Derby is situated in the northern area of Australia's North West tourist
region. Derby faces north to the Timor Sea and is on the mud flats of
King Sound. Derby is the nearest town to the magnificent Buccaneer Archipelago.
Derby has a Tropical climate which is pleasant for most of the year.
With warm Winters and hot, humid Summers, the temperature is hardly ever
cold. The town is subject to cyclones between December and February, however
the warm, torrential rain is a great feature of the wet season. In Summer
(December to February), the average maximum temperature is 36°C with
an average minimum temperature of 25°C. In Winter (June to August),
the average maximum temperature is 32°C with an average minimum temperature
The coastline around Derby was first explored in 1688 and was followed
later by Phillip Parker King who, from 1818 to 1822 explored the region
and named King Sound, on which Derby is currently located. It wasn't until
1879 that any European settlement of the area occurred. Isolation and
harsh conditions had combined to ensure that only the most tenacious of
pastoralists and workers came to the area.
In 1883 a grid pattern was laid out for roads and Derby was born. A Jetty
was built in 1885 and the area began exporting wool products and the establishment
of cattle ranches followed. The town's name was bestowed in honour of
the British Secretary of state at the time.
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