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Jose Marti Intl Airport



José Martí International Airport
Aeropuerto Internacional José Martí
IATA: HAV – ICAO: MUHA

José Martí
International Airport
José Martí
International Airport (Cuba)
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator ECASA S.A.
Serves Havana
Location Boyeros Municipality
Hub for Cubana de Aviación
Aerocaribbean
Elevation AMSL 210 ft / 64 m
Coordinates 22°59′20″N 82°24′32″W / 22.98889°N 82.40889°W / 22.98889; -82.40889
Website www.airportcuba.com/jm
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
06/24 13,123 4,000 Asphalt

José Martí International Airport (IATA: HAV, ICAO: MUHA), previously called El Rancho Boyeros International Airport, is located 15 km (9 mi) southwest of Havana, Cuba, and is a hub for Cubana de Aviación, Aerogaviota and Aerocaribbean, and former Latin American hub for Aeroflot Soviet Airlines. The airport lies in the municipality of Boyeros. It is named in memory of patriot and poet José Martí.

Havana airport is operated by ECASA (Empresa Cubana de Aeropuertos y Servicios Aeronáuticos S.A.). It is Cuba's main international and domestic gateway, it serves several million passengers each year, 80% of Cuba's international passengers along with Varadero's Juan Gualberto Gómez Airport.

There are currently three terminals in use at the airport plus an additional terminal operated only by Aerocaribbean.

History

The construction of José Martí Airport was authorized in March 1929. On 24 February 1930, the airport officially opened, replacing Havana Columbia Airport. On 30 October 1930, Cubana de Aviación's (at the time CNCAC, S.A.) first ever flight Havana-Santiago de Cuba carried the mail using a Ford trimotor with stops in Santa Clara, Morón and Camaguey. In 1936 non-commercial flights to Madrid started with an Lockheed Sirius aircraft made out of wood lined with cloth, had a Pratt & Whitney Wasp 550 hp (410 kW) engine, a cruising speed of 180 mph and no radio. The aircraft named "4th of September" was commanded by Capt. Antonio Menéndez Pélaez and was flown previously between Camaguey, Cuba and Seville, Spain. By January 1943 the airport had its first control tower and was as well the first control tower in the country. The first commercial international flight out of the airport was flown by Cubana de Aviación's DC-3 Havana-Miami. By 1950 the airport had a second route to Europe, the flight known as "The route of the stars" Havana-Rome operated by a Cubana DC-4.

In 1961 the relations with the United States deteriorated substantially and with the United States embargo against Cuba, airlines from the United States were not permitted to operate regularly scheduled flights to the airport. In the 1990s special charter flights were approved by the US government to operate from Miami to José Martí for Cuban citizens living in the United States that have close relatives in Cuba. Today, various airlines operate non-stop service between Havana and Miami, including American Eagle Airlines, Gulfstream International Airlines, and several others.

Because of Cuba's relationship with the Soviet Union, the airport during the 1970s and 1980s enjoyed the presence of many Eastern Bloc airline companies, Aeroflot, Czech Airlines, Interflug, LOT. The airport has seen its share of tragedies, as many of the older Soviet built jets that Cubana and some of the other communist airlines (such as the Soviet Union's Aeroflot and the East German Interflug) used have crashed either going from or to this airport.

Terminal 2 opened on 15 November 1988 primarily for direct flights to the United States and charter flights. Ten years later on 27 April 1998, the new international terminal 3 was opened by Canada's Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and Cuban President Fidel Castro. The new terminal with three VIP lounges provides many modern facilities and jetways that the former international terminal 1 did not provide.

In 2002, the Air Freight Logistics Enterprise (ELCA S.A.) opened José Martí's first freight terminal, the freight terminal is a joint venture equally shared between the Cargosur company, part of the Iberia group, and Aerovaradero S.A. of Cuba, with an investment of over $2.5 million USD. The goal of this enterprise, the most modern of its kind in this geographical region, is to facilitate and reduce the cost of freight transportation between Europe and the Americas, in aircraft belonging to various companies. The terminal has a 600-Ton capacity, 2,000 cubic meters of space in two refrigeration and freezing chambers alone, with humidity and gas controls.

The airport is home to IBECA. As part of Cubana's renovation strategy, the airline has sought to upgrade its technical support capabilities, and in 2005 IBECA was created. IBECA is a joint venture company 50% owned by Cubana de Aviación and 50% by Iberia Airlines, it deals with the technical maintenance of Western-built aircraft, including all Airbus and Boeing models. It has contracted with various airlines flying to Cuba to provide maintenance and technical support. Annually, it gives technical coverage to more than 5,000 air operations, for more than 30 different airlines, primarity from Europe and the Americas.

Presently José Martí Airport is constructing a new automated center of air traffic control which will give its service to the whole region of the FIR assigned to Cuba. The total radarization of FIR was a prior necessary step, this will completely increase the reliability of the air traffic service that Cuba has in the whole region under its control, which is one the major air traffic volume of Latin America as most flights to/from the east coast United States to Central and South America fly over Cuba's air space, with an estimated over 450 controlled flights daily.

Accidents and incidents

  • "1977 Aeroflot Ilyushin 62 crash" on 27 May killed 68 of the 70 on-board and one person on the ground. At the time the accident was the deadliest aviation accident in Cuba's history. It remains the second deadliest in Cuba's history. One of the victims was José Carlos Schwarz, a poet and musician from Guinea-Bissau.
  • On 3 September 1989, a Cubana de Aviación Ilyushin 62M (CU-T1281) on a non-scheduled international passenger flight to Cologne (Cologne Bonn Airport), Germany crashed shortly after take-off. All of the 115 passengers and 11 crew members as well as 45 persons on the ground were killed and the aircraft was written off. One of the persons onboard was Roberto Volponi, son of the writer Paolo Volponi.
  • On 31 March 2003, a Blue Panorama Airlines Boeing 767 (EI-CXO) skidded off the main runway 6 in poor weather and gusting winds. No injuries occurred.
  • On 3 May 2007, two army recruits hijacked a plane destined for Miami at José Martí International Airport in Havana. The men killed a hostage before being arrested prior to takeoff. It was the first Cuban hijacking attempt reported since the spring of 2003.

Facilities

Terminals

Terminal 1 used to be the main international and domestic terminal building in the airport prior of the opening of terminal 2, and 3-which was constructed in 1998. The terminal is located on the west side of runway 6. It is now used primarily for domestic flights.

Terminal 2 handles mainly schedule charter flights to and from Miami and New York for US residents with special permission from the United States government and Cuban citizens with US visas, the scheduled charters are operated by Gulfstream Air Charters, ABC Charters, Marazul Charters and C & T Charters. The terminal is located on the north side, just in front of runway 24 threshold. It was constructed in the 1988 when the first charter flights after the revolution were opened from Miami. There are bars, bookshops, newsagents, and also a restaurant on the second floor, as well as car rentals in the arrivals area.

Terminal 3 is the main international terminal, it was open in 1998 by Canada's Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and Fidel Castro, and is the largest and most modern. Ticketing and departures are located on the upper level, arrivals and baggage carousels are located on the lower level. There are several car rentals located in the Arrivals Area, the companies represented include Cubanacar, Fenix, Rent a Car, Rex (limousines and luxury cars), Transtur, and Via Rent-a-Car. In terminal 3 all the bars and restaurants are open 24 hours. There are information desks in the Arrivals and Departure areas. A bank, post office and internet are also available in this terminal.

Terminal 5 is mainly used by Aerocaribbean, but Aerotaxi, which is a Cuban based charter airline, is also present. All flights from the United States will temporarily be handled at this terminal due to construction and remodeling at Terminal 2.

Transfer Between Terminals

There is a bus service between the terminals.

Parking

The airport has short-term car parks. Terminal 3 has 750 parking spaces and Terminal 1 & 2 has 500 parking spaces each. All car parks are situated less than 150 meters from the terminals.

Terminals, airlines and destinations


Domestic Terminal 1
Domestic Terminal 1

Aeroflot aircraft at Terminal 3
Aeroflot aircraft at Terminal 3
Air France aircraft at gate 11
T3 departure gates
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aero Caribbean Belize City, Guatemala City, Managua, Santiago de Cuba 5
Aero República Bogotá 3
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 3
Aerogaviota Baracoa, Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo del Sur, Cayo Santa María, Holguín, Mérida, Montego Bay, Nassau, Nueva Gerona, Santiago de Cuba, Trinidad, Varadero 1
Aeroméxico Cancun, Mexico City 3
Aeroméxico Connect Mérida 3
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson 3
Air Caraïbes Pointe-à-Pitre 3
Air Europa Madrid 3
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 3
American Airlines Miami 2
American Eagle Miami 2
Bahamasair Nassau 3
Blue Panorama Airlines Milan-Malpensa, Rome-Fiumicino 3
Cayman Airways Grand Cayman 3
Condor Frankfurt 3
Continental Connection operated by Gulfstream International Airlines Miami 2
Copa Airlines Panama City 3
Corsairfly Paris-Orly 3
Cubana de Aviación Baracoa, Bayamo, Camaguey, Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo del Sur, Ciego de Ávila, Cienfuegos, Guantánamo, Holguín, Manzanillo, Moa, Nueva Gerona, Santa Clara, Santiago de Cuba, Varadero, Victoria de las Tunas 1
Cubana de Aviación Bogotá, Buenos Aires-Ezeiza, Cancún, Caracas, Guatemala City, London-Gatwick, Madrid, Mexico City, Montréal-Trudeau, Nassau, Paris-Orly, San José de Costa Rica, Santo Domingo, Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal : Santiago de Chile
3
Cubana operated by Aero Caribbean Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo del Sur, Holguín 1
Iberia Madrid 3
LAN Airlines Santiago de Chile 3
Livingston Milan-Malpensa, Rome-Fiumicino 3
Martinair Amsterdam 3
Sky King Miami, New York-JFK 2
TAAG Angola Airlines Luanda, Sal 3
TACA Airlines Miami 2
TACA operated by Lacsa San José de Costa Rica 3
TACA Perú Lima 3
Virgin Atlantic Airways London-Gatwick 3
Vision Airlines Miami, New York-JFK 2
Note
  • ^ Note 1: All flights to the United States are operated as scheduled Special Authority Charters

Cargo airlines

Airlines Destinations
Aerocaribbean cargo
Cubana Cargo
DHL Express
Flair Airlines
IBC Airways
Líneas Aéreas Suramericanas


The above content comes from Wikipedia and is published under free licenses – click here to read more.


General Info
Country Cuba
ICAO ID MUHA
Time UTC-5(-4DT)
Latitude 22.989153
22° 59' 20.95" N
Longitude -82.409086
082° 24' 32.71" W
Elevation 210 feet
64 meters
Type Civil
Magnetic Variation 003° W (01/06)
Beacon Yes
Operating Agency CIVIL GOVERNMENT, (LANDING FEES AND DIPLOMATIC CLEARANCE MAY BE REQUIRED)
Near City Havana
Operating Hours 24 HOUR OPERATIONS
Daylight Saving Time Last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October


Communications
MARTI TWR 118.1
GND 121.9
CLNC DEL 121.9
ATIS
Opr 1100-0500Z++.
132.5
HABANA APP 119.35
BOYEROS RDO INTL 2887
5550
6577
8918
11396


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
06/24 13123 x 148 feet
4000 x 45 meters
ASPHALT 057FBXT YES


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
VOR-DME UHA HABANA 108X 116.1 1.2 NM 057.8


Supplies/Equipment
Fuel Jet A1, without icing nhibitor.

100/130 MIL Spec, low lead, aviation gasoline (BLUE)


Remarks
CAUTION Bird haz.
CSTMS/AG/IMG CSTMS and IMG avbl.
FUEL (NC-100LL, A1)
RSTD Acft less than 25 tons authorized 180 turns in turning area of Rwy 24. Acft any wt authorized 180 turns in turning area of Rwy 06.



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