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Cessna 162

By Wikipedia,
the free encyclopedia,

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cessna_162

Model 162 Skycatcher
N158CS, the proof-of-concept, on display at the EAA AirVenture Oshkosh 2006.
Role Personal use and flight training aircraft
Manufacturer Cessna
First flight 13 October 2006 (concept aircraft)
8 March 2008 (conforming prototype)[1]
Unit cost US$111,500[1]

The Cessna 162 Skycatcher (or SkyCatcher) is a two-seat light-sport aircraft (LSA). The latest aircraft in the Cessna general aviation product line, its intended market is flight training and personal use.

Development

Cessna had announced its intentions to study the feasibility of developing and producing an LSA on 6 June 2006. The concept design was unveiled on 24 July 2006 at EAA AirVenture Oshkosh as the Cessna LSA (also referred to as the Cessna Sport), via a marketing study of the feasibility of producing an aircraft compliant with the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration's new Light-Sport Aircraft category.

On 13 October 2006, nine months after launching the program, the concept prototype aircraft, registered N158CS, first flew, departing McConnell Air Force Base for Wichita's Mid-Continent Airport and reaching a speed of 110 knots (200 km/h). Cessna formally launched the Skycatcher program 10 July 2007, following with a press event on 22 July 2007 at EAA AirVenture Oshkoshthat unveiled a full-scale mockup and details about the planned production version. Cessna President Jack Pelton made the announcement:

After conducting extensive market research, it is clear to us there is a great need for this aircraft as we strive to drive down the cost of flying and learning to fly. We believe this aircraft will make a major contribution to stimulating new pilot starts and will encourage already-licensed pilots to continue to fly because it will be more affordable. We have developed a business case that makes sense; we have incorporated several innovative features into the design; and we believe we can deliver the finest aircraft in the category, combined with our extensive customer service, flight training and distribution networks, at an attractive price.

The conforming prototype had its first flight on 8 March 2008 and the first production aircraft flew on 5 May 2008.

In January 2009 Cessna CEO Jack Pelton indicated that testing of the 162 was almost complete and that the aircraft had been assessed beyond the Light Sport Aircraft ASTM requirements, including ground vibration testing and that a full airframe fatigue test program would be carried out on a production aircraft. He stated that deliveries would commence later in 2009.

Pricing and production targets

Cessna President and CEO Jack Pelton had originally indicated that Cessna was aiming for a price of under US$100,000 for the aircraft, which Pelton indicated would be a challenge to achieve. At that price point Pelton predicted that Cessna would be able to sell 600 of the aircraft per year.

The 22 July 2007 announcement indicated that these price goals were not met. The first 1000 aircraft ordered were sold for US$109,500. The price has since been increased to US$111,500.

Orders

On 9 August 2007 Cessna Aircraft announced that they had orders for 720 Skycatchers totalling US$75M. By 24 November 2007 Cessna had 850 firm orders and by the end of 2008 the company had confirmed over 1000 orders.

Chinese production controversy

On 27 November 2007 Cessna announced that the Cessna 162 would be made in the People's Republic of China by Shenyang Aircraft Corporation, which is a subsidiary of China Aviation Industry Corporation I (AVIC I), a Chinese government-owned consortium of aircraft manufacturers. By manufacturing the aircraft in China, Cessna reported that it saved US$71,000 in production costs per aircraft produced. A second reason cited for moving production to Shenyang Aircraft Corporation was that Cessna at that time had no plant capacity available in the USA.

The decision to produce the aircraft in China has been controversial and Cessna has received a high degree of negative feedback from Cessna 162 customers and potential customers.

The first aircraft assembled by Shenyang Aircraft in China, is expected to be completed between April and June 2009, with first deliveries to customers expected near the end of 2009.

First prototype crash

A non-conforming prototype Cessna 162 crashed on 18 September 2008, in a treeline near Douglass, Kansas, approximately 20 miles (32 km) southeast of Wichita, Kansas. The test pilot parachuted to safety and suffered only minor injuries. The prototype had flown about 150 hours prior to the accident.

The National Transportation Safety Board stated on 18 September 2008 that the Cessna 162 was registered in the experimental category and was conducting a test flight when the accident occurred. The test sequence involved a series of stalls starting at 10,000 feet (3,000 m). The aircraft entered an unintentional flat spin and was not under control at 5,000 feet (1,500 m), at which point the test pilot bailed out of the aircraft. Cessna confirmed that the 162 entered a spin from cross-controlled, power-on stall, that the spin became flat and recovery was not possible. The company indicated that the testing was outside that required for LSA certification and that the accident will result in only small design changes. The aircraft was equipped with a Ballistic Recovery Systems parachute, but it failed to deploy when activated.

As of March 24, 2009, the NTSB database incorrectly files the date of this accident as August 18, 2008.

2008 redesign

Despite earlier claims that the design would undergo only small changes as a result of the crash of the prototype, in late 2008 the 162 received a redesigned vertical stabilizer. The new fin is of greater area and less sweep than the original. Cessna stated wind-tunnel testing of the new configuration showed that it now had no unrecoverable spin characteristics. The redesigned tail was first flown on N162CE, the first production-conforming aircraft on 15 December 2008.

Another focus of design changes has been weight savings, as a result the 162's seats have been redesigned and the seat material changed from composite to aluminum. With the new larger fin the dorsal fin was unneeded and was deleted from the design to save weight.

Second prototype crash

N162CE was involved in an accident during a test flight on 19 March 2009 near Wichita, Kansas. During aggressive spin testing, with power on and in a cross-controlled condition, the aircraft entered a "rapid and disorienting spin" and the test pilot was unable to recover control of the aircraft. The test pilot successfully deployed the aircraft's ballistic recovery parachute, which stopped the spin, but, despite being designed to be jettisonable, could not be released from the aircraft. Since the aircraft was too low for a bail-out, the pilot remained with the aircraft, which crash-landed sustaining damage to the gear, but leaving the pilot uninjured. The pilot exited the aircraft and attempted to remove the parachute, which remained attached to the aircraft. Wind then dragged the aircraft 0.6 miles into a fence, leaving it inverted and heavily damaged. The accident left Cessna with no flying SkyCatcher aircraft in the testing program.

Following the crash of the second prototype, a company spokesman stated that the all details about the program's future are under review by the company. On 25 March 2009 Cessna CEO Jack Pelton confirmed that the 162 program would continue, saying: "The need for a modern, cost-effective two-seat trainer aircraft has never been greater, and we believe we are well positioned to meet that need. The SkyCatcher program is an important part of our strategy."

Design

Construction

The Cessna 162's structure is mostly aluminum with a fiberglass cowling. Cessna LSA Project head Neal Willford indicated in August 2006 that Cessna was investigating the use of "match hole drilling" to reduce costs and simplify construction of the design. This technique is widely used in the kit-plane industry and in construction of larger aircraft, but would be Cessna's first use in its single-engine line.

At a January 2007 LSA event, Cessna hinted that the aircraft's wing might be lowered and the cabin/wing interface smoothed from the prototype gull wing fairing configuration. This re-design work was eventually carried out and the second aircraft differs from the initial prototype in these features. As of January 2007 the prototype had over 50 hours of flight test time, including several long cross country flights.

The high-wing monoplane has fixed tricycle landing gear, with a castering nosewheel. The wingspan is 30 feet (9.14 m) and internal cabin width is 44 inches (1.12 m) at shoulder height. The doors are different from previous two-seat Cessna models in that they open by swinging upward. The controls are unusual for a Cessna in that they have a single hand panel mounted yoke instead of the usual two hand panel mounted yoke.

Engine

The Cessna 162 is powered by an air-cooled, carbureted Continental O-200D engine, producing 100 hp (75 kW) at 2,800 rpm. It directly drives a two-blade, fixed pitch composite propeller.

The initial proof-of-concept aircraft flew with a Rotax 912 air-and-liquid-cooled engine, a common LSA powerplant.

Avionics

The Cessna 162 Skycatcher will be delivered with a Garmin G300 EFIS installed, as well as a Garmin SL40 communications radio, a GTX327 transponder, and a 121.5 MHz ELT. Flight data will be presented on the G300 in a single, split-screen combination primary flight display and multi-function display. Information can also be shown on two full-screen displays with installation of a second screen, which will be a purchase option. An autopilot and an audio panel are also available as options.

Parachute system

On 9 October 2007 Cessna announced that a Ballistic Recovery Systems airframe ballistic parachute system will be a factory-installed option on the Cessna 162.

Flight Rules

The Cessna 162 will be equipped for Visual Flight Rules, day and night flying only.

Performance

The Skycatcher is capable of cruise at speeds as high as 118 knots (136 mph/219 km/h), with a maximum range of 470 nautical miles (870 km) at a gross weight of 1,320 lb (599 kg).

Weights

The Cessna 162 has a maximum gross weight of 1320 lbs (599 kg) and a standard empty weight of 830 lbs (376 kg). With a full fuel load of 144 lbs (65 kg) the payload remaining for crew and baggage is 346 lbs (157 kg).

Aircraft type club

Even though no Cessna 162s have been delivered, an aircraft type club has already been established for the design, the Cessna 162 SkyCatcher Club.

Specifications

Data from Flying Magazine and Cessna.com

General characteristics

  • Crew: one pilot
  • Capacity: one passenger
  • Length: 22.8 ft (6.95 m)
  • Wingspan: 30.0 ft (9.14 m)
  • Height: 8.53 ft (2.53 m)
  • Wing area: 120 ft² (11.14 m²)
  • Empty weight: 830 lb (376.5 kg)
  • Useful load: 490 lb (222.3 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,320 lb (598.7 kg)
  • Powerplant:Continental O-200D flat-four engine, 100 hp (74.6 kW)

Performance

See also

Related development

Comparable aircraft

External links




Text from Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply.


Published - July 2009














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