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Nieuport 12

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nieuport_12

Nieuport 12
Role Fighter/Reconaissance
Manufacturer Nieuport
Designed by Gustave Delage
Primary users France
Russian Empire

United Kingdom

Developed from Nieuport 10

The Nieuport 12 was a French biplane fighter aircraft used by both Great Britain and France during World War I.

Design and development

To improve the performance of the Nieuport 10 a larger and re-engined version was developed as the Nieuport 12. A Lewis gun was fitted to the rear cockpit for use of the observer and the pilot sometimes had a Lewis gun fixed to the upper wing firing over the propeller. Late examples of the type, used by the Royal Flying Corps were sometimes fitted with a Nieuport or Scarff ring mounting for the observer's gun, and a synchronized Vickers gun for the pilot.

It could be fitted with either a 100 hp (82 kW) or 130 hp (97 kW) Clerget engine mounted in the nose.

Variants

Nieuport 12
Two-seat fighter-reconaissance biplane.
Nieuport 80E.2, 80D.2 and 83E.2
Nieuport 12s were later converted into training aircraft, they were fitted with extra struts and four-wheel landing gear.

Operators

 Chile
One aircraft only.
 France
 Poland
 Russian Empire
 Thailand (Siam)
One aircraft only.
 United Kingdom

Specifications (110 hp Clerget engine)

Data from The Complete Book of Fighters

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 (pilot, observer)
  • Length: 7.00 m (22 ft 11½ in)
  • Wingspan: 9.00 m (29 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 22.0 m² (237 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 550 kg (1,213 lb)
  • Gross weight: 850 kg (1,874 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Clerget, 82 kW (110 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 146 km/h (91 mph)
  • Endurance: 3hours
  • Service ceiling: 3,960 m (13,000 ft)

Armament

  • 1 × machine gun in rear cockpit (Occasionally one machine gun braced to upper wing)

See also

Related development

Related lists

Bibliography




Text from Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply.


Published - July 2009














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