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Cessna 414

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cessna_414

Cessna 414
Role Six/eight-seat light transport
National origin United States
Manufacturer Cessna
First flight 1968
Produced 1968-1985
Number built 1070

The Cessna 414 is an American light, pressurized, twin-engine transport aircraft built by Cessna. It first flew in 1968 and an improved variant was introduced from 1978 as the 414A Chancellor.

Design and development

The pressurised 414 was developed to appeal to owners of un-pressurised twin-engined aircraft and was based on the fuselage of the Cessna 421 and used the wing design of the Cessna 401. The 414 was a low-wing cantilever monoplane with a conventional tail unit and a retractable tricycyle landing gear. It was powered by two wing mounted 310hp (231kW) Continental TSIO-520-J flat-six piston engines. The prototype, registered N7170C, first flew on the 1 November 1968 and production aircraft were available in a number of optional seating arrangements and avionic packages. The name Chancellor was used for models marketed from 1976. An improved variant the Cessna 414A Chancellor was introduced in 1978 with the major change being a re-designed and increased-span wing with integral fuel tanks and an extended nose to give more baggage space.

Modifications

Many supplemental type certificates exist for the aircraft that allow upgrades to improve performance. Common are engine and aerodynamic modifications, including winglets.

In 1974, American Jet Industries built a turboprop-powered conversion of the Cessna 414, named the Turbo Star Pressurized 414, using Allison 250-B17B engines. Scenic Airlines of Las Vegas purchased the rights to the design in 1977.

Thielert has offered engine conversions using their Centurion Engine. This involves the installation of FADEC-controlled aviation diesel piston engines that run on commonly available jet fuel. Thielert claims increased power and improved fuel economy over other available conventional piston engines.

Variants

414
Initial production variant, 516 built
414A Chancellor
Improved 414 with narrower vertical tail, longer span bonded wet wing without tip tanks, a lengthened nose, re-designed landing gear and powered by two 310hp (231kW) TSIO-520-N engines, 554 built.

Military operators

Incidents

American gospel singer Keith Green and 11 other people were killed on July 28 1982 in a Cessna 414 shortly after takeoff at Garden Valley Airport. The NTSB report indicates that the probable cause of the crash was a combination of the aircraft being overloaded (Occupants were 4 adults and 8 children, while the aircraft has only seven seats) and pilot inexperience.

Specifications (414A Chancellor)

Data from

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1 or 2
  • Capacity: up to 8 passengers, depending on configuration
  • Length: 36 ft 4½ in (11.09 m)
  • Wingspan: 44 ft 1½ in (13.45 m)
  • Height: 11 ft 5½ in (3.49 m)
  • Wing area: 225.80 ft² (20.98 m²)
  • Empty weight: 4365 lb (1976 kg)
  • Gross weight: 6750 lb (2062 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Continental TSIO-520-NB flat-six turbocharged piston, 310 hp (231 kW) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 271 mph (436 km/h)
  • Range: 1528 miles (2459 km)
  • Service ceiling: 30,800 ft (9390 m)

See also

Bibliography

  • Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1977–78. London: Jane's Yearbooks. 
  • Simpson, R.W.. Airlife's General Aviation. England: Airlife Publishing. p. 190. ISBN 1 85310 104 X. 
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. 
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 

External links




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Published - July 2009














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