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Nieuport 17

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nieuport_17

Nieuport 17
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Nieuport
First flight January 1916
Introduction March 1916
Primary user Aéronautique Militaire
Variants Nieuport 23

The Nieuport 17 was a French biplane fighter aircraft of World War I, manufactured by the Nieuport company.

Design and development

The type was a slightly larger development of the earlier Nieuport 11, and had a more powerful engine, larger wings, and a more refined structure in general. At first, it was equipped with a 110 hp (82 kW) Le Rhône 9J engine, though later versions were upgraded to a 130 hp (97 kW) engine. It had outstanding maneuverability, and an excellent rate of climb. Unfortunately, the narrow lower wing, marking it as a "sesquiplane" design with literally "one-and-a-half wings", was weak due to its single spar construction, and had a disconcerting tendency to disintegrate in flight.Initially, the Nieuport 17 retained the above wing mounted Lewis gun of the "11", but in French service this was soon replaced by a synchronised Vickers gun. In the Royal Flying Corps, the wing mounted Lewis was usually retained, by now on the improved Foster mounting, a curved metal rail which allowed the pilot to bring the gun down in order to change drums or clear jams. A few individual aircraft were fitted with both guns - but in practice this reduced performance unacceptably, and a single machine gun remained standard.

Operational history


27 December 1917: No.1 RAF Squadron with Nieuport 17s and Nieuport 24s at Bailleul. See
27 December 1917: No.1 RAF Squadron with Nieuport 17s and Nieuport 24s at Bailleul. See

The type reached the French front in March 1916, and quickly began to replace the Nieuport 11 in French service. It was also ordered by the Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service, as it was superior to any British fighter at that time. Worthy of note is the fact that during part of 1916, the Nieuport 17 equipped every fighter squadron of the Aéronautique Militaire. The Germans supplied captured examples to several of their aircraft manufacturers for them to copy. This resulted in the Siemens-Schuckert D.I which, apart from the engine installation, was a close copy and actually went into production, although in the event it was not used operationally on the Western Front.

By early 1917, the Nieuport was outclassed in most respects by the latest German fighters. Newer models (the Nieuport 24 and the 27) were brought out in an attempt to retain the type's ascendency. However, the SPAD S.VII had already replaced the Nieuport fighters in many French squadrons by mid-1917. The British persisted with Nieuports a little longer, not replacing their last Nieuport 24bis until early 1918.


A Nieuport 17 in flight at a display in 2007. Insignia is of the Lafayette Escadrille.
A Nieuport 17 in flight at a display in 2007. Insignia is of the Lafayette Escadrille.

Many Allied air aces flew Nieuport fighters, including Canadian ace W.A. Bishop, who received a Victoria Cross while flying it, and most famously of all, Albert Ball.

Like the other Nieuport types, the 17 was used as an advanced trainer for prospective fighter pilots after its operational days were over.

Variants

Nieuport 17
Single-seat fighter biplane.
Nieuport 17bis
Improved version of the Nieuport 17.

Operators

 Belgium
 Chile
 Colombia
 Czechoslovakia
(Post-war)
 Estonia
 Finland
 France
 Hungary
 Italy
 Netherlands
 Poland
 Romania
 Russian Empire
Siam (Thailand)
 Soviet Union
Ukraine
 United Kingdom
 United States

Specifications (Nie 17)

General characteristics

  • Crew: one, pilot
  • Length: 5.8 m (19 ft)
  • Wingspan: 8.2 m (26 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 2.4 m (7 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 14.75 m² (158.77 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 375 kg (827 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 560 kg (1,235 lb)
  • Powerplant:Le Rhône 9J 9-cylinder rotary engine, 82 kW (110 hp)

Performance

Armament

(A few individual aircraft had both guns)

See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Related lists

Bibliography

External links




Text from Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply.


Published - July 2009














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