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Beauvechain Airport



Beauvechain Air Base

IATA: none – ICAO: EBBE
BeauvechainAir Base is located in Belgium
Beauvechain
Air Base
Beauvechain
Air Base (Belgium)
Summary
Airport type Military
Operator Belgian Air Component
Location Beauvechain, Belgium
Elevation AMSL 341 ft / 104 m
Coordinates 50°45′31″N 4°46′6″E / 50.75861°N 4.76833°E / 50.75861; 4.76833
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
22L/04R 2,450 8,038 PEM
22R/04R 3,074 10,085 PEM

Beauvechain Air Base (ICAO: EBBE) is a Belgian Air Component military airfield in Belgium, located 2 miles (3.2 km) south of Beauvechain (Walloon Brabant Province); 20 miles (32 km) east-southeast of Brussels

It is home to the 1st Wing, operating SIAI Marchetti SF.260 trainer aircraft.

It is mostly used as a training center for pilots. Beauvechain also houses the Wing Meteo and the Air Force Band. It employs 1,100, being therefore the second employer of Walloon Brabant.

History

Beauvechain Air Base was a pre-World War II Belgian Air Force military airfield established in 1936 as "Le Culot Airfield". It was captured during the Battle of Belgium by the invading German Wehrmacht on 10 May 1940, destroying several Hawker Hurricane and Gloster Gladiator aircraft stationed at the airfield.

German use during World War II

During the occupation of Belgium by Nazi Germany, the facility became a major Luftwaffe air base during the Battle of France. During the battle, two Junkers Ju 88A units Kampfgeschwader 3 and Kampfgeschwader 30 (KG 3; KG 30) supported the offensive, especially the crucial breakthrough at Sedan. Other elements supported the drive to the Swiss border, encircling the French forces on the Maginot Line. When KG 30 moved into France, KG 3 remained at Le Culot, taking part in the Battle of Britain. At he beginning of the battle KG 3 had a total of 108 Ju 88 bombers, of which 88 were combat ready. KG 3 operated during all phases of the battle. In March 1941, it left for bases in Poland in preparation for Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union.

With KG 3 moved out, the Germans revamped Le Culot with two concrete runways, taxiways, concrete revetments, and a maintenance station including hangars, shops and barracks.

The airfield was placed back on operational status during December 1941 when Aufklärungsgruppe 22 (AKG 22), a Long-range reconnaissance unit arrived with Ju 88s. The unit operated primarily over the North Sea and North Atlantic spotting allied convoys and shipping. It was replaced in April 1942 by AKG 33, which remained until May when it moved to Bordeaux to operate over the Bay of Biscay and North Atlantic.

Le Culot did not host any operational units until Nover 1943, when Kampfgeschwader 6 (KG 6) arrived from Larissa, Greece with Ju 88s as part of Operation Steinbock, a late war German operation carried out by the Luftwaffe between January and May 1944 against targets in southern England, mainly in and around the London area during the night. KG 6 remained at the base until it moved to Prague. Operation Steinbock attacks from Le Culot continued with Ju 88s from Lehrgeschwader 1 (LG 1) and Kampfgeschwader 30 (KG 30) until the end of July 1944, the last large-scale aerial bombing operation against England. Afterwards only the V1 cruise missiles and V2 ballistic rockets were used for hitting the British Isles.

Le Culot Air Base was a frequent target of USAAF Ninth Air Force B-26 Marauder medium bombers. Also, the P-47 Thunderbolts of Ninth Air Force would be dispatched to perform fighter sweeps over the base after the Marauder raids, especially after the Fw 190s moved in. After the fighter sweep, the Thunderbolts would meet up with Eighth Air Force heavy bombers returning from Germany and provide fighter escort back to England. Le Culot was also attacked by Eighth Air Force B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers in early 1944, causing severe damage to both the airfield and station.

Allied use

After the German forces were removed from the Beauvechain area in early September 1944, Combat engineers of the United States Army Air Force IX Engineering Command 846th Engineer Aviation Regiment repaired the damaged airfield and applied numerous patches to the two concrete runways and taxiways of the field. The airfield was severely damaged from the Allied bombing attacks while in German hands, and it took nearly six weeks to make the airfield operationally ready for combat units. It was opened on 28 October, being designated as Advanced Landing Ground A-89 or "Le Culot Airfield".

Although operationally usable, Le Culot was a wrecked base from the numerous Allied air attacks and what was blown up by the Germans as they withdrew. The Americans made due with what could be repaired, and the 846th, along with 862d Engineer Aviation Regiment moving in what equipment was necessary to conduct combat operations.

The American Ninth Air Force used the base for several units from 22 October 1944 until closing the base in June 1946. Known units assigned were:

  • 373d Fighter Group, 22 October 1944-11 March 1945 (P-47)
  • 36th Fighter Group, 27 October 1944-26 March 1945 (P-47)
  • 322d Bombardment Group, March-June 1946 (B-26)

After combat ended in May 1945, Le Culot was used as a relief distribution base, with the Allies flying in food, clothing and other needs, and using the base to distribute these supplies in Belgium and other occupied areas in the region. The airfield was returned to Belgian control in December 1946.

Postwar/current

After being returned to Belgian control, the base was totally rebuilt, as the war had destroyed the base almost completely.

The wartime Belgian Spitfire flying squadrons created inside the RAF were relocated to Beauvechain, where they formed on 1 February 1948 as the 1st Fighters Wing, including four squadrons. Various units moved in and out of the base over the next 30 years.

The first F-16 arrived in Beauvechain in January 1979. The 1st Fighters Wing was disbanded on 4 March 1996 and its squadrons were relocated to Florennes Air Base and Kleine Brogel Air Base.

The 1st Wing was formed as a flight training unit with two squadrons relocated from Gossoncourt and Brustem.



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General Info
Country Belgium
ICAO ID EBBE
Time UTC+1(+2DT)
Latitude 50.758610
50° 45' 31.00" N
Longitude 4.768333
004° 46' 06.00" E
Elevation 370 feet
113 meters
Type Military
Magnetic Variation 000° W (05/06)
Operating Agency MILITARY
Operating Hours SEE REMARKS FOR OPERATING HOURS OR COMMUNICATIONS FOR POSSIBLE HOURS
International Clearance Status Airport of Entry
Daylight Saving Time Last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October


Communications
TWR 122.1
130.725
231.5
GND 122.1
130.375
278.925
GCA 123.3
234.875
378.525
APP 122.825
122.5
282.1


Runways
ID Dimensions Surface PCN ILS
04R/22L 8038 x 74 feet
2450 x 23 meters
PART CONCRETE, PART ASPHALT, OR PART BITUMEN-BOUND MACADAM. 024FBWT NO
04L/22R 10085 x 148 feet
3074 x 45 meters
PART CONCRETE, PART ASPHALT, OR PART BITUMEN-BOUND MACADAM. 093FCWT YES


Navaids
Type ID Name Channel Freq Distance From Field Bearing From Navaid
TACAN BBE BEAUVECHAIN 107X - At Field -
VOR-DME HUL HULDENBERG 122Y 117.55 4.9 NM 084.5


Supplies/Equipment
Oil O-148, MIL L 7808 (Synthetic Base), Turboprop/Turboshaft Engine

O-156, MIL L 23699 (Synthetic Base)Turboprop/Turboshaft Engine

SOAP Spectrometric Oil Analysis Program
Other Fluids SP, Single Point Refueling

PRESAIR, Air Compressors rated 3,000PSI or more

DE-ICE, Anti-icing/De-icing/Defrosting Fluid (MIL A 8243)

LHOX, Low and high pressure oxygen servicing

LOX, Liquid oxygen servicing

OX, Indicates oxygen servicing when type of servicing is unknown
JASU DSA 300
28v DC 35 amp 115/200v 30kva 400hz 3 phase 4 wire


Remarks
A-GEAR The net barriers on the Rwy 04L-22R are normally opr on manual mode, auto mode is avbl O/R.
CAUTION Due to rdo prob crossing into EBBE CTA/TCA on VHF exclusively should use EBBE APP freq 122.825. ILS unsvc due to glide critical area infringement.
FLUID SP PRESAIR LHOX LOX
FUEL 100LL, J8
JASU Avbl
LGT Rwy-04R apch lgt O/S. PAPI Rwy 04R, 04L, 22R - GS 2.75 . PAPI Rwy 22L - GS 3.2 .
OIL 0-148-156 SOAP
OPR HOURS Opr 0630-2200Z++ Mon, Tue (0630-1530 if no night flt); 0630-1530++ Wed, Thu, Fri; clsd Sat, Sun and hol.
RSTD PPR.



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The content above was published at Airports-Worldwide.com in 2010.
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