, Kozhikode, Madurai, Mumbai, Port Blair, Thiruvananthapuram Kamaraj Domestic
Indian Airlines Colombo, Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, Kuwait, Muscat Anna International
IndiGo Ahmedabad [begins 10 November], Bangalore, Delhi, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jaipur [begins 10 November], Kolkata, Mumbai, Pune Kamaraj Domestic
Jet Airways Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kolkata, Madurai, Mumbai, Port Blair, Pune, Thiruvananthapuram Kamaraj Domestic
Jet Airways Brussels, Colombo, Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, New York-JFK, Singapore Anna International
JetLite Delhi, Visakhapatnam Kamaraj Domestic
JetLite Colombo Anna International
Kingfisher Airlines Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Khajuraho, Kolkata, Kochi, Madurai, Mangalore, Mumbai, Mysore, Port Blair, Pune, Salem, Tiruchirapalli, Thiruvananthapuram, Tuticorin, Varanasi, Visakhapatnam Kamaraj Domestic
Kingfisher Airlines Colombo Anna International
Kuwait Airways Kuwait Anna International
Lufthansa Frankfurt Anna International
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur Anna International
Oman Air Muscat Anna International
Qatar Airways Doha Anna International
Saudi Arabian Airlines Jeddah, Riyadh, Dammam Anna International
SilkAir Singapore Anna International
Singapore Airlines Singapore Anna International
SpiceJet Ahmedabad, Bagdogra, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kolkata, Madurai, Mumbai, Pune Kamaraj Domestic
SpiceJet Colombo [begins 9 October] Anna International
Sri Lankan Airlines Colombo Anna International
Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi Anna International
Tiger Airways Singapore Anna International

Cargo Terminal

Airlines Destinations
Air India Cargo Bangalore, Damman, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai
Blue Dart Aviation Bangalore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai
British Airways World Cargo operated by Global Supply Systems Hong Kong, London-Stansted
Cathay Pacific Cargo Bangkok, Delhi, Dubai, Hong Kong, Mumbai
Deccan 360 Delhi, Hong Kong, Mumbai
DHL Express Worldwide
Emirates Sky Cargo Dubai, Hong Kong
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur
Etihad Crystal Cargo Abu Dhabi, Colombo
Expo Aviation Colombo
Great Wall Airlines Mumbai, Shanghai
Jade Cargo International Dubai, Shenzhen
Jett8 Airlines Cargo Singapore
Korean Air Cargo Bangkok, Seoul
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Sharjah
Martinair Cargo Amsterdam, Hong Kong, Sharjah
MASkargo Kuala Lumpur
Midex Airlines Al Ain
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Singapore Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Brussels, Chicago, Copenhagen, Dallas, Sharjah, Singapore
Thai Airways Cargo Bangkok (strats 9 October 2010, ends 10 October 2010)
Transmile Air Services Kuala lampur

MRO hangar facility

Airlines that have Hangar facilities at Chennai
Airlines
Air India
Indian Airlines
Kingfisher Airlines

Incidents and accidents

  • On 5 March 1999, an ex-UTA Boeing 747-2B3F (SCD) freighter (registration F-GPAN) carrying a revenue load of 66 tons of cargo on flight 6745 from Paris Charles de Gaulle to Madras Meenambakkam, India, via Karachi, Pakistan and Bangalore HAL Airport, India, crash-landed, caught fire and burned out. Meenambakkam ATC had cleared the aircraft for an ILS approach to the airport's runway 07. The crew abandoned the approach due to technical difficulties. The aircraft circled to attempt a second approach. At the end of the second approach, the aircraft's nose struck the runway while touching down because its nose gear was either not down or not locked. The plane skidded and came to rest 7,000 feet (2,100 m) down the 13,050 ft (3,980 m). runway. After it had come to a standstill, the crew noticed smoke on the flight deck and began to extinguish the flames. Soon after, flames erupted in the aircraft's front section. One crew member managed to escape from the flight deck via a rope ladder. The remaining four crew members were rescued by the airport fire service from the rear, before the flames engulfed the entire aircraft. The fire service was unable to extinguish the fire and the aircraft burned out.
  • In August 1984, a bomb blast 1,200 meters from the airport killed 33 persons and injured 27 others.


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General Info
Country India
ICAO ID VOMM
Time UTC+5:30
Latitude 12.994414
12° 59' 39.89" N
Longitude 80.180517
080° 10' 49.86" E
Elevation 52 feet
16 meters
Type Civil
Magnetic Variation 001° W (01/06)
Beacon Yes
Operating Agency CIVIL GOVERNMENT, (LANDING FEES AND DIPLOMATIC CLEARANCE MAY BE REQUIRED)
Near City Madras
Operating Hours 24 HOUR OPERATIONS
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry


Communications
TWR 118.1
GND 121.9
SCHENNAI RADARS 125.7
127.9
ATIS 126.4
APP 127.9
119.5
CHENNAI CNTR 118.9
125.3
125.75


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
07/25 12001 x 148 feet
3658 x 45 meters
ASPHALT 105FCWT YES
12/30 6708 x 148 feet
2045 x 45 meters
PART CONCRETE, PART ASPHALT, OR PART BITUMEN-BOUND MACADAM. 045FCWT NO


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
VOR-DME MMV CHENNAI 072X 112.5 At Field -
NDB MA CHENNAI - 228 6.6 NM 071.2


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel Jet A, without icing inhibitor.

100/130 MIL Spec, low lead, aviation gasoline (BLUE)


Remarks
CAUTION Do not mistake Tambaram AB 5.8NM SW of Chennai for Chennai Intl arpt which has similar rwy alignment.
FUEL (NC-100LL, A1)
LGT CALVERT apch lgt shorter than normal len.



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