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Morane-Saulnier H

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pfalz_E.I

Type H
Morane Saulnier Type H on display at the Musee de l'Air et de l'Espace at Paris Le Bourget airport
Role Sport aircraft
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
First flight 1913

The Morane-Saulnier H was a sport aircraft produced in France in the years before the First World War, a single-seat derivative of the successful Morane-Saulnier G with a slightly reduced wingspan Like the Type G, it was a successful sporting type in its day.

During the second international aero meet, held at Wiener Neustadt in June 1913, Roland Garros won the precision landing prize in a Type H.

The French Army ordered a batch of 26 aircraft, and the British Royal Flying Corps also acquired a small number, these latter machines purchased from Grahame-White, who was manufacturing the type in the UK under licence. The French machines saw limited service in the opening stages of World War I, with pilots engaging in aerial combat using revolvers and carbines.

The type was also produced under licence in Germany by Pfalz Flugzeugwerke, who built it as the E.I, E.II, E.IV, E.V, and E.VI, with increasingly powerful engines. These were armed with a single, synchronised LMG 08/15 machine gun.

A Type H is preserved at the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace in Le Bourget.

Variants

Pfalz-built versions

  • E.I - with Oberursel U.0 rotary engine (60 built)
  • E.II - with Oberursel U.I rotary engine
  • E.IV - with Oberursel U.III rotary engine (ca. 24 built)
  • E.V - with Mercedes D.I water-cooled, inline engine
  • E.VI - with Oberursel U.I engine, lengthened fuselage, enlarged tail fin and additional bracing (20 built)

Operators

 France
 Austria-Hungary
 Germany
 Portugal
One aircraft only.
 United Kingdom

Specifications

Data from flugzeuginfo.net

General characteristics

  • Crew: One pilot
  • Length: 5.84 m (19 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.12 m (29 ft 11 in)
  • Height: 2.26 m (7 ft 5 in)
  • Empty weight: 188 kg (415 lb)
  • Gross weight: 444 kg (979 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Le Rhône 9C, 60 kW (80 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 120 km/h (75 mph)
  • Range: 177 km (111 miles)




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Published - July 2009














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