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The Dassault Falcon 20 is a French business jet and was the first of a family of business jets built by Dassault Aviation.
Design and development
Marcel Dassault gave the go-ahead for production of an eight or ten seat executive jet or military liaison aircraft the Dassault-Breguet Mystère 20 in December 1961. The Mystère 20 was a low-wing monoplane with two rear-mounted Pratt & Whitney JT12A-8 engines. The prototype, registered F-WLKB, first flew on the 4 May 1963 at Bordeaux-Merignac. Under the influence of Pan American the aircraft was re-engined with two General Electric CF700 engines and some dimensions were increased. Pan American signed a contract to distribute the Mystère 20 in the western hemisphere and ordered 40 aircraft with options on 120. The re-engined aircraft first flew on 10 July 1964. The first production aircraft flew on 1 January 1965 and both French and American certification was awarded in June 1965. Deliveries began to the Pan American outfitting facility at Burbank Airport, California. In 1966 the company re-designated the American-delivered aircraft as the Fan Jet Falcon, this later became the Falcon 20. Military orders from Australia and Canada were received. All non-American aircraft were fitted out before delivery at Bordeaux-Merignac. In 1967 Pan American Business Jets Division increased their firm orders to 160 aircraft.
Falcon 20DC freighter of Bancjet Systems at Burbank airport near Los Angeles in September 1986. Note deleted cabin windows|
The improved Falcon 200 featured more advanced jet engines and other major improvements to increase range, capacity and comfort. The aircraft proved to be so popular that production did not end until 1988, being superseded by more advanced developments of the Falcon family. The United States Coast Guard operates a model called the HU-25 Guardian which is used as a high-speed spotter aircraft to locate shipwreck survivors and direct slower-moving aircraft and rescue vessels, and interdict aerial and shipborne drug trafficking.
Later developments of the Falcon 20 include the smaller Falcon 10, the larger 30-seat Falcon 30 (not developed) and Falcon 50, an improved three-engined development.
- Mystère/Falcon 20
- Prototype, one built.
- Mystère/Falcon 20C
- Initial production version. known originally as the Standard Falcon 20 both examples converted to D model.
- Falcon 20CC
- One aircraft similar to the Falcon 20C, equipped with low-pressure tyres.
- Mystère/Falcon 20D
- Higher thrust engines (GE CF-700-2D) and lower fuel consumption and more fuel capacity.
- Mystère/Falcon 20E
- Higher thrust engines (GE CF-700-2D-2), higher zero fuel weight.
- Mystère/Falcon 20F
- Full leading edge slats and more fuel capacity.
- Falcon 20FH
- This was the original designation of the Falcon 200 prototype.
- Falcon 20G
- Maritime patrol and surveillance version, equipped with two Garrett Turbine Engine Company ATF3-6-2C turbofan engines.
- Falcon 20H
- This was the original designation of the Falcon 200.
- Falcon 200
- Improved variant, powered by two 2360-kg (5,200-lb) Garrett ATF3-6A-4C turbofan engines.
- Falcon ST
- This designation was given to two Falcon 20s used by the French Air Force as systems training aircraft. The aircraft were equipped with the combat radar and navigation systems of the Mirage IIIE.
- HU-25A Guardian
- United States Coast Guard version of the Falcon 20G.
- HU-25B Guardian
- Pollution control version for the US Coast Guard equipped with side-looking airborne radar (SLAR)
- HU-25C Guardian
- Drug interdiction version for the US Coast Guard, equipped with a Westinghouse APG-66 search radar and WF-360 infrared turret.
- Guardian 2
- Maritime patrol and surveillance version of the Falcon 200. Never put into production.
- Canadian military designation of Falcon 20C from 1970.
- Fan Jet Falcon
- The Falcon 20 was marketed in North America under this name.
- Falcon Cargo Jet
- Conversion of Falcon 20 to light cargo aircraft. Large numbers purchased by Federal Express for overnight courier service.
- Falcon 20-C5, -D5, -E5, -F5
- Falcon 20 aircraft equipped with Garrett TFE-731-5AR-2C or TFE-731-5BR-2C engines. Also includes adaptation of bleed air, anti-ice, hydraulic, fuel, electrical and engine control systems and installation of ATTCS (automatic takeoff thrust control system).
Dassault Falcon 20|
A USCG HU-25 Guardian|
- Central African Republic
- Côte d'Ivoire
- United States
Specifications (Falcon 20F)
Data from Janes's All The World's Aircraft 1980-81
- Crew: 2
- Capacity: 8-14 passengers
- Length: 17.15 m (56 ft 3 in)
- Wingspan: 16.30 m (53 ft 6 in)
- Height: 5.32 m (9 ft 4 in)
- Wing area: 41.0 m² (440 ft²)
- Empty weight: 7,530 kg (16,600 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 13,000 kg (28,660 lb)
- Powerplant: 2× General Electric CF700-2D-2 turbofan, 20 kN (4,500 lbf) each
- Maximum speed: 862 km/h (465 knots, 536 mph) (max cruise) at 7,620 m (20,000 ft)
- Cruise speed: 750 km/h (405 knots, 466 mph) (econ cruise) at 12,200m (40,000 ft)
- Stall speed: 152 km/h (82 knots, 95 mph)
- Range: 3,350 km (1,808 naut mi, 2,080 mi)
- Service ceiling: 12,800 m (42,000 ft) (absolute)
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Published - July 2009