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Cessna 182

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cessna_182

Model 182 Skylane
Role Light utility aircraft
Manufacturer Cessna Aircraft Company
Introduced 1956
Number built over 23,237[1]
Unit cost 182T Skylane USD$367,000 (2008)[2]

T182T Turbo SkylaneUSD$398,500 (2008)[3]


Cessna 182A
Cessna 182A

Cessna 182J
Cessna 182J

1967 model Cessna 182K belonging to the Canadian Owners and Pilots Association
1967 model Cessna 182K belonging to the Canadian Owners and Pilots Association

A Cessna 182P
A Cessna 182P

Reims Cessna F182Q
Reims Cessna F182Q

Cessna 182Q fitted with the SMA SR305-230 engine
Cessna 182Q fitted with the SMA SR305-230 engine

T182T at Centennial Airport
T182T at Centennial Airport

T182T cockpit with Garmin G1000
T182T cockpit with Garmin G1000

A Civil Air Patrol Cessna 182 with U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds Number 8 at March Air Reserve Base March 2000
A Civil Air Patrol Cessna 182 with U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds Number 8 at March Air Reserve Base March 2000

The Cessna 182, marketed under the name Skylane, is a four-seat, single-engine, light airplane. It has the option of adding two child seats, installed in the baggage area.

Introduced in 1956, the 182 has been produced in a number of variants, including a version with retractable landing gear, and is the second most popular Cessna model, after the 172.

Development

The Cessna 182 was introduced in 1956 as a tricycle gear variant of the 180. In 1957, the 182A variant was introduced along with the name Skylane. Later models have added more powerful engines and bigger windows.

Cessna cites the 1990s resumption in producing general aviation aircraft such as this model due to change in U.S. liability laws. In 2005, Cessna began offering the Garmin G1000 glass cockpit as an optional upgrade to the Skylane. Subsequently the glass cockpit became standard equipment.

Design

The Cessna 182 is an all-metal (mostly aluminum alloy) aircraft, although some parts – such as engine cowling nosebowl and wingtips – are made of fiberglass or thermoplastic material. Its wing has the same planform as the smaller Cessna 172 and the larger 205/206 series; however, some wing details such as flap and aileron design are the same as the 172 and are not like the 205/206 components.

Retractable Gear

The retractable gear R182 and TR182 were offered from 1978 to 1986, without and with engine turbocharging respectively. The nomenclature is confusing, as smaller Cessna singles with optional retractable gear are called "Number"RG (eg 172RG, 177RG), and one sometimes reads or hears of "182RG" in error. However, Cessna called the R182 the "Skylane RG". The R182 and TR182 offer 10-15% improvement in climb and cruise speeds over their fixed gear counterparts (or, alternatively, 10-15% better gas mileage at the same speeds) at the cost of increased maintenance costs and decreased gear robustness. The 1978 R182, for example, has a sea level climb rate of 1140 fpm and cruising speed (75% BHP) at 7,500 feet (2,300 m) of 156 KTAS at standard temperature.

The landing gear retraction system in the Skylane RG uses hydraulic actuators powered by an electrically-driven pump. The system includes a gear position warning that emits an intermittent tone through the cabin speaker when the gear is in the retracted position and either the throttle is reduced below approximately 12" MAP or the flaps are extended beyond 25 degrees. In the event of a hydraulic pump failure, the landing gear may be lowered using a hand pump to pressurize the hydraulic system. There is no alternative procedure for retracting the landing gear.

Engines

  • 182 to 182Q - One 230 hp (170 kW) Continental O-470 horizontally opposed six-cylinder engine driving a two blade constant speed propeller.
  • R182 - One 235 hp (175 kW) Lycoming O-540-J3C5D normally-aspirated, direct-drive, air-cooled, horizontally-opposed, carburetor equiped, six-cylinder engine with 541.5 cu. in. displacement
  • TR182 - One 235 hp (175 kW) Lycoming O-540-L3C5D horizontally opposed turbonormalized six cylinder engine.
  • 182S - One 230 hp (170 kW) Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5.
  • SMA retrofit - One 230 hp (170 kW) SMA SR305-230.

Variants

  • 182 - 1956 - debut
  • 182A - 1957 - higher performance model introduced, Skylane name first used
  • 182B - 1959 - cowl flaps added
  • 182C - added swept tail & third side cabin window
  • 182E - cut down rear fuselage & "omni-vision" wraparound rear window
  • R182 - 1977 - retractable gear variant introduced
  • 182G - elliptical rear side windows
  • 182P - tubular steel undercarriage
  • 182M - 1967 - experimental model with a full cantilever wing
  • 182Q - 1973 - enlarge fin fillet
  • T182 - turbocharged variant
  • 182R - 1982
  • 182S - 1996 - resumed production
  • 182T - 2001 - current normally aspirated model
  • T182T - 2001 - current turbocharged model

Aircraft Type Clubs

The Cessna 182 is supported by a number of active aircraft type clubs, including The Cessna Pilots Association and The Cessna 172/182 Club.

Operators

Civil users

The 182 is used, along with 172 aircraft, by the Civil Air Patrol as a platform for the Satellite Digital Imaging System and for search and rescue operations.

Cessna 182s were also built in Argentina by DINFIA (called A182), and by Reims Aviation, France, as the F-182.

Military operators

 Argentina
 Belize
 Canada
  • Five L-182 (Canadian Army) retired 1970
 Guatemala
 Lesotho
 Mexico
 Peru
 Suriname
 Uruguay
 Venezuela

Specifications (Cessna 182T)

Data from {Cessna Skylane 182T Specifications}

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 3 passengers
  • Length: 29 ft 0 in (8.8 m)
  • Wingspan: 36 ft 0 in (11.0 m)
  • Height: 9 ft 4 in (2.8 m)
  • Wing area: 174 sq ft (16.2 m²)
  • Airfoil: NACA 2412
  • Empty weight: 1,970 lb (894 kg)
  • Loaded weight: 3,110 lb (1,411 kg)
  • Useful load: 1,140 lb (517 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 3,100 lb (1406 kg)
  • Powerplant:Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5 3-Bladed Constant Speed, 230 hp (172 kW)

Performance

See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

Related lists

External links




Text from Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply.


Published - July 2009














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