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Guam Intl Airport



Guam International Airport
Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport
IATA: GUM – ICAO: PGUM – FAA LID: GUM

GUM
Location of the Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner A.B. Won Pat Guam Int'l Airport Authority
Serves Guam
Location Barrigada and Tamuning, Guam
Hub for Continental Airlines operated by Continental Micronesia
Elevation AMSL 297 ft / 91 m
Coordinates 13°29′02″N 144°47′50″E / 13.48389°N 144.79722°E / 13.48389; 144.79722
Website www.GuamAirport.com
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
6L/24R 10,015 3,053 Asphalt/Concrete
6R/24L 10,014 3,052 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2006)
Aircraft operations 36,948
Based aircraft 74
Source: Federal Aviation Administration

Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport (IATA: GUM, ICAO: PGUM), also known as Guam International Airport, is an airport located in Tamuning and Barrigada, three miles east of the capital city of Hagåtña (formerly Agana) in the U.S. territory of Guam. It is named for Antonio Borja Won Pat, the first delegate from Guam to the United States House of Representatives, and is operated by the A.B. Won Pat Guam International Airport Authority (GIAA), an agency of the Government of Guam.

The airport is a hub for Continental Micronesia and the cargo carrier Asia Pacific Airlines.

History

The airport's history began as Naval Air Station Agana (Brewer Field) after World War II. Operations of the civilian terminal (Guam International Air Terminal) was passed onto the Government of Guam's Department of Commerce in 1969. In 1975, the Guam International Airport Authority (GIAA) was created as a separate agency. After NAS Agana was closed in April 1995, GIAA took over the entire airport's operations.

The first passenger terminal building was opened in 1982. The current, much larger terminal building was opened in phases between 1996 and 1998.

A Houston Chronicle article in 2008 stated that expected subsequent military buildup and population growth could lead to an expansion of Continental Micronesia flights to and from the airport.

Customs, immigration, and security inspections

Arrival passenger inspection is conducted by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP, immigration only) and Guam Customs & Quarantine Agency (GCQA). Departure security checks are conducted by the U.S. Transportation Security Administration (TSA).

Customs

Since Guam is outside the United States customs jurisdiction, passengers from all arrival flights go through GCQA inspection, and departing passengers on the Honolulu-bound flight (currently the only Stateside departure) go through a normal USCBP customs inspection upon arrival.

Immigration

The USCBP inspects all arriving passengers except nonstop flights from the States. Passengers arriving from the U.S. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) also have to go through USCBP inspection as the Northern Marianas are a separate U.S. immigration jurisdiction. For U.S. citizens, passports are not required to enter Guam from the CNMI (i.e., other forms of ID proving admissibility are accepted), but are required for those transiting a foreign country between the States and Guam.

The USCBP also conducts a pre-clearance of nonstop passengers bound for Honolulu. Because of the Guam & CNMI Visa Waiver Program, which gives tourists from certain Asian countries visa-free entry (to Guam and the CNMI but not the States), Honolulu-bound passengers are inspected for their admissibility to the U.S.

Transit passengers (except from Honolulu) are also inspected by the USCBP before being allowed to proceed to their connecting gate. However, since there is no need to clear Guam customs, no baggage claim is necessary.

Security

The TSA conducts security inspection for all departing passengers and all transit passengers not arriving from the States and the CNMI, which are already screened by TSA at their origins. However, Guam-Honolulu passengers who have onward connections must go through TSA inspection again in Honolulu because they will have come into contact with their checked baggages during U.S. customs inspection there.

Terminal design problem post 9/11


Semi-permanent barriers separating arrival and departure passengers.
Semi-permanent barriers separating arrival and departure passengers.

Since all flights require customs or immigration inspection, the airport's post-security concourse and gate area was not designed to separate arriving and departing passengers. The only normal passenger entrance is through security and the only normal exit is through immigration. Except for the few gates designated for Honolulu arrivals, which route passengers directly to customs, all other gates do not have a separate arrival corridor. Arrival passengers walk directly into the gates waiting area, and in the past could actually purchase food or merchandises before entering the immigration hall.

The original design is said to be compliant with security standards at the time of opening. However, after the September 11 attacks in 2001, the U.S. government began to require separation of uninspected arrival passengers. The airport initially used a system of chairs, moving sidewalks, retractable belts and security/police staffing to usher arriving passengers from the gate to the immigration hall without coming into physical contact with departing passengers. In recent years, semi-permanent movable walls separate much of the length of the terminal building into two halves, decreasing the need for human staffing and those lighter objects previously in use.

Old terminal building


Old terminal - Continental Micronesia headquarters
Old terminal - Continental Micronesia headquarters

After the current terminal building opened, he old terminal building became the Commuter Terminal (serving Freedom Air and Pacific Island Aviation). Now that those carriers moved to the main terminal, the old terminal serves as the corporate headquarters of Continental Micronesia.

Airlines and destinations

Airlines Destinations
China Airlines Taipei-Taoyuan
Continental Airlines operated by Continental Micronesia Cairns, Chuuk, Fukuoka, Hiroshima, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Koror, Kosrae, Kwajalein, Majuro, Manila, Nadi, Nagoya-Centrair, Niigata, Okayama, Pohnpei, Sapporo-Chitose, Sendai, Tokyo-Narita, Yap
Seasonal: Osaka-Kansai
Continental Connection operated by Cape Air Rota, Saipan
Delta Air Lines Nagoya-Centrair, Osaka-Kansai, Tokyo-Narita
Freedom Air Rota, Saipan
Japan Airlines operated by JALways Tokyo-Narita
Jin Air Seoul-Incheon
Korean Air Busan, Osaka-Kansai, Seoul-Incheon
Philippine Airlines Manila

Accidents

Several fatal accidents have occurred on and near Guam over the years. In total, 367 deaths occurred from 6 different aircraft accidents. The most recent accident occurred in 1997, when Korean Air Flight 801, a Boeing 747, crashed as it was attempting to land at the airport.

For a comprehensive list of all accidents relating to Guam, visit the Aviation Safety Network database by linking to it from the external links section below.

On June 10, 2009, Jetstar Airways Flight 20 flying from Kansai International Airport to Gold Coast Airport experienced a small fire in the cockpit apparently caused by a fault in the heating system. The fire was quickly extinguished by the pilots who subsequently diverted the plane to Guam. All 203 people on board were unharmed in the incident. Jetstar and the Australian Transport Safety Bureau are currently examining the full cause of the fire.

Military use

The airport was built by the Japanese Navy about 1943, calling the military airfield Guamu Dai Ni (Guam No. 2) as part of their defense of the Marianas. After the island was recaptured by American forces in 1944, it was renamed Agana Airfield, due to the proximity of the town. After being repaired in October 1944, the United States Army Air Force Seventh Air Force used the airfield as a base for the 11th Bombardment Group, which flew B-24 Liberator bombers from the station until being moved to Okinawa in July 1945. With the reassignment of the heavy bombers, the 41st Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron flew long-range reconnaissance aircraft (F-4 P-38 Lightnings) from the field until January 1946.

After the war, the USAAF used the airfield for fighter defense of the Marianas (21st Fighter Group), (549th Night Fighter Squadron) until early 1947 and as a transport hub (9th Troop Carrier Squadron). In 1947, the USAAF turned over the airfield to the United States Navy, which consolidated its facilities with those at the closing Harmon Air Force Base in 1949, and operated Naval Air Station, Agana until it was closed by the 1993 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission.



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General Info
Country Guam
ICAO ID PGUM
Time UTC+10
Latitude 13.483450
13° 29' 00.42" N
Longitude 144.795983
144° 47' 45.54" E
Elevation 298 feet
91 meters
Type Civil
Magnetic Variation 001° E (08/06)
Beacon Yes
Operating Agency U.S.CIVIL AIRPORT WHEREIN PERMIT COVERS USE BY TRANSIT MILITARY AIRCRAFT
Island Group Guam I
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry


Communications
AGANA TWR 118.1
340.2
RAMP 121.6
GND 121.9
336.4
CLNC DEL 121.9
ATIS 119.0
ASOS SEE REMARKS
GUAM CERAP 120.5
118.7
118.4
ADVSY SVC SEE REMARKS
APP/DEP 118.7
269.0
Communications Remarks  
AAS Byd 25 NM ctc GUAM CERAP 118.7
ASOS C671-472-7399
RMP All acft dep trml prk ctc for eng start and pushback.


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
06R/24L 10014 x 150 feet
3052 x 46 meters
ASPHALT - NO
06L/24R 10015 x 150 feet
3053 x 46 meters
PART CONCRETE, PART ASPHALT, OR PART BITUMEN-BOUND MACADAM. - YES


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
VORTAC UNZ NIMITZ 100X 115.3 4.1 NM 063.1
NDB AJA MT MACAJNA - 385 3.9 NM 062.2


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel Jet A1+, Jet A1 with icing inhibitor.
Other Fluids LHOX, Low and high pressure oxygen servicing

OXRB, Oxygen replacement bottles


Remarks
CAUTION Lgtd twr 780' 1.3 NM ENE of Rwy 24L thld. Rising terrain 75' fr Rwy 24L thld 140' E of centerline extn 8'. Simulated fld carrier ldg mrk offset apch end Rwy 06L.
FLUID LHOXRB
FUEL (NC-100LL, A1)
LGT PAPI Rwy 06L TCH 68', Rwy 24R TCH 76'.
MISC Rwy grooved. Tran acft provide 24 hr PN to Arpt Mgr C671-646-0300/1/2 Mon-Fri 2200-0700Z or fax C671-646-8823. Ldg fee.
RSTD Rwy 06R-24L clsd to 747 opr.
TFC PAT Dep VFR acft maint rwy hdg til past dep end rwy and reaching 1000'. Rgt tfc Rwy24L/R. Do not exceed 1500' in tfc pat.



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