British Aerospace BAe 125
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The British Aerospace BAe 125 is a twin-engined mid-size corporate jet, with newer variants now marketed as the Hawker 800. It was known as the Hawker Siddeley HS.125 until 1977. It is also used by the British Royal Air Force as a navigation trainer (as the Hawker Siddeley Dominie T1), and was used by the United States Air Force as a calibration aircraft (as the C-29).
In 1961, de Havilland began working on a revolutionary small business jet known as DH.125 Jet Dragon. The first of two prototypes flew on 13 August 1962 powered by the Bristol Siddeley Viper turbojet
The aircraft went through many designation changes during its service life. Originally DH.125, it was renamed the HS.125 after de Havilland became a division of Hawker Siddeley in 1963. When Hawker Siddeley Aircraft merged with the British Aircraft Corporation to form British Aerospace in 1977, the name changed to BAe 125. Then, when British Aerospace sold its Business Jets Division to Raytheon in 1993, the jet acquired the name Raytheon Hawker. The fuselage, wings and tail-fin are to this day fully assembled and partially equipped (primary and secondary flight controls) in Airbus UK's Broughton plant, on the outskirts of Chester, sub-assemblies are produced in Airbus UK's Buckley (Bwcle in Welsh) site. All these assembled components are then shipped to Wichita, Kansas in the United States, to where final assembly was transferred in 1996.
Over 1,000 aircraft have been built.
Raytheon Hawker 800|
- DH.125 Series 1 - first production version, 8 built
- DH.125 Series 1A/1B - upgraded Bristol Siddeley Viper 521 (Series 1A) or 522 (Series 1B) engines with 3,090 lbf (13.8 kN) of thrust each
- HS.125 Series 2 - navigation trainer for Royal Air Force, known in service as the Dominie T.Mk.1 - (Rolls Royce Viper 301)
- HS.125 Series 3 - upgraded engines
- HS.125 Series 400 - upgraded engines
- HS.125 Series 600 - 3 ft 1 in (0.94 m) fuselage stretch to increase capacity to 14 passengers
- HS.125 Series 700 - Honeywell TFE731-3RH turbofan engines with 3,720 lbf (16.6 kN) of thrust each, first flight 19 June 1976
- HS.125 Protector - Series 700-based maritime patrol aircraft with a search radar and cameras
- BAe 125 Series 800 - increased wingspan, streamlined nose, tail fin extension, increased fuel capacity, first corporate jet to feature an EFIS cockpit, upgraded engines, first flight 26 May 1983
- Hawker 800 - BAe 125-800 after 1993
- Hawker 800XP - TFE731-5BR1H turbofan engines with 4,660 lbf (20.8 kN) of thrust each
- Hawker 800SP and 800XP2 - New designation for 800A/B and 800XP aircraft when upgraded with aftermarket winglets
- Hawker 850XP - 800XP with factory installed winglets and interior updates
- Hawker 900XP - 850XP with Honeywell TFE731-50R turbofan engines for increased hot/high performance and longer range
- Hawker 750 - 800XP with a light-weight interior and heated baggage compartment in place of the ventral fuel tank
- C-29A - Series 800 for US military designed to replace the Lockheed C-140A, used by the Air Force to accomplish the combat flight inspection and navigation mission (C-FIN) at US airbases around the world, participated in Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm during the First Persian Gulf War.
- U-125 - Series 800-based flight inspection aircraft for Japan (similar to C-29A)
- U-125A - Series 800-based search and rescue aircraft for Japan
- BAe 125 Series 1000 - intercontinental version of the Series 800, 2 ft 9 in (0.84 m) fuselage stretch to increase capacity to 15, increased fuel capacity, Pratt & Whitney Canada PW-305 turbofans with 5,200 lbf (23.2 kN) thrust each, first flight 16 June 1990, 52 built
- Hawker 1000 - BAe 125-1000 after 1993
- Handley Page HP.130 - A 1965 proposal with boundary layer control wings (not built). It was to be powered by two Bristol Siddeley Viper 520s of 3,000 lb thrust with a projected Maximum speed of Mach 0.8. This conversion was for laminar-flow research purposes.
Private operators, air taxi, shared ownership and corporate charter operators worldwide.
- Qantas - Two HS.125 Series 3s were used for crew training. The aircraft were in service from 1965 to 1972.
- Deerjet,Hainan Airlines - 4 Hawker 800XP, 2 Hawker 850XP and 1 Hawker 900XP are in service in Deerjet based at Beijing.Deerjet is a branch of Hainan Airlines(HNA)
- Shanghai Airlines - 1 Hawker 800XP is in service in Shanghai Airlines based at Shanghai.
- Saudi Arabia
- South Africa
- United Kingdom
- United States
Specifications (Hawker 850XP)
- Crew: 2
- Capacity: 8
- Length: 51 ft 2 in (15.6 m)
- Wingspan: 54 ft 4 in (16.6 m)
- Height: 18 ft 1 in (5.5 m)
- Wing area: ft² (m²)
- Empty weight: 15,670 lb (7,110 kg)
- Useful load: 11,790 lb (5,350 kg)
- Max takeoff weight: 28,000 lb (12,700 kg)
- Powerplant: 2× Honeywell TFE731-5BR turbofans, 4,660 lbf (20.8 kN) each
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Published - July 2009